Articles on skin infection

25 Simple Steps to Prevent Fungal Infections of Skin, Hair and Nails!

Dr. Madhavi Pudi, Dermatologist
1. Keep the scalp clean and dry.2. Do not share hats, combs or brushes with others.3. Children should use their own combs and brushes and should not share with other family members.4. Wear clean clothes every day.5. Make sure your clothes fit correctly, especially underwear, athletic supporters and sports uniforms. 6. Avoid tight fitting clothes, which can rub and chafe your skin and make you more susceptible to jock itch. 8. Wash your hands with soap and water to prevent any infection. 9. Toe nails should be kept short and clean .10. Feet should be dried completely and immediately after bathing.11. Wear clean cotton socks.12. Change your socks and shoes as needed to keep your feet dry.13. The clothing and linen of infected persons should be frequently laundered in hot water to rid them of the fungus.14. Clean sinks, bathtubs and bathroom floors well after using.15. Do not wear thick clothing for long periods of time in warm and humid weather. This makes you sweat more.16. Keep your groin area dry.17. Dry your genital area and inner thighs throughly with a clean towel after showering or exercising. Use powder around your groin area to prevent excess moisture.18. Wearing shoes that are well ventilated and made of natural material such as leather may help prevent fungal infections in the feet. Do not wear plastic lined shoes.19. Do not walk barefoot in public places.20. Wear shower shoes or sandals in warm, damp areas. This includes shower stalls, near swimming pools and locker rooms. This will help in preventing spread of fungal infections.21. By not taking the entire course of anti-fungal medication, resistant fungi may develop that no longer responds to common anti-fungal medication. This has the potential to turn easily treatable infections into serious ones.22. Failure to take the treatment in the proper dosage, or for as long as prescribed, runs the risk that the infection will not be adequately treated, leading to a persistent or recurrent infections.23. Do not let anyone else take your medication, it may harm them even if their symptoms are the same as yours.24. Regular veterinary care is very important and it is recommended that you should wash hands after handling your pets.25. Lastly, do remember to consult your nearby dermatologist, if you suspect any signs of fungal infections on the scalp and body.

Common Skin Problems During Monsoon

Dr. Vaishalee Kirane, Dermatologist
Monsoon showers have arrived to give us respite from the sweltering summer heat and hope the rain Gods bless us with a good rainy season.  At the cost of dampening the lovely monsoon weather spirit, it rests upon us Dermatologists to highlight few skin problems commonly occurring during these rainy months, but hope to end it on a pleasant note by adding some useful skin care tips.Since summer itself, we start experiencing humid and sweaty climate. Skin folds of the body, like in between the toes, being occluded, get subjected to hot, humid and sweaty environment.Additional factors which can aggravate are:Not maintaining proper hygiene like daily baths and regular washing of the feet and keeping them dry. Wearing shoes and socks regularly for many hours subjects the feet to being occluded and to moist, sweaty and warm conditions. Shoes and socks made of non-breathable synthetic material would not absorb the sweat properly and result in sweat retention in the skin of the feet.Wearing tight synthetic clothes will similarly not allow the skin to breathe or the sweat to evaporate. Exposing the hands and feet constantly to water, like in housemaids or farmers. Obesity, Diabetes or other Immuno-compromised conditions, skin-to-skin contact or sharing of clothes with anyone having skin infections will increase the risksSo what problems does the skin show?Skin folds and more commonly the feet suffer from irritation and itchy rash and infections by fungus and/or bacteria. The infection can even spread to others either by skin contact or through shared things.How do we prevent these ?Maintain regular proper hygiene and keep skin fold area dry by using anti-fungal powder to absorb the sweat.Wear open footwear like chappals of breathable material, cotton socks and loose cotton clothes.Treat other medical conditions like diabetes.All afflicted individuals in the family should take treatment at the same time to avoid transferring their infection to one another.Avoid sharing of clothes or towels.Anti-fungal or anti-bacterial medicines prescribed by the Dermatologist need to be followed for the entire course for full resolution of infection and to decrease the risk of recurrence.For problem of excessive sweating, anti-perspirant lotions can be used once the skin heals.So here’s praying for a good monsoon and hoping to also have a healthy good skin.

Top 10 Ways to Keep Fungal Infection at Bay!

Dr. Jolly Shah Kapadia, Dermatologist
Fungal infections of the skin have become a very common and annoying problem.You can catch a fungal skin infection almost anywhere, our hot and humid weather just doesn't help us. Grass, pets, soil, the spores that cause fungal infections of the skin can be found pretty much anywhere.The fungal infection makes you extremely uncomfortable and irritated. It can notoriously itch anytime, anywhere.Some common types of fungal infections are athlete’s foot, jock itch, ringworm that can affect any part of the skin as well as the scalp.Here are some simple measures and day to day care to keep this irritating infection away!Hygiene is important to keep fungal infection at bay. Take bath twice a day with lukewarm water (avoid excessive hot water) and change your inner garments too. Apply plain talcum powder especially in folds of the skin.Keep your private area clean and dry. Do not use irritants to clean the area.Fungal infection is contagious; do not share towels, handkerchief, and inner garments with anyone. Do not share combs, hair brushes too.Use pure cotton clothes as cotton tends to absorb moisture, keeping your body dry. Synthetic fibres tend to cause fungal infection.Wear loose fitting clothes to allow proper air circulation in groin areas and axillae.If you are a gym lover, then change out of your gym clothes right after a workout. Sweaty gear provides a perfect home for fungi and other germs to thrive and grow. Wash exercise clothes after each use. Wear clean clothes before each workout.Alternate your shoes pair every two or three days to give them time to dry out and thereby avoid athlete's footAvoid sugar-rich food and drinks, artificial sweets, etc. fungus/yeast thrives on sugar.If you are diabetic, keep an eye on your blood sugar levels regularly.Eat healthy balanced diet, maintain good haemoglobin and other vital nutrients. Do share this healthfeed with your friends and help them stay healthy too !Let us know if this healthfeed was of help to you!

This Festive Season Keep Your Skin Healthy!

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
During festivals such as Diwali, everyone wants to look good. A healthy skin and glowing skin is always on the wish list of every woman irrespective of her age. And on the other hand it is not always possible to rush to saloon again and again. So, here are some easy tips which can be included this festive season for that ultimate glowy skin.Control on sweets doesn’t mean you have to just completely go off from them. Control the portions while consuming your favourite sweets. The other way could be, you can choose some healthier sweets made of jaggery and cottage cheese. Also avoid sweets that are fried. A lot of sweet intake can cause breakouts on your skinGo strict with fried items majorly in festive season.It will not only make you feel bloated and acidic but will leave your skin looking dull. Better to consume more of fruits and vegetables in order to get nourishing skinSleep well - Pre Diwali card parties usually stretch to late nights. Insufficient sleep causes breakouts, inflammation, allergies. So if you really want a glowing skin in Diwali, take a good amount of sleepHydrate your body by drinking enough fluids such as plain water. This habit of yours will always keep your skin supple and acne freeDon’t skip workout - In the hustle bustle of shopping, social gatherings, we tend to skip the workout regime. Continue with your exercise regime as usual without compromising. It will boost your blood circulation and will keep your skin glowing throughout the dayProtect skin from firecrackers - Most firecrackers have high smoke due to magnesium content. These fumes and particles can settle on your skin and can harm you. If your skin is sensitive, it's always better to wrap a scarf on your face while stepping out

Enjoy a Beach Holiday!!! Skin Care in Summer for Acne Oily Skin

Dr. Prabha Acharya, Dermatologist
The advantage of having oily skin is that you won’t be getting premature wrinkles but controlling the oil can sometimes be a problem. Here are 9 quick tips to keep your skin oil-free throughout the day.The summer months are harsh on all skin types, but oily skin is more prone to pimples and break-outs. Its appearance becomes greasier making it look dull and lifeless. Summer time should be about fun in the sun, beach holidays and warm lazy brunches. Instead, you worry about blemishes and spots caused by sun damage, dust and grime that your oily skin attracts. Instead of damage control at a later date, take charge & learn how to keep your skin oil free with these simple preventive measures.With a few easy changes to your oily skin care routine, you can avoid hot weather-related side effects on your skin:1. Avoid the sun. Enjoy early morning beach activities and in the evening. The summer sun is your skin’s enemy! Not only does being outdoors in the sun hugely increase oil secretion, but you also end up exposing yourself to the harmful effects of UV rays. During the hours of 10 AM – 3 PM, the sun is at its strongest and most damaging, so have fun filled indoor activities with friends.2. Look for a gentle cleanser. Always test your cleanser before you buy and pick one that removes excessive oil without over drying the skin. 3. Wash your face correctly. Washing oily skin is tricky business as too little can spell disaster with an onslaught of spots while too much can strip your skin of its natural oils. Your T-zone most likely needs frequent washing while your cheeks tend to dry up, so being selective is key. Blotting papers can help you soak up the excess oil in problem areas without over stripping the moisture.4. Invest in a good sunscreen lotion. A water based matte sunscreen is a good choice for oily skin as it helps keep your face shine free and gives you the protection you need. Look for at least SPF 30++ for the best sunscreen effect!5. Go minimal on makeup. While it may feel like you can’t live without your foundation, in summers its best to keep it natural. Foundation and compact powders not only make you look older, but also clog pores. Even the best of foundations for oily skin will get runny when you perspire and adding extra products will only make your skin more prone to pimples. Instead, stick to tinted moisturizers or concealers and use water-based ones.6. Hydrate well. Drink plenty of water and juices so you are hydrated internally. Make sure you moisturise often with a water-based product to keep your skin supple. Whatever the formula, make sure your sunscreen and moisturiser contains oil-reducing salicylic or glycolicacid7. Watch what you eat. Vitamin A rich vegetables like carrots, spinach and so on help slow oil production. Go easy on the alcohol, spicy and fried food as they all dilate blood vessels and compound your oily skin woes. If you are tempted, limit yourself to one drink a night,and eat spicy foods no more than once a week.8. Give your skin some TLC. The best thing about summer skin care are all the fragrant fruity facials. Do your skin a favor and exfoliate with a delicious natural scrub once a week. Make a  cooling, oil-absorbing mask and pamper your skin silly.9. You can also try making a homemade scrub from honey and sugar. This scrub helps exfoliate skin naturally & moisturizes it as well. Be advised not to use any scrub on your face often, as it may dry out your face skin which is not a good thing.

Taking Care of That Excess Skin

Dr. Harikiran Chekuri
Losing weight is an achievement indeed. You need to put in a lot of effort to reduce that extra flab from your body. But weight loss can be disappointing at times, when you see loose skin hanging around your body which is nearly impossible to get rid of. It’s like winning a war but losing a battle. However there are solutions to this.Here are some very useful but easy tips that can help you to find an answer to that excess skin.Don’t lose much – Yes, you’ve got that right, don’t lose too much weight at one go. Let your body get adjusted to your weight loss regime. This will help your skin retain its elasticity and not shrink rapidly. Take the suggestion of a specialist who can guide you into a perfect weight loss plan that won’t allow your skin to lose its elasticity.Keep your skin hydrated – Drink a lot of water. At least drinking minimum 6 glasses of water is a must. If you can drink more, it’s always better. This allows your skin to remain hydrated and tight. So while you are on your weight loss spree, make sure you drink a plenty or water to prevent the lose skin.Take up weight training – Weight training at least thrice weekly helps building an extra layer of muscles underneath your skin. It is very important if you are on a strict diet. Losing fat from your body often leads to loosening the layer of muscle underneath your skin. Having an extra padding of muscles will restrain sagging skin. Thus, you will never have those ugly sagging skins even after you shed weight drastically.Moisturize your skin – Apply lot of moisturizer that contains Vitamin E. This helps in skin toning and regeneration of new skin cells. You may also use recommended fruit oils or Coconut oils for massaging your skin as well. This will not only tighten up loose skin but also keep the wrinkles away.Belly toning exercise – Most of the sagging skin can be seen around your belly, hips and waist. Hence, it is important to go for belly toning exercises like crunches, air biking, leg rising, sit ups, side bridges and pelvic thrust. These are easy to do workouts that take only 15-20 minutes to perform. Have them in your workout list for at list three to five days of the week.Massage – Get a massage weekly or bi-weekly. This will help in proper blood circulation and add a glow of youth to your skin. You will feel relaxed as your muscles and skin gets toned. Consult a professional and pamper yourself with great body massage.However, the loose skin greatly depends on the individual and may take time to heal. Sometimes even after trying out everything, you fail to get rid of those hanging skin bags. This calls for cosmetic surgery that can help you to get rid of unwanted skin bags completely. Look out for an expert aesthetic surgeon around you for further guidance and assistance.

7 Mistakes Men Make With Their Skin

Dr. Puneet Goyal, Dermatologist
This guy is using products. Are you? In the face of such daunting skin care complexity, a lot of us throw in the towel. “Soap and water are all I need for my skin,” we say gruffly with a bravado we think conveys a devil-may-care masculinity but secretly just masks a deep fear of the unknown world of skin care.As a result, we tend to continue with the skin-destroying, wrinkle-creating practices — too many harsh soaps, not enough sunscreen, and basic neglect — we’ve been repeating because we don’t know better.Such skin care calamities could be avoided if only more of us would man up and ask a question we probably didn’t ask our dads growing up: What mistakes am I making with my skin care?1. Not using any products at allA lot of guys might say, “I don’t want to spend as much time on my skin as my wife does.” The notion of having to spend a lot of time slathering product on your skin before going out or going to bed might make some men recoil — or worse, remind them of Christian Bale’s grooming-obsessed character in American Psycho.But skin care doesn’t have to be a medicine-cabinet-clogging ritual (nor does it make you a serial killer). “At the bare minimum, everyone, including men, can get away with just three products: a cleanser, a sunscreen, and a treatment product for whatever your [skin] problem is,” says Baumann. “That’s the bare minimum. Just put the cleanser in the shower and use it whenever you’re bathing. Put the sunscreen next to your toothbrush and slap it on in the morning. And then use your skin treatment at night. That’s not a lot of time, and you’ll get great results.” 2. Not knowing what kind of skin you haveThe first step in taking care of your skin is knowing what type of skin you have. As beneficial as starting a skin care regimen can be, the wrong kind of care for your skin type might result in damage, not benefits.“Sometimes people are really oily, so they need cleansers that help take that oil off the skin and prevent the pores from getting clogged,” says Baumann. “Other people don’t have enough oil and their skin doesn’t hold onto water properly, so they need more of a creamy cleanser that would deposit moisturizers on the skin.”To see what kind of skin you have and what type of products you should be looking for, you may need some professional help. “Of course I’m biased,” admits Baumann, “But I think [men] should go to the dermatologist and get diagnosed what their skin type is.”3. Washing face with just any soapNot all soaps are created equal, especially when your face is concerned. But Baumann says many of her male patients ignore that fact.“[Men] are not usually very interested in all the different subtleties of skin care and all the different choices,” she says. “So a lot of times they’ll just use whatever soaps they have in their shower to wash their face.”Baumann says that’s a bad call because many popular soaps are harsh on the face. “If it’s Ivory or Irish Spring or Dial or one of those antibacterial ones that a lot of guys use, those are really drying and really irritating to your skin,” she says. (And if you’re using Lava soap, it’s a wonder you even have a face left.) “If your skin’s dry and has inflammation, that can speed up aging and cause other issues,” Baumann continues. “Sometimes acne and things like that can be caused by using the wrong soap on your face.”So once you identify whatever issues your facial skin may have, be sure to use the right cleanser.“If you have acne, you need a cleanser that’s going to kill the bacteria that causes acne,” says Baumann. “If you have rosacea, which is redness, you need an anti-inflammatory cleanser. That choice of cleanser is so important. If you’re just using your shampoo or your body soap or whatever, you’re missing that opportunity to do something good for your skin.”4. Not using a daily SPFFor too many men, sunscreens are for occasional use only — maybe for those days at the beach or those long hikes.That’s not good enough. To protect your skin from sun damage, Baumann recommends incorporating sunscreen into your daily ritual.“The sunscreen should be something that goes next to your toothbrush that you put on every single day no matter what,” she says. “I suggest using a daily SPF instead of a moisturizer.”If protection against ultraviolet radiation and skin cancer isn’t enough to get you to use sunscreen, there are plenty of other unsightly problems that a good sunscreen will guard against. “The yucky-looking brown discoloration you get on your skin — they’re called SK, or seborrheic keratosis,” Baumann says. “They’re those brown things that look like you could pick them off. People who are in the sun a lot get them. Sunscreen will prevent the SKs, the wrinkles, and, of course, skin cancer.”How do you go about choosing the right sunscreen? “Look for a light one that is gel- or lotion-based and avoid those with dimethicone, which makes SPF feel slimy,” Baumann recommends. “If your [skin is] dry, it’s easier to find a good sunscreen because a lot of them are moisturizing. If you’re oily, it’s a little bit more challenging. You should look for a gel.”5. Not using retinoids at night“When you see dermatologists and we have good skin, that’s why — it’s because of the retinoids,” says Baumann. “Retinoids do so many good things.”Dermatologists may swear by retinoids (vitamin-A-based skin care products), but a lot of guys still don’t know about them. That’s unfortunate, because Baumann says they work miracles: preventing wrinkles, sagging, and dark spots.Related: 5 Cosmetic Procedures Most Guys Don’t Know About“[Retinoids] turn on good genes and turn off bad genes,” Baumann says. “They’ll turn on genes that protect your skin from skin cancer, aging, acne, and brown spots. And they’ll turn off genes that break down cellular components like collagen that makes the skin strong.”Retinoids themselves are sun-sensitive, which is why you should put them on at night. (They do not, however, make your skin sensitive to the sun, as popular myths contend.) If you’re going to introduce retinoids to your nightly skin care routine, it’s best to do so gradually. “You have to start really slowly, like every third night for the first couple of weeks,” Baumann says. “Then every other night after a couple weeks, then eventually every night.”But the results, Baumann promises, are worth it. “I’ve been a doctor for 19 years,” she points out. “My patients who have used retinoids look younger than they did 19 years ago. The ones who don’t use it look 19 years older!”6. Shaving on dry skinYes, you might be in a hurry. Still, shaving your skin dry is an all-around bad idea. “You end up getting nicks,” says Baumann. She recommends shaving in the shower after five minutes of warm water exposure.“All that warm water kind of swells the skin a tiny bit,” she says. “So when you shave, you’re not getting quite as close to the roots of the hair. A shave that close can lead to ingrown hairs. Also [when your skin is wet], you get a better glide so the blade doesn’t catch on the skin cells. So you don’t end up with those little nicks.”7. Not using hand creamDon’t think you can walk around with dry, scaly hands and women won’t notice. News flash, they do! “We don’t like it when you shake someone’s hand and their hand’s really rough,“ says Baumann. “Men never think to put on moisturizer, especially when they wash their hands a lot.”She recommends that guys always have a moisturizer handy — in their pockets, in their bags, or in their cars — for use as needed. The result: marked improvement in your hand-to-hand contact. “Using a hand cream after washing hands can make such a difference,” she says. “As a woman, I always notice when a man has soft hands.”And if you follow these tips, chances are the rest of your well-maintained skin won’t go unnoticed either.Suggested products: “I like Cetaphil cream or CeraVe,” says Baumann. “Give it five minutes to soak in and it won’t feel slimy.”