Articles on abnormal psychology

Signs of Severe Anxiety and Coping Mechanism

Dr. Priyanka Srivastava, Psychologist
Do you have a habit of getting too anxious about minor matters? Is your severe anxiety hampering the smooth functioning of your daily life? Is anxiety giving you headaches, causing insomnia and making you paranoid? All these conditions imply that you are suffering from anxiety disorder. There are several types of anxiety disorders with various symptoms, and there are effective treatment procedures for curing them as well.Signs and symptoms of severe anxiety/ anxiety disorder: The signs of anxiety disorder vary from person to person, but one common major symptom is severe fear, tension, and worries even in petty situations.Emotional symptoms:The common emotional symptoms except fear and tension include the following:Feelings of great apprehension or a dread feelingProblem with concentrationFeeling overly tensedAlways anticipating the worst in any situationFeeling restless and irritableWatching out for danger signs in everythingFeeling mentally blankPhysical symptoms:Anxiety is much more than being just a feeling and several physical symptoms are observed as a result of the body's response to severe anxiety. The most common physical symptoms are as follows:A pounding heartExcessive sweatingAn upset or dizzy stomachEnhanced urge for urination and diarrheaBreathing problemsMuscle tensionFeeling twitches and tremorsA severe headache and excess fatigueSleeplessness or insomniaCoping with severe anxiety:In order to cope with anxiety disorder, you should follow these tips:You should connect with other people as being lonely or isolated may trigger your anxiety. Meet friends or join support groups. You should share your feelings with a loved one to ease the anxiety.You must start undertaking relaxation techniques such as mindfulness meditation, progressive muscle relaxation or deep breathing. These help in reducing your anxiety and make you feel relaxed.Regular exercise and work out is a natural stress buster and relieves anxiety. Practice different types of exercises strictly every day.You must get sufficient sleep as lack of sleep boosts your feelings of anxiety and tension. You should get nine hours of undisturbed sleep every night.You should reduce your intake of alcohol and caffeine products, which worsen your anxiety.You must train your mind to stay calm. The habit of needless worrying must be brought under control. You can undertake strategies such as creating a worry period, challenging the thoughts of anxiety and accepting uncertainty in life.The self-help strategies for coping with severe anxiety can be quite effective. In some cases, fear and anxiety attacks become very severe and cause great distress in a person's life. In such cases, professional help is required. Certain behavior therapies can be undertaken for eliminating severe anxiety.

Today Is Mental Health day.use Intuitions and 6th Sense.

Dr. Neelam Nath Bhatia, General Physician
There is No person with 100% correct mental /physical health. Every test carried out in blood has a range. A person is labeled diseased only if the limits exceed normal range or fall below the rangeThere are 3 types of personalities according to Ayurveda.Type A is like Air , Flighty ,always on the go , multitasking ,and result oriented. Type A need not be physically active all the time to achieve their goals. A racing mind is also associated with type A personality. Creative people ,leaders , intellectuals are Type A and the world is dependent on Type A types because They are the Leaders.Type B is like Water, flowy but slowly , working but without much strain on body or mind & We can call them Cool !Type C is like Earth , steady, accepting , not keen or adventerous ,dependent ,ready to please or get pleased.It is a colorful world consisting of all of the 3 types of people.Be Careful of manipulative people who can read the mind and trap the person , knowing well his/her vulnerabilities , exploit them and label the supposedly 'weak ' person as Mad.Remember the programme- Kamzor Kadi Kaun ? ( Who is the Weakest in the link ?)Bottled up Stress can make any normal human behave like Mad.Every Mental Illness does not require Medicines . A good counsellor can do a wonderful job.Who is a good counsellor? An MD doctor, An MA Psychology or an elder in the family or a close friend?It can be any of the above. I am sure one retains some of 6th sense / intuition to know about whom to confide without getting exploited More to get really Mad.Stay away from medicines for anxiety if possible.If none of the above is available as in our country Mental Disease is still a tag , unlike other physical diseases like heart and lung disease or the ones the person is borne with.Start writing a diary about positives and negatives that has happened in life so far. Write a page daily. It is like cleansing our souls. Give a pat to self for good job done daily and a slap for being bad and nasty.One has to maintain both Physical and Mental Health & we take care of physical health by going for a walk /exercising /eating the right food etc. Similarly Mental Health needs to be Protected by each one of us through our own ways.Know yourself before knowing others and analyse self before being Judgemental.Social isolation can increase the risk of both cardiac and mental illness and sometimes it can be a Deliberate attempt to Isolate Seniors of family for Selfish purposes. Do Not Yield in. Remain connected with like minded people and do contribute to society like volunteering,mentoring,joining a civic club or scheduling outings with friends.Medicines should be the last resort of cure of mental disease for a person of any age, a mother can read her child and analyse the demands,adult child of same mother can be able to read the mind of mother. Never mind if child is settled well far away.Dementia or forgetfulness are 1st stages of routine mental illnesses and these are preventable by just doing simple Self Analysis.

Is Your Child Aggressive?

Dr. Yesheswini Kamaraju, Psychiatrist
Have you ever wondered why your child comes back from school in a bad mood ?Children can go through multiple emotions through the day, which they may or may not articulate. Especially young children may have difficulty describing their negative experiences at school or with friends. As children grow older, their speech and language skills develop, which helps them to express their experiences and emotions better.Below are some pointers in identifying behavioral changes in children:Does the child scream/shout while going or coming back from school?Is the child restless or showing increased irritability?Is the child reluctant to do any academic work?Child exhibits intense anger and aggression when forced to complete academic workIn order to understand the behavioral changes, look out for changes in routines such as:Sleep - Does the child feel rested with adequate hours of sleepAppetite - Is the child eating well or skipping meals during the daySchool - Parent needs to get a feedback from school regarding any behavioral changesLearning - Identify if the child has any academic issues (difficulty to memorize, spelling, math or writing issues)Activity - Child has difficulty in sitting for a long time and completing tasksParental TipsDon't repeatedly question or nag the child about how the day went, if the child is irritableListen to the child about his/her difficulties regarding learning, friends or any other specific issues, that the child is sharingLet the child relax and have play time before initiating academic workTuitions not to be scheduled immediately after the child gets back from schoolPhysical punishment should not be used to manage the child's behaviorIt is important for parents to explore child's friends and identify if there are any peer related issues, such as bullying at school premises or school bus. Any academic problems such as learning issues need to be identified and addressed. Parent management at home needs to be consistent to address behavioral issues in children.

20 Tips to Understand Child Psychology

Dr. Manchala Hrishikesh Giri Prasad, Psychiatrist
Increasing familiarity with psychology of children is a daunting task indeed. You are expected to be really patient while trying to understand your child’s requirements. The following tips can help you to create a friendly relationship with your child while understanding him/her better:Observance Is The First Key:One of the best ways to under the psychology of your child is to observe his or her activities.This will help you to know the way he or she plays, eats food, draws, sleeps, communicates with others, and the like.You will find many traits that are consistent in nature.Observe whether your child is able to adjust to changes easily or takes time to settle down.Not all kids have similar traits as they tend to differ in personality.Remember that your child too will have a special personality.Distinguish Your Role As A Parent And As A Friend:You need to clarify your role as a parent and as a friend by setting a few limits on your own.You need to be a good friend at times because it would encourage your kid to have a pleasant interaction with you.Do not let your ‘parent-side’ take over while having a friendly conversation with your child. Instead, offer a wise judgment as a friend would do, without blaming your child for any mistake he or she might have committed.This is important because when you think like a parent, your judgment tends to get a bit different and would prevent the kids from discussing various issues further on.Make sure you don’t spoil your kid, but offer sufficient space to make him understand about your view too.Spend Time With Your Kid:When you spend very less time with your kid, you might not have an intimate relationship with him/herYou have to spend more time with your child and get yourself involved in his life, know his friends and such.This would make him comfortable in discussing his issues openly with you.Whether you have a tight work schedule or an important meeting, set aside a few minutes, to stay in touch with your kid and let him know you are there for him.Teach Your Child To Be responsible:This can be the toughest thing in your life as a parent.As a parent you have to make your kid realize his responsibilities at an earlier stage. This will help your child in the future.If your child pours milk in his mug without spilling, encourage his actions and praise him for being responsible.If your child puts back all the toys in the box after playing, it indicates he is responsible.Encourage your kid, as it would help him realize his responsibilities and be independent.Listen To Your Kid:Children expect their parents to take them seriously and listen to what they are saying.Listen to your kid without being judgmental.Understand his point of view and reasoning.If you do not agree to something, discuss with him what your concerns are.Do not make it into a blame game.Support and encourage him. If required, tell him that what he did was not good, but you still love him.Instill Confidence In Your Kid:As a parent, you are the main source of instilling confidence in your child.If your child has faced a first day at school, ask him or her about the school.Ask them what was taught and if he liked the teacher.Ask about any new friend your child may have made.Though making friends immediately is not an easy task, you can improve his or her confidence and prepare to face the new school in a better way.Ask Your Kids’ Opinion In Some Family decisions:Children feel really important if given a chance to be part of any decision making. It makes them more responsible, and you would be surprised at how mature they suddenly seem!If you are setting up a new home or rearranging the rooms ask your kid’s opinion and listen to what he says.You must understand the idea behind the opinion of your kid rather than judging the mistakes in it.This would offer the confidence in your kid to discuss about his decisions in smaller and bigger things.This in turn would help him make good decisions while he grows up.Stay Updated About Your Child’s Interests:Apart from monitoring your child’s development, you need to stay updated about his likes and dislikes as it would tend to change as he grows.Talk with your kid to know which subject he loves in school, the game he loves to play, his favorite TV show, movie stars, music, etc.Take him for a movie he is interested in or plan to go for a favorite match.This will help in nurturing a bond between you and your child.This would also help you understand your child in a better way.Keep Your Promises:Just as you teach your child to not break a promise, so should you!You must first make sure that you win your kid’s affection by keeping up the promises you make him.Whether it is a trip to the beach or a walk to the supermarket, make sure you keep your promises.This will encourage your child to always be honest.Give Them Some Space:This is something that most parents battle with.Each child needs his or her own space.Don’t barge your child’s life and be a hyperactive parent.Allow him to enjoy a bit of activity he loves, but be around to ensure they don’t go overboard.You can guide him whenever help is needed.Ask Small Questions:When you are interacting with your kid, you must remember to gather lots of information from him or her.This would help you to understand your child’s psychology.If you have small kids at home, their communication would be more of facial and body expressions than speaking it aloud.When you ask your kid small questions, it would be easy for him to answer and share his feelings.This will help you to know whether your kid is facing any issues at school like bullying, etc.Allow Your Kid To Be A Kid:Your kid is after all a child. Allow him or her to be.If he makes a mistake, let him learn from it.Do not have too many expectations.Tell him in a gentle way to be careful instead of banning an activity altogether.Let Your Kid take Time To Develop Social Skills:Some kids can become very friendly with others while some may not be comfortable at all.Some kids develop social skills at an early age, while some would not develop it until a certain age.You can encourage your child to develop the social skills in a gentle way.Remember not to force him as he might take it in a negative way.Understand Fears Or Apprehensions Of Your Kid:When your child is apprehensive about certain things, do not label him/her as being afraid.Try and figure out the real issue that is bothering him.Help him overcome the fear by digging deeper and finding out what factor induced the fear.Even if your kid is not able to express the reasons behind the fear properly, you can try to bring out the real reason by letting your child express his inner feelings.Explain Your Side:If you have taken a decision that your child is not happy with, let him know the reasons that led you to take that decision.This way, you are helping him to grow up as a good decision maker.Even if it is about the time you have fixed for your child to get back home, you can tell him that you have concerns regarding his safety.Even if your kid is not happy with it at the moment, he would appreciate it as he grows into an adult.Be Flexible:It is good to set some rules and follow it. • You have to remember that there can be few exceptions when such instances arise. • You can bend a few rules at such occasions and make sure your kid stays happy and know that their happiness means a lot for you. • This rule can be applied while watching a match of your kid’s favorite sport or a popular movie that you are watching with him.Discuss Your Interests To Avoid Arguments:The main key to understand children psychology is to know what features are common between your kid and you.It might be food, music, games, subjects, hobbies or any other thing.Discuss about your interests with your kid and have a plan about how to develop it further and have fun.This would help you avoid small fights or big quarrels such as who is going to have the TV remote, or which place you should visit for a family vacation.Don’t Stop Talking Even If Your Child Is Not Listening:As a parent of a growing child, you will agree that your kid does not listen to whatever you tell him.Though he might argue with you, your advice would stay etched in his mind as he grows up.Even if he might not agree with what you say, the essence of your advice sticks on.So do not stop your advice session as it will help your kid as he grows and matures.Enhance Self Esteem:Creativity can influence kids psychology in a positive way.As a responsible parent, you can try to enhance your kid’s creativity through motivation.Hang up his artwork on the wall, frame them for your living room display or post them on your blog to encourage them further.This would help your child to build his self-esteem and concentrate more on his creative activities.Create A Peaceful Sleeping Time:Do not let your kid indulge in video games or watch TV before bedtime as it will prevent him from falling asleep faster.Offer a peaceful environment before he/she gos to sleep by setting the room with night lamps.You can also read out a story as a bedtime routine.If your kid gets enough amount of sleep, it is best for developing a positive attitude.

Depression in Children and Adolescents – Not a Myth but a Candid Reality

Dr. R.Manoj, Psychologist
Many parents who come with specific behavioural or academic problems in children are taken aback when they are told that their child is depressed. The usage of the term depression itself makes the parents so uncomfortable that either they try to argue within the professional say that these may be temporary blues which every one experiences on regular basis caused by transient events or just fail to turn up for the next session. Some even request the professional not to mention the term “depression” in the report whenever the same is demanded by the professional or the institution that referred the child for consultation.One of the least recognised and acknowledge fact is children having depression.These are primarily because most of the adults feel that, children have no problems, worries or responsibilities which would make them prone to depression. But what they fail to understand is that the children’s problems, worries and responsibilities are big enough for them to become stressed and if adequate support is not available it can very well lead to depression. Moreover they are dependent on parents in every way, and the parents expect their children to live a life as per the parents aspirations and manage the problems by the methods and directions provided by the parents Any independent move by the child to handle their problems on their own or in consultation with anybody else is only felt as an act defiance which only leads to further pressure from the parents to tow the expected lines. These factors only create a feeling of powerlessness, lack of control and helplessness in children which only escalates the status in the children who are already stresses or prone to depression.In case of adolescents, most of the behavioural, cognitive and emotional changes are viewed as a natural part of their developmental process and parents turn a blind eye to their deterioration even when its obvious. It’s a well known fact that adolescence is a period of stress and storm and they have to handle multiple pressures both internal and external which can easily make them prone to depression. But parents never even think about the possibility even though they know that their child is undergoing a lot of turmoil which can be difficult for them to manage by themselves.The other important reason why parents find it difficult to acknowledge this fact is because children are not so articulate as adults in expressing their emotions. Most of the time it is manifested through behavioural problems or deterioration in performance, on various functionalities for which parents have their own interpretations which actually clouds their rational mind from looking into the possibility of the child being depressed.One more factor, that make diagnosis of depression challenging even for professionals is that most of the behavior and cognitive symptoms when existing alone can be diagnosed for other disorders such as mood deregulation disorder, oppositional defiant disorder, intermittent explosive disorder, attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder, conduct disorder, anxiety disorders and autism spectrum disorders specifically Asperger's syndrome. In case of adolescence, it can also be diagnosed for substance use disorders. Many a times even when the parent decide to take a professional help they only project a single behaviour or problem which they feel as most significant or the most disruptive ignoring many other changes which they feel insignificant or the after effect of the significant one. This can mislead the professional and unless and otherwise the professional is willing to spend time to collect all other relevant information they may misdiagnose it for some other specific disorder. The difference between these disorders and childhood depression in childhood depression there are multiple symptoms along with explicitly noticeable emotionality. The other important difference is that the changes in behaviour, thought process and emotions occur in a short period of time which is quite obvious to people who see these children regularlyWhat every parent needs to understand is that depression in children are a reality, a highly prevalent mental health issue and its life threatening. The increase in the number of suicides among children and early adolescents for flimsy reasons which is just a nano percentage of the depressed population is the proof for the same. The prevalence rate of depressive disorder is estimated to be 2% in children and 4-8% in adolescence and 70% of children with a single depressive episode will experience a recurrence within five years, with the Lifetime prevalence of depressive episode being 20% by the end of adolescence.Untreated depression in children, can lead to devastating consequences, including consistent problems in school, at home and with friends, the loss of critical developmental years, increased risk for antisocial behavior and in some cases even suicide. Just like every other health issues depression in children can also be cured with early diagnosis and appropriate intervention.Listed below are few signs and symptoms which you should look for in your child which would be early warnings for you, of your child being prone to depression. These signs and symptoms can be categorized under four major functional areas of everyone’s life.BehavioralØ  There may be sudden or gradual changes in activity levels. They may show lack of interest in the activities which were pleasurable to them or even their day today responsibilities which they had been doing without ant push.  The child may either show lethargy in his activities or involve excessively in activities which the parents had been denying him from doingØ  School,refusal and high resistance to academic related activities  are one of the  symptoms which is commonly seenØ  Frequent expression of being tired and being bored about everything failure to involve in any of  his  activities inspite of  consistent encouragement can also be witnessedØ  There may be noticeable increase of sluggishness in their actions, reactions and even play and entertainment related activitiesØ  The children may withdrawal tendencies. They may suddenly or gradually move into isolation or keep themselves occupied in activities which are done in isolation such as playing video games. Places of isolation become their preferred and favourite ones and you can find them escaping to such places at the first opportunity.Ø  There may be a sudden or gradual loss of interest in family affairs or involvement with their favourite family member or even friends.Ø  In some children there may a dynamic opposite behaviour. They make show an increased level of dependency and express an exaggerated sense of insecurity in the form of fear of doing even very simple things such a short absence of parents.Ø  Sometimes the children may show  excessive interest in praying, repeating a few acts etc to ward off their fearØ  In some cases they may involve in self-injurious behaviour  hitting or biting themselves and in other times they may involve in reckless or aggressive behaviour for which they are sure to be punished physically. Sometimes it may even go the extend of attempting suicideØ  Sometimes they may become over-demanding and throw temper tantrums whenever their demands are not metØ  In case of adolescents there are possibilities of the child involving in substance abuse which includes, tobacco,  alcohol and other dangerous psychotropic drugsEmotionalØ  The child may look sad cry frequently for even simple issues or provocations which can be explicitly look as unreasonable. Some times the crying spells may for long spells even without any provocationØ  The child may show highly sensitive reactions such as being upset, disturbed, offended or disappointed even for simple criticisms or negative experienceØ  There may be a significant increase in expressed anger, and even aggressive reactions even without any reason. Sometimes they may pick up fights with their friends parents or siblings without any provocationØ  The child may become anxious, tensed and even panicky for no apparent reasons. They may show startled reactions even regular happens that happens abruptly such as noise of the horn etc.Ø  Expression of fear about even simple things, known people and situations , environments they have been already exposed to. They even show excessive avoidance  to everything they fear aboutØ  They may be seen worried, brooding a lot, getting irritated and frustrated even for very simple happenings frequently. They may also have difficulty in making choices regarding simple thingsPhysicalØ  There may be a significant change in appetite which may range from starving to overeating. This may even lead to significant weight loss or weight gain in a short period of time. Sometimes these children are found to be skipping regular meals and spending time munching junk foods excessively.Ø  They may also have sleeping problems which range from lack of sleep  to excessive sleep. In some cases the sleep is disturbed, the sleep cycle is disrupted and they may also have nightmares because of which they feel drowsy most of the time.Ø  The children who are depressed may also fake illness. In some other cases, they may complain of  pain in various parts of the body or even show symptoms of some specific illness which cannot be diagnosed by physical examinations.Ø  Enuresis (bed wetting) and encorpasis (inability to control their bowel movements) which develops after the control is already established also point towards depressionCognitive signsØ  There may be deterioration in attention and concentration which reflects in most of their activities. They may also been seen drifting into their fantasy world irrespective of the task they are engaged in. They also have difficulty with their short term memory because of the same.Ø  They may have feelings or worthlessness and self-depreciating thoughts which are expressed by self-criticisms  and good for nothing mindset even for simple failures.Ø  Poor self-esteem and low self-confidence which is expressed consistently through their inability to complete even simple tasks is one more important indicator.Ø  They may show pessimistic attitude towards everything, every event and even everybody they come acrossØ  They have significant feelings of guilt and express the need to be punished even over their perceived faults. They blame themselves even for mistakes in which either they have a limited role or no role at all.Ø  These children may express the belief that they are destined to suffer nad have to live their life the way it is which is an indication of strong feelings of hopelessnessØ  They have strong feelings of helplessness and they have strong feelings that nobody can help them and hence they  have difficulty in seeking help. They feel they are all alone in this world because they believe that there is nobody around whom they can trust, who would understand and help themØ  Suicidal thoughts which are expressed as death wishes are the clear signs of depression and if these thoughts are witnessed, then have no doubts, the child is suffering from depression.Depression should be addressed just like any other physical illness. Children cannot articulate their emotions or even identify that they are depressed. So it’s the responsibility of the adults specifically the parents and teachers to recognize it by observing the changes that happen in their behaviour, emotions, physical health and habits and their cognitive process and take appropriate measures. Its not necessary that the child should have all the symptoms mentioned above for the child to be diagnosed. If the child has even half of the symptoms mentioned above  you need to become cautious because you child may be in depression or prone to depression. If your child is experiencing even half of the above said symptoms, it is a good to get an evaluation by a professional clinical psychologist with experience in handling childhood disorders. If their child is either found to be depressed or prone to depression then effective intervention measures and appropriate support can be provided to prevent the condition from escalating and also safe guard them from  social isolation, losing their self confidence, developing negative self-esteem and safety risks that result from persistent depression

Depression: Things You Need to Know

Dr. Suhasini Das, Psychiatrist
Depression is a very common psychiatric disorder. According to World Health Organization report (WHO, 2016), about 350 million people are affected by depression. Untreated depression leads to decreased productivity, affects interpersonal relationships, alcohol, and substance abuse, and in extreme cases, to suicide. Depression can affect at any age group, from infants to the elderly. Hence, it is very necessary that you identify the signs of depression and take early interventions.Signs and symptoms of depression:Mood symptoms: Low mood, irritability, anger outbursts, crying spells, feeling very low in the morning hoursDecreased interest in usually pleasurable activities like hobbies, work, socializationLow energy, easy fatigabilityDecreased attention and concentrationDisturbed sleep and appetiteWeight gain or lossThoughts of hopelessness, helplessness, worthlessness, guilt, sinSuicidal thoughts or attemptsDecreased libidoAnxiety symptoms like panic attacks worry etc.In depression, most of these symptoms will be present together, for at least > 2 weeks. Depression can be an independent disorder or a part of Bipolar affective disorder, in which cases treatment will differ.Depression in childhood and adolescents:At times, children and adolescents present depression differently than in adults. They may not complain of depression but commonly present with decreased academic performance or refusal to go to school, irritability or anger outbursts, decreased interaction with family and friends or spending more time in solitary activities like on mobile or laptop, disturbed sleep and appetite, headaches and other bodily complaints etc.Depression in women:At any given point, females are more prone to depression than males. The most vulnerable periods are between 15-30 years of age, during pregnancy and after delivery and around menopause. Causes of depression:Biological, due to neurotransmitter imbalance.Social: Death of close family members or friends, divorce or separation, loss of a job or financial loss, immigration or relocation to different places, major natural disasters like earthquakes, following war etc.Physical illness: Hypothyroidism, stroke, heart attack, diabetes, cancer and its treatment, organ transplantation etc.Treatment:Both medication and psychotherapies like cognitive-behaviour therapy, interpersonal therapy, and others are effective in treating depression. The best results are obtained with the combination of medication and therapy. You need to continue it for at least 4-6 months to sustain the effects and prevent relapse.To summarize, depression is a common disorder. Identifying it correctly and proper treatment will improve your overall mental and physical health, your relationships and your productivity and efficiency in the long run. Be happy :). 

Yes!! It Is Depression and There Is a Way Out!

Dr. Pradyuth P, Homeopath
Depression is a disorder of major public health importance, in terms of its prevalence and the suffering, dysfunction,morbidity, and economic burden. Depression is more common in women than men. Each year, between 30 and 40 people per 100,000 Indians aged between 15 and 29  are affected by Depression. This accounts for about a third of all suicides in the country.Depression wants to take the joy out of your life, but you don’t have to let it. With proper treatment from traditional talk therapy to medications and lifestyle adjustments, the depression can be cured. People often do not understand that everyone person at some point in their lives go through Depression. Depression is caused not because of external factors like stress, or a bad relationship etc. It is mainly because of our own internal issues. As the saying goes "WHAT YOU EAT DOES NOT KILL YOU BUT WHAT EATS YOU DEFINITELY KILLS YOU". Any disease for that matter is a result because of our own thought process. It is our inability to cope with external factors be it in studies or in work or in any other fields. These factors trigger the disease process,which is outwardly seen as depression or any other disease. So the cause for Depression is within us and the first step to get rid of it is to acknowledge this very fact!Homoeopathy helps in realizing these facts, and with proper medication, the person will be completely out of depression. Unlike other medicines it does not act superficially  but gets to the root of the problem and resolves it. The root cause for the disturbance is found out in a detailed case being taken and then the medicine is administered. In many cases of depression, anxiety disorders, the person will not able to reason out the cause and the reason as to why they are behaving in a particular manner.The medicine helps them to regain balance and confidence about themselves while it brings about an awareness between reality and a delusional world. The medicine also brings a sense of tranquility and peace of mind.So remember, if you feel that all the doors are closed, then there will always be a window open. I can emphatically state that this window can definitely be opened by homeopathy in the field of medical science

Understanding Numbness

Ms. Pakhi Jain, Psychologist
Numbness is a state of a person when you feel disconnected in terms of thinking, perceiving, and feeling. I am very sure you might find this state very often, shrug it off with some activity or other. But it still persists. The feeling of that void is still present. Following might be some of reasons that made you feel numb at any point of time:Absence of someone in life. Not necessary someone in mind, but someone whom you are not aware of.Absence of an achievement in life. Not necessarily very immediate, but a goal or an aim to achieve.Presence of too many thoughts that are irrelevant for you to think, but might be important if you think them individually.Too many activities in your life that might seem important to keep your mind busy, but are futile when thought individually.Try to find the cause of your numbness first. Then follow with the activity to actually understand the importance of it.First of all, it is not necessary to curb your numbness. It is beneficial at times. With the causes listed above, it definitely shows that your mind is doing something that it is not supposed to do. So STOP, THINK & ACT on the specific problem that you are facing. Staying numb is just a defence mechanism of your brain to shut down the whole body from thinking about the reality. So acknowledge the fact that your body wants to shut down, if you cannot afford to spare time to relax, then act upon the problem that you are facing.Facing your problem can be done by any of the following methods:Consult a psychologist for your confusion.Make a flow chart if possible.Try to write down your feelings about the present situation, you might find a pattern of your problem.Try to acknowledge that the present situation is a temporary state of mind, it will pass soon if taken a step towards it.Acting upon a problem is not an easy task. Even more difficult task is to acknowledge that you are into a situation that needs to be dealt. But if you find disinterest in daily activities, or distress without any reason, or feeling numb more often, that means you need to take an action.Happy finding!

Clinical Psychologist vs. Psychiatrist, Who Should You See?

Ms. Aarathi Selvan, Psychologist
Clinical Psychologists and Psychiatrists often work together to ensure the mental health and well-being of a client is taken care of. While their job descriptions often overlap, there are many crucial differences between a psychologist and psychiatrist. The most important difference is the nature of treatment within the two professions. Treatment differences between Psychologist and Psychiatrist:PsychiatristA psychiatrist is a trained medical doctor. In India, a psychiatrist completes MBBS degree and additional gets trained in psychiatry at a post graduate level. Psychiatrists prescribe medication for mental illnesses like Major depressive disorder, Bipolar disorder, Schizophrenia, Post Traumatic Stress Disorder,  Anxiety Disorder and more. They spend much of their time on medication management as the primary course of treatment. Psychiatrists are medical doctors first. Most of them do not have additional training in counselling or talk therapy as a clinical psychologist. It is important to understand this: I have had several clients reach out to me and express that when they went to a psychiatrist, the doctor did not spend time listening to their deeper issues which lead them to the mental illness (like depression/anxiety,etc). Psychiatrists focus on the presenting symptoms of the patient. In conditions where the mental illness is severe and basic self care is impossible, taking medications to stabilize becomes necessary. They are not trained as clinical psychologists to approach mental illness with talk therapy.Clinical PsychologistIn India, clinical psychologists have a license by the Rehabilitation Council of India to practice professionally. They typically have a Bachelors & Masters in Psychology and an MPhil in Clinical Psychology.  A PhD in clinical psychology/psychology is not a licensing degree for practicing as a psychologist.Clinical Psychologists are trained to understand a variety of aspects of mental health and are also trained in different evidence based therapies to work with clients with mental illness or difficult life situations.Clients with severe mental illness will be concurrently seen by both Psychiatrists and Clinical Psychologist for best results. Often times clients/patients with less severe kinds of mental health problems don’t like to use medications, they’re afraid they’re going to get addicted. These clients are more likely to see a psychologist first.Clinical psychologists help clients learn different tools to help transform their attitudes, behaviours, thoughts and emotions into those that support optimal well-being. As opposed to a psychiatrist who may spend less than 15 minutes in medication management with a patient per session, clinical psychologists typically spends over an hour per session in working with the client. Clinical psychologist are additionally trained in Testing and Assessment, that helps in diagnosing clients with mental illness. Clinical psychologist also work with individuals with normal life issues that seem to cause stress, anxiety and depression.  Talk therapy is the most effective for clients in these situations.I am a National Certified Counselor in the US and a Licensed Clinical Psychologist in India with additional certifications in Evidence Based Therapies. If you are still wondering who you should see in therapy, get in touch with me to help you assess your situation and recommend to you the accurate form of therapy for your situation.