Articles on pimple

Tackle Your Pimple Problems

Dr. Madhavi Pudi, Dermatologist
What is acne?1. Acne  commonly knows as pimple. It is caused due to clogged skin pores. Some people call blackheads, blemishes, whiteheads or zits.2. It usually appears on the face, but can present itself on the neck, back, chest and shoulders.Types of acne1. Mild acne.2. Moderate acne.3. Severe Acne.What causes acne?There are certain factors that trigger or aggravate an existing case of acne.1. Hormones2. Bacteria3. Nutritional insufficiency4. StressAcne diagnosis and treatmentTo diagnose acne, a dermatologist will first examine the skin to make sure you have acne; to rule out other skin conditions that look like acne.If you have acne, the dermatologist will grade the acne and treat it subjectively.For the best suitable treatment consult your dermatologistDo's1. Cleansing the skin with the right type of clenser, optimal times.2. Moisturizing prevents skin irritation, soothes the skin by slowing the evaporation of water.3. Protection from sun and environmental damage.4. Apply acne medication as directed by the dermatologist.5. Drink plenty of water with a balanced diet and regular exercise.Dont's1. Never pop, Squeeze, or pick acne.2. Don t use harsh soaps, scrubs, toner, astringent, or masks.3. Don't wash with washcloths or puffs as they can be abrasive.4. Avoid itching or scratching on the affected site.5. Do not use greasy or oil based cosmetics, that may clog the skin pores and trigger breakouts.6. Do not ignore acne as it may cause permanent scar if left untreated.Acne diet guidelinesWhat to eat more and what to avoid?Include1. Food with low glycemic index.2. Food rich in zinc.3. Food rich in omega fatty-3 fatty acids.Avoid1.Dairy products.2. Food with high glycemic index.3. Food rich in iodine.It is no secret that a diet rich in fruits and vegetables and low in sugars and starch can reduce breakouts.Nuts- Nuts are rich plant – based source of omega -3 fatty acids, which are said to reduce inflammation around the sebaceous glands.Selenium rich diet- Selenium is a dietary mineral that helps in increasing your antioxidant levels thereby critically preventing blockage of skin pores.Vitamin C* Vitamin C serves as an excellent antioxidant and removes harmful free radicals.* It also contributes to collagen synthesis.Beta-carotene*It is a form of vitamin A which gets converted into retinol, when needed.* It balances the collagen levels in skin, protects skin from ultraviolet light damage, which      promotes healthy cell growth.Foods with water content* Foods that have a high water content such as cucumber, watermelon, pineapple, tomato    and cabbage help in keeping your system free from toxins.Acne fighting foods *omega -3 fatty acids*foods rich in selenium*foods rich in vitamin C*foods rich in vitamin E*foods high in water content*foods rich in beta carotene.

Solve Your Acne or Pimple Problems By Diet

Dr. Swapan Banerjee, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Causes of Acne & PimplesDuring puberty clogged hair follicle i.e. pore in the skin gets blocked due to oil production in the sebaceous glands & also accumulation of bacteria, dirt increases small pustules or blisters on the face or other parts of the body. As per studies & observation girls and young ladies suffer more than boys. During pregnancy as well as after child birth, females are prone to this problem. Acne usually improves around the age of 16 years but may persist into adulthood.Acne causes depressionAcne causes some oily tendencies on the sites & severe psychological distress that affect mood, lowers self-esteem, anxiety, depression, and even up to suicidal thoughts. Everyone does not show his or her face publicly or at friends or peer circles due to some unwanted comments or suggestions & advice. There are some common factors or reasons why this happens?Hormonal FactorsSeveral hormones are responsible for pimples, acne, like the androgens, testosterone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT) dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) as well as insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and growth hormone (HGH)Some common causesAcne is mostly seen genetically or in connection with heredity. Apart from these, the below-mentioned causes are assumed to be the common causes.1. Constipation may be for chronic cases.2. Hormonal imbalance of Estrogens, Progesterone, Adrenalin, Testosterone, Thyroid Stimulating Hormones during the young age happens because of already mentioned reasons.3. Lack of or insufficient water & fluids.4. Very high consumption of fried foods, rich spicy foods, street foods some junk, fast foods etc.5. Malnutrition may be due to over or undernutrition.6. Lack of fibre rich foods (like whole grains, wheat, brown bread, brown rice or more)7. Lack of Vegetables, greens, gourd family vegetables.8. Usage of excess facial creams, improper moisturiser by girls and even boys in the teenage period.9. Alcohol & smoking addictions10. Lack or insufficiency of Vitamin–C. i.e citrus fruits, Vitamin A & E.11. During pregnancy due to some biological/physical changes.12. Irregular periods .i.e Menstruation cycle.13. High level of stress, work pressure, untimely meals & pollution.Best Solutions by Diet at home1. Consumption of all fibre rich foods,  2. Fruits like guava, orange, mausambi, all berries, pears, cucumber, all whole fruits mainly.3. Plenty of vegetables, eat all gourd family vegetables like bitter gourd, snake gourd, beetroot, carrot, capsicum, spinach, greens as roughage.4. No problems with milk or dairy products but yes, some people are allergic, so watch out for that particular food item. 5. Sufficient water, no stress. Just normal lifestyle.6. Early morning rising & mild exercises7. Should not suffer from chronic constipation.8. No fast/junk foods, unhygienic foods. No rich spicy foods.9. Good nutritive foods, balanced diet, timely eating but no skipping meals, especially breakfast.10. Frequent meals not heavy, but small meals mostly fibre based.11. Take water after 5 minutes of each meal.12. Acne can be improved with the use of any combined oral contraceptive pill at post marriage birth control stage preferably under a doctor’s supervision.13. Most importantly a low-glycemic-index diet is recommended as a dietary method of improving acne.14. Most importantly a low-glycemic index diet is recommended as a dietary method of improving acne & pimples.PrecautionDo not press or squeeze acne or pimples as it will lead to bad looking scars on your face.Prevention is better than cure!

Home Remedies: Blowing Away Pimples Was Never This Easy!

Dr. Amee Daxini, Dermatologist
It is rightly said that ‘Beauty is Power’. And we; especially the youngsters easily lose this power, this confidence to some of the most common skin problems such as Pimples. That avoiding the party, avoiding dates, giving presentation with low confidence etc are some of the problems we usually face due to that small red mark on face. Let’s try to explore and solve this problem with some real life examples.The easiest and fastest cure for me was ‘Toothpaste’!Rahil, a TY student from Gujarat shares his nightmare of having pimple covered face and thus suffering from low self esteem. ‘I stayed in a hostel with a tight study schedule. For me to get any treatment was impossible due to time constraints. That was the time I came across someone who suggested me this most convenient cure of using Toothpaste for pimples.’ One can use any white toothpaste as it contains baking soda, hydrogen peroxide and triclosen that heal pimples. Leave the toothpaste to dry on the skin anywhere from two hours or overnight depending on skin sensitivity. If skin is too sensitive, remove the toothpaste after about 20 minutes. Repeat this about 4 times a week to get effective results.‘The most natural and economical way for me was Aloe Vera’For someone like Tanika; who is a housewife from a middle class background, Aloe Vera proved to be a savior for her pimples. ‘I couldn’t afford expensive creams and treatments for my pimples. That was the time I read about the antibacterial properties of aloe vera gel.’ Magnesium lactate present in Aloe treats the marks, scars and rashes. The astringent of aloe removes excess oil and dirt from the skin to prevent pimples.Lemon juice is easiest available thing!Citric acid in Lemon juice helps to cure the acne and pimples of the skin. It exfoliates the skin and dries the blemish. One can also mix rose water or honey with the lemon juice in case of over sensitive skin as lemon might cause rashes. Just be careful that it should apply only on the pimple and not on surrounding skin. Overnight application gives good results.The simple Pimple Fighter Ice!Ice is one of the best fighters for inflammation. It may temporarily cause redness of skin but it shall shrink the erupted pimple to a great extent. The ice cube should be wrapped in a clean, thin cloth and then applied for about a minute. This shall be repeated twice or thrice a day till the mark reduces.‘Steam detoxified my skin!’Teenager Rahul was a normal child who was an active sportsperson. One very common teenage problem he suffered was pimples. He was treated with steam therapy as his pores of the skin accumulated lot of dirt as children usually don’t apply face wash. This helped him get rid of dirt and bacteria in skin. It is important to apply moisturizer after steam to retain necessary oils of the skin.

10 Simple Tips to Avoid Pimples (Acne)

Dr. Sachin Jadhav, General Surgeon
1. Keep your face clean. Whether or not you have acne, it's important to wash your face twice daily to remove impurities, dead skin cells, and extra oil from your skin's surface. Washing more often than twice daily is not necessarily better; it may do more harm than good. Use warm, not hot, water and a mild facial cleanser. Using a harsh soap (like deodorant body soap) can hurt the already inflamed skin and cause more irritation.Avoid scrubbing your skin harshly with a washcloth, an exfoliating glove, or loofah (a coarse-textured sponge). Gently wash it with a washcloth or a very soft cloth. Always rinse well, and then dry your face with a clean towel. (Toss the towel in the laundry hamper, as dirty towels spread bacteria.) Also, use the washcloth only once before washing.2. Moisturize. Many acne products contain ingredients that dry the skin, so always use a moisturiser that minimises dryness and skin peeling. Look for "noncomedogenic" on the label, which means it should not cause acne. There are moisturisers made for oily, dry, or combination skin.3. Try an over-the-counter acne product. These acne products don't need a prescription. They may have ingredients such as benzoyl peroxide, salicylic acid, glycolic acid, or lactic acid, which curb bacteria and dry your skin. Start with a small amount at first. Then you can adjust how much you use and how often, depending on how much peeling or drying you have. Use these products with caution if you have sensitive skin.4. Use makeup sparingly. During a breakout, avoid wearing foundation, powder, or blush. If you do wear makeup, wash it off at the end of the day. If possible, choose oil-free cosmetics without added dyes and chemicals. Choose makeup that is labelled as "noncomedogenic," meaning it should not cause acne. Read the ingredients list on the product label before buying.5. Watch what you put on your hair. Avoid using fragrances, oils, pomades, or gels on your hair. If they get on your face, they can block your skin's pores and irritate your skin. Use a gentle shampoo and conditioner. Oily hair can add to the oil on your face, so wash your hair often, especially if you're breaking out. Got long hair? Keep it pulled away from your face.6. Keep your hands off your face. Avoid touching your face or propping your cheek or chin on your hands. Not only can you spread bacteria, you can also irritate the already inflamed facial skin. Never pick or pop pimples with your fingers, as it can lead to infection and scarring.7. Stay out of the sun. The sun's ultraviolet rays can increase inflammation and redness, and can cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation (dark discoloration). Some acne medications may make your skin more sensitive to sunlight. Limit your time in the sun, especially between the hours of 10 a.m. and 2 p.m., and wear protective clothing, such as a long-sleeved shirt, pants, and a broad-brimmed hat. Whether you have pimples or not, always apply sunscreen with SPF 30 or higher at least 20 minutes before sun exposure. Look for "noncomedogenic" on the sunscreen label to make new pimples less likely. Read the ingredients on the product label to know what you're putting on your skin.8. Feed your skin. Most experts agree that certain foods, like chocolate, don't cause pimples. Still, it makes sense to avoid greasy food and junk food and add more fresh fruits and vegetables and whole grains to your diet. Dairy products and foods high in processed sugar may trigger acne. Avoid these.9. Exercise daily. Regular exercise is good for your whole body, including your skin. When you exercise, avoid wearing clothing or using exercise equipment that rubs your skin and may cause irritation. Shower or bathe right after exercise.10. Chill! Some studies link stress with the severity of pimples or acne. Ask yourself what's making you feel stressed. Then look for solutions.When in doubt, check with a dermatologist to see if you need more treatment to prevent or stop acne.

Say Goodbye to Acne and Pimples!

Dr. (Lt Cdr) Siddharth Garekar, Dermatologist
Acne is a term used to define a broader category of conditions than pimples. The term is used to define skin diseases that involve sebum, keratinisation and bacteria. The condition varies from very mild acne to severe acne, which usually involves the cystic variety of the condition.As for the percentage of the population affected by acne, this is invariably the most common skin condition that you can suffer from (95% of all people will suffer from this condition at some point of their lives). It is also the most stubborn skin condition in some cases.Let’s take a look at some do’s and don’ts for an acne prone skin.Here’s what not to do when you have acne:1. Over washing – Dirt and oil are not the only reasons for your acne it is multifactorial so excessive washing and cleaning will not only make your skin dry and dull but it also alters the pH of the skin and will make it more prone to breakouts.2. Picking and Squeezing – Touching your face and specifically the areas affected will expose it to more bacteria, and more bacterial exposure can never be good for acne.3. Over the counter products – Using products indiscriminately can play havoc on your skin. Make sure you consult a good dermatologist to find the right products for you.4. Avoiding moisturizer and sunscreen – Avoiding moisturizer and sunscreen is a common habit amongst people suffering from acne which in turn leads to excessive dryness making skin more prone to tanning and acne marks. Consulting your dermatologist will help you find a suitable moisturizer and sunscreen for acne prone skin.Some home remedies to try:1. Apple cider vinegarApple cider vinegar is a powerful antibacterial that alkalises itself, not only that, it is also an astringent that dries up excess oil and makes it difficult for the bacteria to thrive.How to use : Take pure, unfiltered apple cider vinegar and mix one part with three parts water, take the mix on a cotton swab and apply it on the acne/blemish for 10 minutes once in the night daily.2. Cinnamon and Honey MaskHoney is a natural antibiotic and so is cinnamon and both these ingredients when mixed together, have a synergistic effect that helps you control breakouts.How to use : Mix 2 tablespoon of honey and 1 teaspoon of cinnamon to make a paste and apply on the affected area for 15 minutes.3. Orange peel pasteVitamin C is a natural astringent, apart from being that, it also helps in new cell growth and repair and maintenance.How to use : Take two orange peels and mash them in a grinder and make sure you make a thick paste, and apply it on your face for 20-25 minutes.4. Banana peelsBanana peels contain a substance known as lutein, and this is an extremely powerful antioxidant that reduces swelling and inflammation.How to use : Make a banana peel and rub the inside of it in circular motions on the affected areas. Let it sit for 30 minutes or so and then wash.Do you have acne that does not respond to treatment? Have you tried everything and failed? Or do you just want to do the smart thing and get professional help to nip the disease in the bud?

6 Tips to 'Not' Treat Pimples

Dr. Pradnya Shastri, Dermatologist
It was fine day at my clinic and in came a patient, depressed and almost on the brink of tears.Me: So, what's the problem?Patient: Can't you see?I could see! But 'assuming' or even 'guessing' the patients problem has put me in such embarrassing positions (I guess acne and the patients says, no! Itching in the groin!) that I ask the patient to spell out the problem for me at the expense of getting a ' how dumb are you!' look.Me: Okay... so it's your face...Patients: I hate these pimples! I have tried everything and they just don't go away!Now, whenever a patient says, 'I have tried everything', they literally have tried everything! It's alarm bells ringing in my head and in my assistants head at the same time! Patients have gone to the extent of getting a TCA peel from a beautician! FYI, even  dermatologists think twice before using a TCA peel. So you could imagine the damage (permanent at times) that I have seen in patients who have 'been there and done that'.This case wasn't as bad. But it wasn't good either.Me: So what have you done?Patient: I have used Multani Mitti, Besan ka Atta, Garlic and yesterday I used Toothpaste (I cannot disclose the brand!) and now look... it’s all burnt.Me: Yes, I can see that. But tell me (and this is my favourite question of them all), did you go see a dermatologist?Patient: (deafening silence)... no... umm, but I did go to a beauty parlour ...Me: (And when I hear the word beauty parlour I stop listening and start writing the prescription).So far, it had been a fine day for me. Then, it turned into a routine day at my clinic. Different patient, but the same conversation. There are so many ‘expert websites’, which give so many ‘home remedies’ and so many ‘quick fix solutions’, not to forget all those celebrities endorsing ‘skin care in a jiffy creams’,  to treat acne that it is turning into quite a serious affair for us dermatologists to handle. So here is what you should not do if you have pimples:1. Use Home RemediesUsing of Besan Atta scrubs, Multani Mitti packs, Milk mixed with Turmeric powder packs, Sandalwood packs etc won’t be a very smart move on your part. All these make the skin temporarily dry but in the long run they end up irritating your skin and thence causing further damage, even scars (which are permanent).2. Using Fresh fruit extractsPapaya or tomatoes used raw on the face can cause the pH balance of the skin to go awry and cause irritation.3. Using Toothpaste Using toothpaste (any brand for Pete’s sake) is not a quick fix solution no matter what any expert website says! If it were so simple, wouldn’t we just tell people to use their toothpaste (not only to brush their teeth) but as a skin care product! Complete paisa vasool na? But unfortunately, it doesn’t work that way. And fortunately you have a dermatologist that you can go to for pimple treatment advise.4. Visit a beauty parlourBlack head removal is not a ‘simple routine’ procedure. Only an expert eye can know which black heads to pop and which not to! Yes, there are instances where you should just leave them alone and the let the dermatologist prescribed creams clean ‘em out! Unnecessary popping can actually aggravate acne and cause scarring too.  Also, getting chemical peels done at a parlour is a big no – no! Only a trained dermatologist knows what peels are safe and what peels will be effective. Remember, there is a big difference between a beautician and a dermatologist!5. Using creams suggested by your ‘expert’ friendPlease understand that no matter how much you love and believe your friend, they aren’t skin care experts! They might have the best skin in the world but that is because it probably runs in their genes or they might be also visiting a dermatologist for all you know! The creams they use need not necessarily suit your skin type. Every skin is unique. So is yours. Do not share creams at all. Especially  fairness creams and steroid creams (Betamethasone/Mometasone/Fluticasone/Hydrocortisone based creams). I have seen so many patients come to me stating that the pimples started after they had started using these creams! So if you are currently using any such creams  (you can check the ingredients section) please latch them on to a rocket and send them off to Mars.6. Assume all 'Skin Care Clinics' are certified dermatologist run clinicsJust because a clinic or even a person claims to be a dermtologist doesn't make it authentic. Verify the places or the persons credentials. To know more you could check here.Pimples or Acne vulgaris, as we call it in medical terms, is a ‘disease’ of the sebaceous glands of the skin. So what do we do when we hear the word disease? Yes, we go to a doctor. And since we have specialists from every field of science, so do we have Skin Specialists. So don’t waste time doing what you shouldn’t do... use it wisely and do what you should do! Hand over your pimples and worries to your dermatologist! 

Acne (Pimples)

Dr. Salim Khan. , Homeopath
Acne is an inflammatory disease of sebaceous (oil) glands. During puberty, sex hormones speed up the secretion of oil from these glands. Problems begin where there is a build-up of oil in the narrow gland openings or drainage passages in the skin. It is,therefore, important that the perspiration and other coatings clogging the skin pores be washed off. Acne should not be squeezed as it leads to inflammation and scarring.FOUR MAIN TYPES OF ACNE ARE:White Heads: Round white blemishes that form when hair follicles become clogged.Black Heads: Round, dark blemishes that form when white heads reach the skin's surface and touch air.Pimples Red, swollen bumps that form when plugged follicle walls break near the skin's surface.Deep Cysts: Pimples filled with pus that form when plugged follicle walls break deep within the skin.CAUSES AND RISK FACTORS OF ACNE: Acne is a skin condition that occurs when hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells.Androgen Level: Androgen level rise when a human becomes an adolescent. Rising androgen levels make the oil glands under your skin grow; the enlarged gland produces more oil.Excessive sebum can break down cellular walls in your pores, causing bacteria to grow.Genetic Factors: Some studies indicate that a susceptibility to acne could also be genetic.Medication: Some medications that contain androgen and lithium may cause acne. Greasy cosmetics may cause acne in some susceptible people.Pregnancy: Hormone changes during pregnancy may cause acne.Bacteria: Recent research narrates that everyone has acne causing bacteria living on their skin, but researchers at the Washington University School of medicine have identified that there are some "good" and "bad" strains of the bacteria, which determine the frequency and severity of developing pimples.HIGH GI-Diet and diary intake linked to acne: A diet high in glycemic index foods and dairy products is now linked to acne.GENERALIZED  MANAGEMENTWash twice a day and after sweating. Perspiration, especially when wearing a hat or helmet, can make acne worse, so skin should be washed as soon as possible after sweating.Use fingertips to apply a gentle,non-abrasive cleanser. Using a wash cloth, mesh sponge or anything else can irritate the skin.Be gentle with the skin.Use gentle products, such as those that are alcohol-free. Do not use products that irritate skin, which may astringents, toners and exfoliates. Dry, red skin makes acne appear worse.Scrubbing of skin can make acne worse. Avoid the temptation to scrub the skin.Rinse with lukewarm waterShampoo regularly. Oily hair should be washed daily.Let skin heal naturally. Picking, popping or squeezing of acne takes longer to clear and increases the risk of getting acne scars.Keep hands off the face. Touching skin throughout the day can cause flare-up.Stay out of the sun and tanning beds.HOMEOPATHIC MANAGEMENT:Homeopathy treats the person as a whole. It means that homeopathic treatment focuses on the patients as person, as well as his pathological conditions.The homeopathic medicine are selected after a full individualizing examination and case analysis, which includes the medical history of the patient, physical and mental constitution etc.Some homeopathic medicines:ASTERIA RUBENSBELLADONNASULPHURKALI BROANT CRUDNAT MURHEPAR SULPMER SOL

Acne/pimples - Homeopathy Treatment Helps for Pimples / Acne

Dr. D.Senthil Kumar, Homeopath
Question: Respected doctor, I am 26 years old unmarried girl, suffering with pimples for last 5 years, I have taken many treatments but no effect. Why do pimples occur? Is there any treatment in Homeopathy system of medicines?Doctor Answer: Hi Dear, No worries, Homeopathy treatment is helpful. Please find the complete details about acne – pimples below.Acne/Pimples• Acne/Pimples is more common in the age group of 13 - 30 years • But it may occur or persist even beyond this age limit. • Males are more frequently affected than females due to androgen activity.• Females may get a pre-menstrual flare due to the increase in level of a hormone calledProgesterone.What is inside the Acne/PimplesThe skin has minute glands called sebaceous glands which open into the hair follicle. These glands secrete an oily substance called sebum, which empties into the skin surface through the hair follicle. During puberty, the male sex hormones which are normally present both in males and females are on the rise and they activate the sebaceous glands to increase in size, which in turn leads to increase in the secretion of sebum. Secondly, the cells are shed more rapidly and they stick together, plugging the opening of the hair follicle, resulting in 'white heads'. The pigment melanin in the whiteheads when exposed to air, forms black heads. Thirdly, bacteria especially the' propionibacterium acne' in number and add to the formation of acne. When the follicle gets clogged, its wall ruptures. The sebum, bacteria and dead cells escape into the surrounding tissue and lead to formation of more severe form of acne in form of pustules, nodules, abscesses and cysts.Reasons for formation of acne?Acne commonly occurs in people who are genetically predisposed.•  Use of cosmetics such as creams, oil based moisturizers, oil based foundations can cause acne.• Application of heavy oil or gel on the scalp leads to pimples on the back and forehead. • People who work in chemical or oil industries and come in contact with hydrocarbons, heavy oils, and cutting oil, wax, and grease and coal tar derivatives can develop acne. • People working in hot and humid climate can develop acne. • Drugs such as oral contraceptives, steroids, isoniazid, lithium, phenytoin, iodides etc., can cause pimples. • Squeezing or picking at a pre-existing lesion will lead to secondary infection and increased pigmentation. • Stress will exacerbate acne. • Finally, if acne persists in spite of medical treatment or if the patient has other features such as hair loss, an endocrine disorder must be considered and investigations carried out accordingly.What I wants to Do’s and Dont's with acne?1.Wash your face with a mild soap or cold water at least 3-4 times a day. 2. Increase the intake of citrus fruits such as oranges, grapes, lime and lemon and other food stuff which are high in vitamin C and zinc. 3. Drink plenty of water. 4. Do not pick or squeeze the pimples as this causes infection, pigmentation and scarring. 5. Avoid the use of oily cosmetics, cleansing milk and gels. 6. Do not apply excessive hair oil if you have acne over the forehead. 7. Avoid stress factors. 8. Be patient and give medicines some time to act.TreatmentHomeopathic Medicines act very well without any side-effect  For Acne and Pimples, and also as an anti-ageing catalyst.