A muscular dystrophy is a group of muscle disease that results in an increasing weakening and breakdown of skeletal muscle over time. Muscular dystrophy is caused by a mutation in the gene that encodes "427-KDa".

Types of muscular dystrophy:

1) Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD)

2) Becker muscular dystrophy

3) Myotonic dystrophy

4) Limb-girdle muscular dystrophy

5) Facioscapulohumeral dystrophy

6) Congenital MD

7) Oculopharyngeal MD

DMD is the most common type

  • The disease results from a defect in protein present in muscle fiber k/as Dystrophin
  • Males are the victim, females are the carrier
  • Gower's sign is an important symptom
  • Other symptoms-poor balance, scoliosis, progressive inability to walk, waddling gait, calf deformation, limited ROM, respiratory difficulty
  • No cure for any form of muscular dystrophy

Physiotherapy can play an important role:

  • Physiotherapy helps slow the depression of range of motion.
  • Muscle strength 
  • Activity daily living
  • Work to improve gait pattern/ posture
  • Stretching - can be a combination of active and passive stretches
  • Cope up with muscle extensibility and muscle contracture