Am I completely out of my mind to literally call "shit" as "not shit"? The end product of our body which we get relieved off every morning is the excretion of our digestive system. We have seen people following cows while grazing for dung in India. The utility of cow dung is something we know is indisputable in India.Is there any value to human feces?Has human shit become a priceless thing for just about?Is it like kidneys for some who need a renal transplant?Has it got as important as heart patient waiting for a donor?It was Joshua Lederberg who coined the term ‘microbiota' the forgotten organ of the body. This breakthrough led to many scientific conclusions, making us believe that it is the gut which thinks like a brain. The relationship between gut flora and humans is not merely commensal (a non-harmful coexistence), but rather is a mutualistic, symbiotic relationship. The microorganisms perform a host of useful functions, such as fermenting unused food matter, training the immune system via end products of metabolism, preventing growth of harmful species, regulating the development of the gut, producing vitamins for the host (such as biotin and vitamin K), and producing hormones to direct the host to store fats.Immunity The natural commensals of the human gut are the bacteria which maintain the equilibrium between the good and bad ones in our intestines. They provide the template antigens for the immunity in our body. When we are frail, there is a dramatic fall in the gut flora. Healthy gut flora is becoming a marker of good health. The symbiotic relationship between a mammalian host and its gut flora has a significant impact on shaping the host's immunity. The immune system and bacteria engage in "crosstalk", exchanging chemical signals. This permits the immune system to recognize the types of bacteria that are harmful to the host and combat them while allowing the helpful bacteria to carry out their functions. A newborn gets the intestinal commensals from the mother's milk and some of it comes from the exposure to the external environment and their own feces. This early colonization helps to show the symbiotic microbiome inside early in its life. The bacteria are also able to stimulate lymphoid tissue associated with the bowel mucosa. This enables the tissue to produce antibodies for pathogens that may enter the gut.Diarrhea Gut flora maintains a proportion in the gut milieu. The balance helps us in fighting diseases like diarrhea. The good organisms decide the friendlier environment of the gut. Most of the trivial diarrhea episodes can go with a tablet of good bugs available in the marketplace. Pre and probiotics are the ones which create a good atmosphere for the wellness.Irritable bowel syndromeIn layman terms, the storm of disturbance in the gut does not settle in this disease. Illness revolves around the bowel disturbance. The tyranny of frequent visits and no relief continues. The pain can go by creating a good friendlier environment in the gut. Insulin resistance in type 2 DiabetesThe root cause of diabetes is insulin resistance which manifests in darkening of the neck, skin tags and the poor metabolic parameters in the conformation of the poor lipid profile with more of triglycerides and lowering the good cholesterol the HDL. The blood pressure goes up and the chances and the risk of having a future heart attack also increases. Research has proved that the gut bacteria are responsible for the upkeep of the insulin sensitivity. Gut decides the insulin sensitivity and governs the disease. Asthma, allergy, some cancers are the illnesses triggered by our deranged immunity and we can touch on it by creating a disease curing atmosphere in our gut. Extensive modification and imbalances of the gut microbiota and its microbial or gene collection are related to obesity. Good bacteria can be a solution for curing obesity. Where to grow good bacteria? Gut microflora is principally composed of three bacteria: Prevotella, Bacteroides, and Ruminococcus. There is an affiliation between each bacteria and dirt. For example, Prevotella is related to carbohydrates and simple bread, while Bacteroides is associated with proteins, amino acids, and saturated fats. One organism will dominate depending on the diet. Intestinal milieu changes in diet. Trillions of bacteria reside in harmony in out the gut.They make 60% of our stools. Frail, ill people have less of the colonies and are more prone to suffer. The best source is the milk and the milk products. Yogurt is a fertile source of lactobacillus lacti. Yeast is also a supplier of the bad bashing bacteria cabbage, cauliflower, beans, bananas and many plants and fruits are a good source of these good bugs for the gut. There are plenty of nonpharmaceutical products in the market in the form of nutritional supplements which are known to increase the good gut factors. Drugs delivering the good ones are also available. What should we do to protect gut- Avoid taking antibiotics irrationally Take antibiotics under supervision of a doctor Get the full course as advised Self-medication could be life-threatening. The physician should also think twice for prescribing antibiotics for trivial matters.Is the there anything like fecal transplantation?Like cow dung , human feces from a healthy individual has been used as a drug for those who are ill. This is in its preliminary stages. This also reassures the benefit of having good gut flora for a healthy body.