Articles on world health organization

Healthy Smile, Healthy You: The Importance of Oral Health

Dr. Ishwari Bhirud, Dentist
Regular dentist visits can do more than keep your smile attractive – they can also tell dentists a lot about your overall health, including whether or not you may be at risk for chronic disease.New research suggests that the health of your mouth mirrors the condition of your body as a whole. For example, when your mouth is healthy, chances are your overall health is good, too. On the other hand, if you have poor oral health, you may have other health problems.Research also shows that good oral health may actually prevent certain diseases from occurring.Gum disease and health complicationsAccording to the research in General Dentistry, there is a relationship between gum (periodontal) disease and health complications such as a stroke and heart disease. Women with gum disease also show higher incidences of pre-term, low birth-weight babies.Other research shows that more than 90% of all systemic diseases (diseases involving many organs or the whole body) have oral manifestations, including swollen gums, mouth ulcers, dry mouth and excessive gum problems. Such diseases include:DiabetesLeukemiaOral cancerPancreatic cancerHeart diseaseKidney diseaseSince most people have regular oral examinations, their dentist may be the first health care provider to diagnose a health problem in its early stages.Poor oral health can lead to problemsIf you don't take care of your teeth and gums, your poor oral hygiene can actually lead to other health problems, including:Oral and facial pain. According to the Office of the Surgeon General, this pain may be largely due to infection of the gums that support the teeth and can lead to tooth loss. Gingivitis, an early stage of gum disease, and advanced gum disease affect more than 75% of the U.S. population.Problems with the heart and other major organs. Mouth infections can affect major organs. For example, the heart and heart valves can become inflamed by bacterial endocarditis, a condition that affects people with heart disease or anyone with damaged heart tissue.Digestion problems. Digestion begins with physical and chemical processes in the mouth, and problems here can lead to intestinal failure, irritable bowel syndrome, and other digestive disorders.What you can do...Seeing a dentist regularly helps to keep your mouth in top shape and allows your dentist to watch for developments that may point to other health issues. A dental exam can also detect poor nutrition and hygiene, growth and development problems and improper jaw alignment. Provide your dentist with a complete medical history and inform him or her of any recent health developments, even if they seem unrelated to your oral health.At home, you can practice good oral hygiene:Brush twice a day for at least two minutes, using fluoridated toothpaste.Floss daily to remove plaque from places your toothbrush can't reach.Eat a healthy diet to provide the nutrients necessary (vitamins A and C, in particular) to prevent gum disease.Avoid cigarettes and smokeless tobacco, which are known to contribute to gum disease and oral cancer.Visit the dentist regularly for cleanings and exams. This is one of the most effective ways to detect the early signs of gum disease.

7 Health Tips for a Healthy Life

Dr. D S Rathi, Ayurveda
1. Eat Healthy Stay Well Your wellness and quality of Health depends entirely on the quality and quantity of food you eatEat 1/4 portion less than your actual appetite, to ensure proper digestionAvoid drinking water with meals. Make habit of having a glass of water 1 hour before and after mealsTake your meals at proper timings. Avoid skipping mealsEat only when hungry, not otherwise. It avoids problems like hyperacidity, gastritis, bloating etc2. Stay Physically Active Exercise daily to improve your stamina and immunityDo not indulge in heavy physical work or exercise just after mealsDo not exercise without warming upInclude gym, yoga, swimming, aerobics or dance or any physical activity in your daily routine3. Take Care of your Eyes Wash your eyes with Trifala water each morningWatch television from atleast 6 feet distanceAvoid watching Television or working on computers for very long hoursUse any herbal eye drops dailyWear glasses if going in sun or dustSleep gives you an opportunity to carry out repair work in the body. Do not compromise on sleep for a healthy and blissful lifeA good night's sleep (6-8 hours) is the hall mark of a power packed fresh dayWash your face and feet with lukewarm water, whenever you come home from outsideMake a habit of having dinner atleast 2-3 hours before you sleep5. Learn to RelaxTake a long deep breath, closing your eyes - visualise inside and observe the air coming in and out. Repeat it 10 times and freshen your mindTry to avoid unnecessary stressPractice meditation daily for atleast 15 minutesTake short relaxing naps many times throughout the day. Just close your eyes and try to think nothing for some time6. Always Use Herbal Products and Medicines Always use herbal products for your daily needsIf the condition is not severe always use Ayurvedic Medicines Rather than using artificial room fresheners, use herbal room freshenersUse organic products in your kitchen and avoid synthetic chemicals 7. Keep Proper Record of Your and Your Family's IllnessesAlways seek professional medical advice for your health problems. Avoid self diagnosis and medicationMake a proper file for all your doctor's prescriptions, blood reports, investigations and discharge summariesAlways carry this file whenever you visit your doctor If you are advised antibiotics, discuss properly with your doctor about the duration of the medicine courseAlways take full course of medicines and never stop the treatment in between as it may worsen the condition

Oral Ulcerations

Dr. Viral Parikh, Dentist
A mouth ulcer (also termed an oral ulcer, or a mucosalulcer) is an ulcer that occurs on the mucous membrane of the oral cavity. More plainly, a mouth ulcer is a sore or open lesion in the mouth.Mouth ulcers are very common, occurring in association with many diseases and by many different mechanisms, but usually there is no serious underlying cause. Most are self-resolving and transient (e.g. after a simple cheek bite). However, some may require the intervention of a medical or dental practitioner. The diagnosis of the more common oral ulcerations, in another wise healthy patient, is straightforward and determined from the medical history and clinical examination.Ulcers caused by local trauma are painful to touch and sore. They usually have an irregular border with erythematous margins and the base is yellow. However, patients with impaired immunological function (e.g. HIV, chemotherapy, malnutrition) may present with more severe, widespread, atypical presentations that require a comprehensive assessment.The diagnosis comes mostly from the history and examination, but the following special investigations may be involved: blood tests (vitamin deficiency, anemia, leukemia, Epstein-Barr virus, HIV infection, diabetes) microbiological swabs (infection,) or urinalysis (diabetes.)A biopsy (minor procedure to cut out a small sample of the ulcer to look at under a microscope) with or without immunofluorescence may be required, to rule out cancer, but also if a systemic disease is suspected.Treatment is cause related, but also symptomatic if the underlying cause is unknown or not correctable. It is also important to note that most ulcers will heal completely without any intervention. Treatment can range from simply smoothing or removing a local cause of trauma, to addressing underlying factors such as dry mouth or substituting a problem medication.

Good Sleep for Good Health

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Nothing makes you feel more refreshed than a good sleep in night. It is a natural cyclic state of resting for mind and body. There’s more to an ideal 7-8 hrs of sleep than just preparing our bodies for the next day. Adequate sleep is an essential part of good health and plays an important role in all body functions hence ensuring a better mental and physical fitness.The National Sleep Foundation (NSF) reported that good sleep is essential for a person’s health and well being.Lord Chesterfield very well said that “A light supper, a good night's sleep and a fine morning have often made a hero out of the same man, who, by indigestion, a restless night and a rainy morning would have proved a coward."Now, the question is “Can good sleep make good health?”Yes, sleep makes you feel better. Adequate sleep is a key part of a healthy lifestyle. Without it, one becomes more susceptible to health problems, such as heart disease, obesity, depression and many more. Some facts of sleep which lead to a healthy life are -Good Sleep Keeps Heart Healthy: Lack of sleep has been associated with worsening of blood pressure and cholesterol so some experts say that heart will be healthier if one gets between( 7 -9 hours) of sleep each night.Sleep Helps to Make Body Repairs: Sleep is a time for your body to repair damage caused by stress, ultraviolet rays and other harmful exposures. Your cells produce more protein while you are sleeping. These protein molecules form the building blocks for cells, allowing them to repair damage. This is the time when the cells undergo wear and tear and that’s what makes you feel refreshed in the morning.Good Sleep Reduces Stress: When your body is sleeping deficient, it goes into a state of stress. Therefore it is recommended to have good sleep in order to allow your body to cope with day’s stress and manage it in a better way with a relaxed mind. It is found that any amount of sleep deprivation reduces mental performance.Sleep & Weight Loss: Lack of sufficient sleep affects the appetite regulating hormones. It also aggravates cravings for high-fat and carbohydrate rich foods, making a route to weight gain. It also affects the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels, a key factor in weight management. So, if you want to be on a healthy weight, make sure you get a good sleep every night.Good Sleep Reduces Depression: Lack of proper sleep and depression is inter-linked. Depression may lead to insomnia and lack of sleep increases depression. Sleep impacts serotonin levels (feel-good hormone) which affect the mood of an individual.Sleep Prevents Cancer: People working for long hours have a higher risk for breast and colon cancer. There is evidence stating that good sleep can alter the balance of hormones in the body which may influence cancer progression.As very well said by Benjamin Franklin, “Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy & wise.”

1st Oct: The Day for You!

Dr. Abhijit Anil Tambe, Dentist
1st October is celebrated as the International Day for Elderly People each year. The main purpose behind the day for elderly is to make people aware of the importance of senior citizens who are often neglected in society and also about the responsibilities of society towards them. There is a special need of the elderly population which has to be given prime importance.Ageing has various problems and that we won’t understand until and unless we became old. Ageing leads to some amount of morbidity with various diseases and disabilities, compromising their ability to lead an independent life. Reduced mobility and neglect from family members furthermore degenerates their condition. Aging reduces their immune system making them more susceptible to diseases. So it is our responsibility to provide long-term care to them and thus contribute to healthy ageing. We should take care and help for the graceful aging of our grandparents.The problem of the elderly people should be seen as a societal issue rather than an individual's problem. Someday, we will all be old. We will undergo similar problems as faced by our grandparents today. Thus, it is our moral duty that we should improve our attitude towards the older people and appreciate their role in our lives. They have more experience than the younger generation. Even by helping them we can learn something from them and that should be the attitude.Even the elderly people can help themselves or their partners and friends for graceful ageing. In present days instead of depending on younger generation elderly can help themselves to live better. There is saying that- No one can help you better than yourself.” Your future is in your hands.There are some important things that will help you to easily proceed in the further journey of life.Take adequate rest.Have a proper balanced diet rich in protein, vitamin, minerals, fibers etc. Enrich your diet with plenty of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains.Keep time for yourself. Do various exercises like walking, yoga and meditation.Understand your special health care needs. Consult your doctor and get your preventive check-up done on a regular basis.Engage yourself in social, cultural and spiritual activities with family and friends. Get into activities that will boost your confidence.LIVE HAPPY!! LIVE HEALTHY!!!

5 Symptoms of Mental Illness

Dr. Ajit Naik, Psychiatrist
World Health Organization (WHO) over half a century ago defined “HEALTH” as ; “A complete state of physical, mental and social well-being, & not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.”We today are heading towards a healthy nation and lot of advances in medical field supporting this efforts.People are now coming forward to obtain information on various diseases and ways to tackle them.Initially doctors and society served as a useful source of information,but now technology is also playing equal role in answering variety of questions related to health.Diabetes,blood pressure and other physical illnesses are openly discussed and steps to control them are followed.However,this is not true for people with psychological problems.Stigma related to these problems prevents them from seeking proper guidance and suffering continues.Hence it is important that we start openly sharing our psychological problems too,so we could not only live a disease free but a better quality of life also.Why one needs to “Understand symptoms of Mental Illness”?1] Mind – body co-relation: Changes in mind e.g stress,does influence other body parts like skin, gastrointestinal system,cardiovascular system etc. When we don’t get good sleep, it does affect our appetite and digestion.2] Outcome of other illnesses: The outcome of illnesses like diabetes, blood pressure is improved if a person is mentally healthy. Studies have found good glycemic control in patients treated for depression than those not treated.3] Productivity at work: Improves your productivity at work & more stable social & occupational life.4] Family stability: The family members living with mentally ill person are also affected by their illness. Early treatment prevents further worsening of symptoms.5] Understand it as illness, eliminate stigma: It is an illness like any other illness in the body. It also needs intervention for a better quality of life.

Ayurvedic Immunization for Your Child

Dr. Ravi Dewan, Ayurveda
SWARNA PRASHANTo say the least it can be no more than irony that many of the new found researches have such a short shelf life that before they could be wholeheartedly adopted, they have to be shunned for find of certain side effects on life & environment. The greater irony is that the age old practices which still hold sway and have not been found to have any side effects since thousands of years are discarded by these modern day intellectuals without even an iota of evidence against these practices. The major argument for this apathy is that there is no evidence of its efficacy. Friends the biggest myth for our old traditions is that they had no scientific basis. However this is totally farce. All our old traditions had a very strong research basis, the need is only to re search these basis. This in true sensewill be the actual research.Today I’m going to discuss one such old tradition with you that is SWARN PRASHAN sanskaar.Many-many years ago in 7th & 8th century our rishis understood the need of immunization. At that time they did’t think of burdening our bodies with cultured organisms. Rather they developed techniques which enhanced our built in immunities. They set certain life time guidelines for these benefits and they were named sanskaars.SWARN PRASHAN is one such sanskaar, which was mentioned to be started in infancy. This was strictly directed towards enhancing natural immunity and for development of healthy body and mind with smoothly functioning systems of the body. These days even in advertisements fun is being made ofthese old traditions, but slowly & steadily these traditions which have held their ground despite all the apathy and harshness are regaining their lost pride.Yes gold can be harmful to body as has been trolled by western intellectuals, but only when it has not been properly processed, for that matter the medicine made by snake venom can also be as much dangerous if not more. But then we are thankful to our westernized counter parts for havingdeveloped certain body functioning monitoring techniques in pathology which can keep a tap on our systems.In SWARN PRASHAN sanskaar a precise quantity of swarn bhasam is amalgamated in various kinds of medicated ghrit (which act not only as carriers of swarn but they have their own role on enhancing various bodily functions). This compound can be administered to children from infancy tilladolescence.BENEFITSImproves intellect.Improves metabolism & digestion.Improves immunity & physical strength.Improves fertility.Improves quality & span of life.LET US ALL JOIN HANDS IN NURTURING A HEALTHY GEN NEXT DEVOID OF CHEMICALS & STILL BE NATURALLY HEALTHY WITH STRONG IMMUNE SYSTEM.

Conditions That Can Harm Oral Health

Dr. Ishwari Bhirud, Dentist
 Medical conditions that can harm your mouthFrom diabetes to stomach ulcers, a number of illnesses can wreak havoc on your oral health.Acid attack!Carbonated beverages, fruit juice and acidic foods can harm teeth. Acid in our food can cause enamel to wear away.Aloe vera soothes mouth soresAloe vera can treat common oral health conditions, including cold sores and fever blisters (outside of the mouth) and canker sores (in the mouth), according to the Academy of General Dentistry.Are oral health issues genetic?Dental problems can run in the family. Here's a look at five oral health issues that have a genetic link.Anxiety disorders contribute to oral health problemsPeople are anxious about going to the dentist for different reasons, including worrying about the effectiveness, feeling dentist is rushed, neglecting concerns, anticipation of pain, negative past experiences, or atmosphere.Causes of "dry mouth" and how to relieve itDid you know that medications are the most common cause of dry mouth? Learn how to relieve the symptoms.Cavities are not just for kidsThe threat of cavities is something that you never outgrow. The contributing factors may be different for adults (receding gums, weakening fillings) and children, but cavities can be a problem at any age.Diabetes and oral healthStudies show that diabetics are more susceptible to the development of oral infections and periodontal disease. Oral infections tend to be more severe in diabetic patients than non-diabetic patients.Don’t give in to gum diseaseGum disease can lead to tooth loss. Regular brushing, flossing, dental exams and diet can help keep gums healthy.Fighting bad breathBad breath or halitosis is something almost all of us suffer at one time or another. Possible causes to watch are infected gums, dirty teeth, foul tongue, empty stomach, and smoking.Sensitive teeth: Do hot and cold bother you?If a taste of ice cream or a sip of coffee registers tooth pain, you may have sensitive teeth. This condition is common and it is treatable.Jaw-dropping facts about TMJ/TMD disordersMany Americans experience pain related to their temporomandibular joints (TMJ). Learn the symptoms of TMJ/TMD and how your dentist may be able to treat them.Nail biting can lead to bruxismBruxism, or teeth grinding, is the unintentional grinding or clenching of teeth that may cause facial pain. Your dentist can determine whether you may have bruxism and, if so, can suggest the best method of treatment.Oral cancerYour dentist can perform a screening for oral cancer, which is most frequently found on the tongue, the floor of the mouth, soft palate tissues in back of the tongue, lips, and gums. Early detection and treatment is essential.Overbrushing: Watch out for too much of a good thingBrushing too long, using too firm a toothbrush or brushing improperly can injure your teeth and gums.'Tooth squeeze' — Your teeth under pressure.Your teeth can feel pressure too. "Tooth squeeze," or barodontalgia, is tooth pain caused by air or water pressure in extreme environments.Reference: