Articles on hygiene

10 Things You Should Know About Your Infant’s Oral Hygiene

Dr. Anuradha Mallya, Dentist
Most infants start developing teeth only by the age of six months, but it is important to care for their oral hygiene from the beginning. Cleaning of the baby's gums soon after birth, should be incorporated in their daily hygiene chores. Though the babies can be a little finicky in the beginning, they begin to enjoy the feeling of a clean mouth, just like a clean body and it also helps develop the habit for life. Wipe your infant’s gums or teeth,especially along the gum line, with a soft cloth after breast or bottle feeding - Dental plaque (which contains microorganisms) forms not only on teeth but also on the gum pads and tongue. This needs to be cleaned off so that the mouth is germ free. This also helps prevent fungal infections, which are seen in cases of lack of oral hygiene in infants.Avoid putting your infant to bed with a bottle or sipper cup containing anything other than water - This prevents pooling of liquids in the mouth undisturbed for a long period of time, which is the prime cause of Early Childhood Caries.Avoid saliva-sharing behaviors, such as kissing the baby on the mouth, sharing a spoon when tasting baby food, cleaning a dropped pacifier by mouth or wiping the baby’s mouth with a cloth moistened with saliva. For older children, avoid the sharing of straws, cups or utensils - Such acts can result in transfer of microorganisms from adults to children which can cause infections in general, as well as dental decay.Use a bottle or sipper cup between meals containing only water - A gap of 4hrs between meals is recommended for remineralisation of the enamel following demineralisation which occurs during meals.Begin weaning children from at-will bottle and sipper cup use (such as in an effort to pacify a child’s behavior) by about 12 months of age.Choose fresh fruit rather than fruit juice to meet the recommended daily fruit intake - fresh fruit contains fibre which is healthier than juice as well as acts as a cleansing agent for teeth. Also fruit is less retentive on teeth as compared to juice.Brush your child’s teeth using a pea-sized amount of toothpaste, especially before bedtime. Children older than 2 should use fluoride toothpaste; children younger than 2 should use a smear of fluoride toothpaste on the brush only if they are at moderate to high risk of developing caries. Take care that the children avoid swallowing the toothpaste as over-toxicity of fluoride from toothpaste can lead to bone deformities.Help your child brush their teeth until they are about 7 years old. Teeth brushing involves a certain amount of dexterity which develops well only by the age of 7.Regularly lift the lip and look in your child’s mouth for white or brown spots on the teeth.The first dental visit should be done when the child is 1 year of age or when the first tooth erupts. This helps evaluate if there are any risk factors for decay and helps correct it before it becomes too late.Baby teeth eventually fall out when their permanent/adult counterparts erupt. But baby teeth are most important because they keep space for the permanent teeth and fall off when the permanent one is ready to erupt. Hence early removal of baby teeth can cause the permanent teeth to erupt out of line. Also baby teeth play an important role in your child’s overall health, development, and well-being. They help in speech development and assist in providing good nutrition to the child through proper chewing. So, set a good example and care for your infant's teeth.

Tips for Good Oral Hygiene!

Dr. Babita Sangwan, Dentist
What is Good Oral Hygiene? Good oral hygiene results in a mouth that looks and smells healthy. This means:   Your teeth are clean and free of debris Gums are pink and do not hurt or bleed when you brush or floss Bad breath is not a constant problem Symptoms of bad Oral condition: If your gums do hurt. bleed while brushing or flossing. you are experiencing persistent bad breath.Any of the above symptoms means it's time to see your dentist. Any of these conditions may indicate a problem. Your dentist or hygienist can help you learn good oral hygiene techniques and can help point out areas of your mouth that may require extra attention during brushing and flossing.  How is Good Oral Hygiene Practiced? Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums. Healthy teeth not only enable you to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly. Good oral health is important to your overall well-being. Daily preventive care, including proper brushing and flossing, will help stop problems before they develop and is much less painful, expensive, and worrisome than treating conditions that have been allowed to progress. There are simple steps that each of us can take to greatly decrease the risk of developing tooth decay, gum disease and other dental problems. These include:   Brushing thoroughly twice a day and flossing daily Eating a balanced diet and limiting snacks between meals Using dental products that contain fluoride, including toothpaste Rinsing with a fluoride mouth rinse if your dentist tells you to Making sure that your children under 12 drink fluoridated water or take a fluoride supplement if they live in a non-fluoridated area. In between regular visits to the dentist.Proper Brushing Technique:Tilt the brush at a 45° angle against the gumline and sweep or roll the brush away from the gumline. Gently brush the outside, inside and chewing surface of each tooth using short back-and-forth strokes. Gently brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen breath.  Proper Flossing Technique -Use about 18" of floss, leaving an inch or two to work with. Gently follow the curves of your teeth. Be sure to clean beneath the gumline, but avoid snapping the floss on the gums.

3 Quick Tips for Oral Hygiene

Dr. Shylaja.S.Prasad, Dentist
If you haven't had your teeth cleaned in the last 3 to 6 months you could be spreading infection to the rest of your body. Please prevent oral systemic health issues by getting your teeth cleaned regularly from your dentist.Stay Healthy And Save Money With Preventative Dental CareYES, WE ALL LIVE ON BUDGETS, right? When life throws us a curve ball, it can be tempting to postpone our dental treatments. Resist that temptation! There’s a better way to save money and stay healthy: A Preventative Dental Care Plan.Part 1: Do Your Part At HomeAll you need is a toothbrush, some dental floss, and five minutes of your day. Thorough daily brushing and flossing removes bacteria and sugar in your mouth and helps to prevent tooth decay. This is the most important part of your new preventative care plan and only you can do it!Part 2: Don’t Skip Your Dental VisitsLet us help you! Deep cleanings from our team can reach those areas you can’t—such as below the gums—and can help fight plaque and other dental demons. Regular maintenance appointments are less expensive than restorative work.Part 3: Fix Problems EarlyMany people admit that they only visit the dentist when they feel something is wrong. If you don’t wait until it’s too late, your visit can be comfortable and convenient. By keeping your regular checkups we can catch and address possible issues while they’re still small.Your Preventative Plan May Be A Life SaverBy following your plan you can better protect yourself from major issues down the road. Some studies even indicate that neglecting your oral health may lead to other health issues including cardiovascular problems and diabetes. Faithfully following your “Preventative Dental Care Plan” helps keep you healthy.Questions?Let us know if you have any questions about your at-home oral care techniques. You can ask questions below or stop by our Facebook page to send us a direct message.Thank you for being our patients and friends!

Importance Oral Hygiene During Pregnancy

Dr. Gaurav Goel, Dentist
Many women are concerned about caring for their teeth during Pregnancy or have heard that pregnancy causes damage to teeth. An attempt here has been made to give some important information regarding maintenance of dental health during pregnancy.Before pregnancy:It is important to establish good oral hygiene so that when you become pregnant you will have minimum problems. Also, recent research has shown that pregnant women with gum problems are more prone to give birth to low birth weight pre-mature babies.Brush twice a day with a soft toothbrush and toothpaste to remove Plaque (sticky film of bacteria) which damages your gums and teeth.Visit your Dentist for a regular check up and cleaning.Get all your dental treatment done as during pregnancy dental treatment can be tiring and many dental procedures are often avoided.During pregnancy:Pregnancy involves lots of hormonal changes. Due to this gums become soft and spongy and tend to bleed easily if proper oral hygiene is not maintained.Maintain a good oral hygiene by means of brushing, flossing, mouthwashes etc;Frequent snacking: this is commonly seen during pregnancy. Frequent snacks and drinks especially sweet ones can lead to tooth decay. Switch over to snacks that are low in sugar, fat & salt and high in fiber content. Drinks such as water and milk are recommended. Rinse your mouth with water if you can’t brush after every snack.Importance of Calcium: Calcium is very important for your baby’s teeth. During fourth month of pregnancy your baby’s teeth and bones begin to calcify. The calcium and phosphorous needed for this comes from the food you eat and if necessary from your bones. These minerals are best obtained by eating more dairy foods. Milk and milk products are excellent sources of calcium. Choose those products that are low in fat and sugar. In case you don’t prefer these consult your doctor or dietician for other substitutes. He/she may also advise you calcium supplements.Dental procedures: Certain antibiotics like Tetracycline can cause damage to your baby’s developing teeth. So it’s very important that you inform your Dental Surgeon about your pregnancy. This also ensures that your doctor will then carry out all dental procedures with caution and necessary safety measures. Visit your dentist for a regular check up and cleaning.There is a common myth ‘One tooth is lost with every Pregnancy’. Pregnancy in itself does not cause dental decay. If good oral hygiene is maintained by you and the advice given here is followed there is no reason why you should have any dental problems during pregnancy.  

Importance of Childhood Oral Hygiene & the Role of Parents

Dr. Nishi Tandon, Dentist
The foundation for healthy permanent teeth in children and teenagers is laid during the first years of life. Poor diet, poor habits of food intake and inadequate tooth brushing habits during the first 2 years of life have been are directly  related to tooth decay in children. The development of caries in primary/milk teeth further increases the risk of developing caries in permanent teeth.Therefore, it is essential to establish a proper oral hygiene routine in the early years to help ensure the development of strong and healthy teeth. Parents should set a daily routine and  help their children understand the importance of oral hygiene. Tooth brushing should be presented as a habit and an integral part of the daily hygiene routine. Children are very sensitive to social stimuli such as praise and affection, and learn best by imitating their parents.Importance of the primary/Milk dentitionMilk teeth start to erupt in children from the age of six months. The primary dentition is complete by approximately two and a half years of age. The milk teeth are more susceptible to caries as it is less densely mineralized than  permanent teeth . Primary teeth play an important role both for chewing and learning to talk.   A full set of teeth is an essential prerequisite in learning correct pronunciation. Primary teeth also play a vital role in the proper alignment and spacing of permanent teeth; it is therefore imperative that they are well cared for and preserved until normal shedding takes place. In addition to good oral hygiene, diet also plays a key role in keeping teeth healthy. In this respect it is not only the quantity of sugar that is important, but also the frequency of consumption. As much as possible, children should be limited in the amount of sweets between meals, especially in the evening or at night.Role of ParentsParents play a key role in helping their children to develop a proper oral hygiene routine in the first years of their life. Parents should  supervise their children’s tooth brushing approximately for the first 12 years, until motor and sensory functions allow the child to routinely perform a proper tooth brushing technique independently. After brushing the teeth for their children for the first 2 years of life, parents will have to use playful motivation to encourage their children to brush their own teeth from about 3 years onwards – the time when children want to brush their teeth alone. parents have to continue supervising the regular brushing efforts of their children. Primary teeth should be brushed twice daily by the parents .

Insomnia & Sleep Hygiene

Dr. Suhasini Das, Psychiatrist
Sleep is an important component of our daily activities. It not only provides rest to our conscious mind, it is also the 'repair-time' for the body. Adequate sleep is essential for optimal functioning of the mind and body, especially those tasks that involve our cognitive resources like attention and concentration, learning and memory. Newborn infants can spend 16 to 18 hours per day in sleeping in early months of growth which decrease to 6 to 8 hours per day over years. However, with increasing studies, work pressure and responsibilities, we somewhere end up compromising on our sleep which then can have long term effects. Insomnia or difficulty in initiating or maintaining sleep is a common sleep disorder that is encountered very frequently. It can lead to daytime drowsiness, irregular sleep patterns, difficulty in attention and concentration, irritability, use of alcohol to fall asleep, night-time eating behaviours and overall decrease performance and productivity.Insomnia can be the primary disorder or it can be the manifestation of underlying psychiatric illness like depression (most common), anxiety disorders like generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, schizophrenia or due to substance use like alcohol, cannabis, cocaine etc. At times, insomnia can be due to certain medical conditions too.What is sleep hygiene?Sleep hygiene basically means doing activities that will help in maintaining sound sleep and full daytime alertness. Before starting any medication for insomnia, it is important that we have a good sleep hygiene. Some of the tips are mentioned below:DOs:Maintain regular sleep timingsMaintain regular exercise schedule Give yourself an hour to wind up before going to bedIf you are preoccupied with something, write it down on a paper and deal with in the morningKeep the bedroom quiet, dark and comfortable.DON'Ts:Avoid afternoon napsExercise just before sleep to wear yourself outEat heavy meal just before sleepDrink coffee or tea at nightSmoke cigarettesWatch television or laptop if you cannot get sleepUse alcohol to fall asleepEat in bedTalk on the phoneWatch the clock If all the above points are followed meticulously, you will notice a significant improvement in your insomnia. If however, your insomnia is chronic or lasting more than 1 month, it is advised that you seek professional help rather than self-medicating. It is also advised not take any sleeping pills without recommendation of doctor as side-effects like drowsiness, dependency, rebound irritability can develop on long-term use without proper guidance. 

How to Make Sure You Get Adequate Sleep by Following "Sleep Hygiene"

Dr. Anjendra R Targe, Psychiatrist
We all know the importance of sleep. Increasing amount of research shows how lack of sleep impacts physical & mental health. Sleep deprived persons are more likely to commit mistakes at work, be irritable, prone to accidents. Sleep deprivation can lead to adverse cognitive effects, with poor academic performance, forgetfulness, indecisiveness, and subsequently can lead to chronic problems like Depression, Obesity, Diabetes, Hypertension, Hypercholesterolemia, and so on. Chronic sleep deprivation also leads to decreased immunity resulting in frequent episodes of sickness (e.g., flu, digestive problems)To make sure you keep this modern day scourge of Insomnia away, practice what is called as "Sleep Hygiene" by practicing the following simple steps.Your bed should be used only for sleeping, and not for eating, watching television, surfing on the internet, and the likes.The room should be sufficiently dark to augment the process of natural production of melatonin in your body (which happens at night, and light disrupts it, and hence the circadian rhythm).Sleep in soft, comfortable clothing.Avoid daytime napping, if you have problems with sleep at night.Avoid stimulants such as  caffeine, nicotine after 5pm.Alcohol, which is a CNS depressant may lead you to mistakenly believe that it aids sleep. The fact is that although alcohol may lead you into a sleepy state, it actually disturbs the sleep architecture, thus resulting in poor quality of sleep.Exercise promotes sleep. But avoid heavy workouts in late evenings.Avoid slipping into the bed right after your dinner. Allow yourselves at least a 2 window between dinner and the time you hit the sack.Your dinner should be something moderately light, with minimum sugars, but not too light to wake you up with hunger at midnight.Avoid watching/reading anything that is stimulating to the brain, such as, horror shows, melancholic reads, graphic novels.Light soothing music and books can be helpful.Sexual activity also aids sleep.Try and keep your sleeping and waking hours fixed.If you're not able to sleep, don't keep lying in the bed and try and force yourself to sleep. That never helps. Instead, get up, and read something light, write in your diary, or some such activity, before you back for another attempt at sleep.If you have problems with sleep, do not go to sleep with thoughts like, 'will i get some sleep tonight', or 'If I don't get enough sleep tonight, my day tomorrow will be ruined'. These thoughts end up negatively reinforcing insomnia.Lastly do not ever take OTC sleeping pills. Also if you're on any sleep inducing meds, kindly be sure to consult with your prescribing Sleep specialist/Psychiatrist on a regular basis.

6 Simple Tips to Help You Sleep Better

Dr. Era S. Dutta, Psychiatrist
Insomnia is a leading cause of stress amongst most working-class population. It affects mood, work quality, and your overall well-being. If lately you find yourself not sleeping well and are experiencing all of the above mentioned things then here are a few simple tips that you should try- 1. Identify the causeThis is the first and foremost step for solving any problem. Try to ask yourself some basic questions like- Is there something on your mind which is bothering you now more than earlier? e.g. Stress can often make you feel anxious and make it difficult for you to fall sleep.2. Tire yourself out physicallyIt is good to regularly practice some form of physical activity during the day e.g. exercise, yoga, etc. It helps you to fall asleep more easily. It also helps you to get better quality of sleep.3. Do not go to bed on an empty stomach It is essential to keep your nutrition up to the mark and never go to bed on an empty stomach. 4. Do not worry about not being able to sleepIt has been scientifically shown that worrying about not being able to sleep actually worsens a person's ability to sleep. People tend to make themselves more nervous about not being able to sleep for adequate hours. By doing so they are more likely to stay awake. It is a vicious circle.5. NO MOBILE PHONES IN BED!You can read a magazine or a book, but the light from the smartphones affects your ability to sleep properly.6. No clock-watchingDo not keep checking the time every few minutes.If despite following these basic steps of sleep hygiene you are unable to get sound sleep, it is best to consult with a psychiatrist who will guide you and help you with curing your insomnia.