An allergy is the hyper immune reaction of a person to some proteins in our environment, such as those found in pets, dust mites, pollens, food proteins which are normally harmless to most people. In other words the immune system of an allergic person is hypersensitive to some substances whereas the same substances does not put any impact on the immune system of a normal person when exposed to. In our daily life, we are exposed to a lot of foreign substances in the form of chemicals, pollutants, dust, viruses, pollens, some food proteins which act as an antigen or allergens. Those antigens or allergens when enters inside body our immune cells recognize them and eliminate them out. Our immune cells like T cells (Tlymphocyte) and B cells (B lymphocytes) play the major role to perform this task. In a normal person when those antigen or allergen enter inside the body the immune system eliminates them without reacting anyway, but an allergic person of hypersensitive immune system reacts to those substances vigorously. A person of hypersensitive immune system, the B cells induces the inflammatory tissue reaction called allergic reaction when comes in contact to those antigens or allergens. The B cells of a sensitized immune system when detect any such foreign protein or antigen produce certain substances called IgE antibody.
In our body there are some cells called mast cells. Those mast cells contain some granules called histamine and heparin. Around the surface of mast cells, numerous receptor are found called FC receptors to which the IgE antibody binds. When any allergen invade the body the B cell identifies the invader and produces antibodies IgE those flows and attach with the FC receptor of mast cell surface. The antigen or allergen further binds with those IgE antibodies over mast cell surface. This way of antigen and antibody fixation stimulate the mast cell to releases the histamine content around the tissues. Those histamines when comes in contact to the surrounding tissue binds to the histamine receptors present over the tissue surface and starts developing allergic reactions. The symptoms of sneezing, runny nose, redness and itching of eyes, nose are nothing but the outcomes result of histamine and tissue reaction.
So here the conventional treatment helps to check the allergic symptoms by blocking the histamine receptor so the histamine cannot find the space to bind the tissue surface so the allergic reaction does not take place. But those medications give a short term effect of few hours. Again when the person is exposed to those allergens, they start developing same symptoms and need the same medication again to stop the reaction. As we have to live in the same environment so it is quite difficult to keep away us from those allergens at all.
So for a long term curative treatment, it is required to rectify the hypersensitiveness nature of the immune system of the allergic person so that he will not react adversely even when exposing to the same allergens which he was reacting earlier.
The homeopathy medicines help in this regard by rectifying or modifying the sensitive nature of the immune system of allergic persons. It is because homeopathy medicines are not only selected from the clinical symptoms of any disease but also from the physical, mental, psychological and emotional features of a person for selection of medicines so it give impact on all systems of the body including immune system. That’s the way it helps to modify the hypersensitive nature & immune system of an individual to perform normal way like a healthy person. Homeopathy treatment for allergy gives wonderful result to the patients to prevent as well as cure the allergic constitution permanently.