Articles on gastrointestinal tract

Why Feces Isn’t Shit: The Brain in Your Gut

Dr. Sachin Chittawar, Endocrinologist
Am I completely out of my mind to literally call "shit" as "not shit"? The end product of our body which we get relieved off every morning is the excretion of our digestive system. We have seen people following cows while grazing for dung in India. The utility of cow dung is something we know is indisputable in India.Is there any value to human feces?Has human shit become a priceless thing for just about?Is it like kidneys for some who need a renal transplant?Has it got as important as heart patient waiting for a donor?It was Joshua Lederberg  who coined the term ‘microbiota'  the forgotten organ of the body. This breakthrough led to many scientific conclusions, making us believe that it is the gut which thinks like a brain. The relationship between gut flora and humans is not merely commensal (a non-harmful coexistence), but rather is a mutualistic, symbiotic relationship. The microorganisms perform a host of useful functions, such as fermenting unused food matter, training the immune system via end products of metabolism, preventing growth of harmful species, regulating the development of the gut, producing vitamins for the host (such as biotin and vitamin K), and producing hormones to direct the host to store fats.Immunity The natural commensals of the human gut are the bacteria which maintain the equilibrium between the good and bad ones in our intestines. They provide the template antigens for the immunity in our body. When we are frail, there is a dramatic fall in the gut flora. Healthy gut flora is becoming a marker of good health. The symbiotic relationship between a mammalian host and its gut flora has a significant impact on shaping the host's immunity. The immune system and bacteria engage in "crosstalk", exchanging chemical signals. This permits the immune system to recognize the types of bacteria that are harmful to the host and combat them while allowing the helpful bacteria to carry out their functions. A newborn gets the intestinal commensals from the mother's milk and some of it comes from the exposure to the external environment and their own feces. This early colonization helps to show the symbiotic microbiome inside early in its life. The bacteria are also able to stimulate lymphoid tissue associated with the bowel mucosa. This enables the tissue to produce antibodies for pathogens that may enter the gut.Diarrhea Gut flora maintains a proportion in the gut milieu. The balance helps us in fighting diseases like diarrhea. The good organisms decide the friendlier environment of the gut. Most of the trivial diarrhea episodes can go with a tablet of good bugs available in the marketplace. Pre and probiotics are the ones which create a good atmosphere for the wellness.Irritable bowel syndromeIn layman terms, the storm of disturbance in the gut does not settle in this disease. Illness revolves around the bowel disturbance. The tyranny of frequent visits and no relief continues. The pain can go by creating a good friendlier environment in the gut. Insulin resistance in type 2 DiabetesThe root cause of diabetes is insulin resistance which manifests in darkening of the neck, skin tags and the poor metabolic parameters in the conformation of the poor lipid profile with more of triglycerides and lowering the good cholesterol the HDL. The blood pressure goes up and the chances and the risk of having a future heart attack also increases. Research has proved that the gut bacteria are responsible for the upkeep of the insulin sensitivity. Gut decides the insulin sensitivity and governs the disease. Asthma, allergy, some cancers are the illnesses triggered by our deranged immunity and we can touch on it by creating a disease curing atmosphere in our gut. Extensive modification and imbalances of the gut microbiota and its microbial or gene collection are related to obesity. Good bacteria can be  a solution for curing obesity. Where to grow good bacteria? Gut microflora is principally composed of three bacteria: Prevotella, Bacteroides, and Ruminococcus. There is an affiliation between each bacteria and dirt. For example, Prevotella is related to carbohydrates and simple bread, while Bacteroides is associated with proteins, amino acids, and saturated fats. One organism will dominate depending on the diet. Intestinal milieu changes in diet. Trillions of bacteria reside in harmony in out the gut.They make 60% of our stools. Frail, ill people have less of the colonies and are more prone to suffer.  The best source is the milk and the milk products. Yogurt is a fertile source of lactobacillus lacti. Yeast is also a supplier of the bad bashing bacteria cabbage, cauliflower, beans, bananas and many plants and fruits are a good source of these good bugs for the gut. There are plenty of nonpharmaceutical products in the market in the form of nutritional supplements which are known to increase the good gut factors. Drugs delivering the good ones are also available. What should we do to protect gut- Avoid taking antibiotics irrationally Take antibiotics under supervision of a doctor Get the full course as advised Self-medication could be life-threatening. The physician should also think twice for prescribing antibiotics for trivial matters.Is the there anything like fecal transplantation?Like cow dung , human feces from a healthy individual has been used as a drug for those who are ill. This is in its preliminary stages. This also reassures the benefit of having good gut flora for a healthy body.

What Ayurveda Says About Irritable Bowel Syndrome (Ibs) ?

Dr. Payal Khandelwal, Ayurveda
Rogaschaharasambhava !As aptly mentioned in Ayurveda, faulty dietary habits lead to diseases of Gastro-intestinal (GI) origin. Today's sedentary lifestyle & stress further aggravates the problem. Statistically speaking Gastro-intestinal disorders constitute about 60-65% of clinical cases and show both psychosomatic symptoms (related to both body & mind).Causative factors for all Gastro-intestinaI disorders as per Ayurveda - Physical causesIrregular meal timingsIntake of food in indigestionIntake of food without feeling hungryIntake of contra-indicated food like fruits & milk, fish & milk etcIntake of food late nightExcess consumption of waterEating over-hurriedlyOver fastingRegular intake of heavy to digest foodIntake of stale food / refrigerated foodRegular intake of spicy, oily, fermented & preserved foodExcess intake of tea , coffeeHabit of sleeping immediately post lunchSmoking, drinking, excess intake of non-veg foodHolding up natural urges like urine , bowels or vomit and eating Stress physically/ mentally Staying awake at night, disturbed sleepIrregular & sedentary lifestyleLack of proper hygieneMental causes Feelings of Stress, fear, sorrow, grief , AnxietyAll the above factors over a period of time develop into GI disordersSymptoms of Irritable Bowel syndrome Abdominal pain or cramping relieved by emptying your bowelsA change in bowel habits such as diarrhoea, constipation or sometimes bothBloating / swelling of abdomenExcessive gasAn urgent need to go to toiletA feeling that you need to open your bowels even if you have just been to the toiletA feeling that you have not fully emptied your bowelDiarrhea or constipation — sometimes alternating bouts of constipation and diarrheaMucus in the stoolSymptoms that may indicate a more serious condition include:Rectal bleedingAbdominal pain that progresses or occurs at nightWeight lossLine of treatment in AyurvedaRasayana (rejuvenating drugs) are used for treatment of GI disorders which have following benefits:Improve blood circulation to GI tractRejuvenation of cells of GI tractIt causes proper secretion of digestive juices & helps to improve appetite & digestionIncreases immunity of GI tract thus preventing from diseasesPrevention from complications & recurrence of disease itselfLifestyle management through AyurvedaEat light to digest food & freshly cooked foodEat only when hungryAvoid long intervals between two meals Eat fresh fruits & vegetables everydayInclude old rice / jowar, moongdal, bittergourd, pumpkin, pomegranate, gooseberry, pudina, turmeric, coriander, cumin seeds , hing (asafoetida), coconut, rocksalt, cow ghee, cow milk, fresh buttermilk in daily food to prevent GI diseasesDrink little lukewarm water after meals..it aids proper digestion of food.Walk slowly for 15-20 min after every meal. It aids digestion of food.Excercise for 30 min daily.Practice yogasan like :Dhanurasana, Shavasana, Matsyasana, Pavanmuktasana, Halasana, Suryanamaskar etc for IBS, constipation etc.Ardhamatsyendrasana, Mayurasana, Trikonasana, Dhanurasana, Bhujangasana, Halasana, Usthrasana - Overall GI healthDont'sAvoid extremely hot & spicy foodAvoid excess drinking of tea, coffee etc.Avoid excess physical or mental stress & negative attitudeAvoid sedentary & irregular lifestyleAvoid alcohol, smoking etcAvoid excess drinking of water in morning especiallyAvoid sleeping in the afternoon & staying awake till late night.Ayurveda defines "Health" as a state of complete physical, mental & social well-being and not merely absence of diseases or infirmity. Ayurveda is and will remain committed to providing complete health. Gastro-intestinal disorders are commonly found and considered to be easily curable. But if not treated on time can lead to several complications. Ayurveda has the potential to treat the root cause of all these diseases instead of just giving symptomatic treatment. 

Childhood Urinary Tract Infection

Dr. Anish Kumar Gupta, Andrologist
By the time a child is 5 years old, about 8 percent of girls and 1 - 2 percent of boys have had a urinary tract infection (UTI). Bacteria are not normally found in urine. UTIs are more common in girls than boys. Infections are more common in the urethra and bladder, which make up the lower part of the urinary tract. Infections that move up to the kidneys can be more serious. If left untreated, these infections have a risk of leading to kidney failure.Signs and SymptomsSigns of UTI may be difficult to assess in young not toilet trained children.Pain, or burning when urinatingFrequent urination or feeling an increased urge to urinate, even without producing urineFoul-smelling urine that may look cloudy or contain bloodFeverLow back pain or pain in the area of the bladderDiagnosis and TreatmentA sample of urine will be taken for examination. Older children will most often be asked to urinate in a sterile container. Babies and small children in diapers may need a catheter (tube) to collect urine. The catheter keeps the sample from being contaminated by bacteria on the skin. The type of bacteria found may help decide the best drug to treat the UTI, usually antibiotics. It is important to give your child all the antibiotic course, even if he or she is feeling better. Most UTIs will be cured within a week if treated properly. The child should be urged to drink plenty of fluids. If a child has more than one UTI or has fever along with symptoms of UTI, he or she should see a Urologist. A Urologist will see if anything is abnormal in the child’s urinary tract. A common problem causing UTIs in children is a backwards flow of urine,  condition known as VUR.PreventionFrequent diaper changes can help prevent UTIs in babies and small children.When children start toilet training, it is important to teach them good bathroom habits. After each bowel movement, children should wipe from front to rear — not rear to front. When feeling the urge to urinate, children should also avoid “holding it” if they can reach a bathroom. Urine remaining in the bladder gives bacteria a good place to grow.If in doubt, consult a pediatrician or a urologist immediately. 

Hemorrhoids - the Bleeding Devil in Your Body

Dr. Deepak Rathi, Ayurveda
Hemorrhoids (Piles)  are one of the most common condition to affect humans, having been mentioned many centuries ago. The first descriptions of problems associated with hemorrhoids are found in the Bible, and the occupation of proctology apparently was established then as well.If you have hemorrhoids, you are not alone. They are a common problem. In fact, hemorrhoidal tissues are a natural part of the body. Most of the time you do not notice them as they help during bowel movements. But if these tissues become swollen or inflamed, they can cause uncomfortable symptoms.The good news is that hemorrhoids can be treated.What are Hemorrhoids (Piles)Hemorrhoids - commonly known as piles - are swollen blood vessels (veins) which develop inside and/or outside the anus. They are felt as lumps around and inside the anus . The lumps are formed by increased pressure on blood vessels in the area, causing them to enlarge and swell. If they become infected, they can cause bleeding, pain and discomfort and require medical attention.Causes of Hemorrhoids (Piles)The exact cause of piles is not known. One theory is that it is due to weakness of the tissues that connects the anal cushions to the muscle layers underneath. Due to this weakness, the anal cushions slide out of their normal place and down the back passage.You have an increased risk of getting piles if you: Have Constipation – this is the most common cause which leads to straining during defecation. Straining leads to pressure on blood vessels causing them to swell, elongate and slide down the anal opening. Eat a low-fibre diet- Lack of dietary fibre can cause hard stools, constipation and straining. Spend too much time in the toilet and holding the urge when you have to go. Have long-lasting (chronic) diarrhoea.Are pregnant - due to the effect of hormones on the blood vessels, plus the increasing weight of the baby within your abdomen. Are Overweight.Lift heavy weights. Have a family history of piles. Have cancer or growths in your pelvis or bowel, which may put pressure on your abdomen. Old age- Ageing reduces the efficiency of the circulation.Types of Hemorrhoids (Piles)There are two types of hemorrhoids: Internal hemorrhoids - these occur inside the anus - Usually painless External hemorrhoids - these appear outside the anus - may become painfulHemorrhoids are also classified by the Degree of prolapse (dropping outside the anus), their size and if they are infected : GRADE I - hemorrhoids bleeds but do not prolapse (do not come outside the anus while passing stools) GRADE II - hemorrhoids prolapse on straining and then reduce by itself (go back inside the anus by itself) GRADE III - hemorrhoids prolapse on straining and do not reduce by itself and may require manual reduction (have to push it back inside the anus by using your fingers) GRADE IV - prolapsed hemorrhoids are trapped outside the anus and may become strangulated, infected and painful.Symptoms of HemorrhoidsBright red blood spots in the toilet or on the toilet paper. Heavy bleeding during defecation (During Passing Stools) Itching and discomfort around the anus. Feeling of a lump or mass near the anus which may be painful or painless. Discharge around the anus and soiling of clothes. Pain while passing stools and after passing stools. Feeling of incomplete evacuation of your bowels.The most frequent complaint in true Hemorrhoid is Painless bleeding, which usually appears early in the course of the disease. See your doctor if you have blood in your stool. Hemorrhoids could be the problem, but bloody stool could also be a symptom of something far more serious, like colon cancer. ComplicationsIf Hemorrhoids are ignored and no treatment is given to cure them, they can lead to- Iron Deficiency Anaemia (from heavy bleeding) Weakness Prolapse of whole hemorrhoidal tissue outside the anus.How a diagnosis is madeIn most cases, diagnosis is easily made by a thorough history taking and on physical examination by your doctor. In advanced cases some tests may be required like Anoscopy (Proctoscopy) , Sigmoidoscopy and Colonoscopy.It is never a good idea to diagnose the condition yourself. Always consult an Expert.Treatment Options Multifold approach is essential for correct treatment of existing condition and to prevent the recurrence. This includes: Lifestyle Modifications Oral medication: as prescribed by your doctor. These can be used to temporarily treat small bleeding piles. Analgesics: For temporary relief, if pain is present. Laxatives: to keep the bowel clear. Oral medicines: to regularise digestive system and to enhance healing. Topical treatment (Creams and Ointments): as prescribed by your doctor (Avoid prolonged use) Herbal Medicines (Ayurvedic Medicines): Ayurvedic Medicines are very effective treating hemorrhoids. Very effective control in bleeding and pain can be achieved through medicines. Cold pack applied to anal area Hot sitz bath in tub for 20-30 minutes twice daily. Kshar Sutra Therapy: This is the best treatment available for hemorrhoids, anal fistula, anal fissure and pilonidal sinus. By this technique, Kshar Sutra is placed right at the root of hemorrhoidal tissue and the whole hemorrhoid is ligated with Kshar Sutra. Blood supply to the existing hemorrhoid is cut off and hemorrhoid will shed off after some days. Kshar Sutra that is placed at the root of hemorrhoid will help to prevent the recurrence of the disease. Surgery : Many kind of surgical techniques are present Sclerotherapy (Injection Therapy): Sclerotherapy is a popular form of hemorrhoid treatment whereby a chemical agent is injected into the hemorrhoid to cause it to shrink and go away. Rubber Band Ligation- A rubber band is placed on the haemorrhoid so as to cut off the blood supply and shedding off the hemorrhoid Infra Red Coagulation- Infra red rays are used to kill hemorrhoids Cryosurgery – Very low temperature is used to shrink the hemorrhoids Surgical Excision – Hemorrhoids are cut off using a knife. Stapler surgery – Used in rectal prolapse And Many more.....Keep in mind that your treatment differ depending on your symptoms and the location of your hemorrhoid. 

Panchkarma- a Natural Way to Detoxify Your Body.

Dr. Piyush Hasmukh Sikotra, Ayurveda
What is Panchkarma? Why Detoxification is needed?Panchakarma is the Ayurvedic art of detoxification, purification, and rejuvenation. It is a powerful way to address the root cause of disease and has been used for thousands of years as a method for staying healthy, young, and vital.Pancha Karma is unlike any other detoxification program because it is fundamentally designed to remove a different form of toxin. While many toxins exist in our environment which accumulate and harm our bodies, Ayurvedic Pancha Karma addresses a special toxin called 'ama' which is formed within our own bodies. Ama is the by-product of inadequate digestion. It has the qualities of stickiness and heaviness. In our bodies it clogs our systems and damages our tissues. It is among the most damaging of forces in our bodies and contributes to disease.Here is an analogy to help you understand how ama is formed: Imagine that there is a fire inside your stomach. Think of a campfire. If the fire is weak, it cannot burn up the wood put on it. Instead, the wood smolders and begins to smoke. In the end, charred bits are left and the wood is not efficiently turned into ash.Poor digestive fire, or digestive strength, leads to food being improperly digested. This results in gas, bloating, burning indigestion, or constipation. In addition, a residue of this poorly digested food accumulates in your digestive tract and overflows into your bodily systems. This residue is called ama.Ayurveda links the occurrence of ama in the body and a weak digestive system to the cause of such chronic conditions such as candida, chronic fatigue syndrome, migraine headaches, chronic respiratory disease and many other conditions. The process of Pancha Karma removes ama and clears the way for the body to re-establish an internal state of balance and harmony.Ama may be present in the body if there is a coating on the tongue. A normal tongue appears pink throughout, but as ama accumulates in the digestive system, the tongue may appear with a white, yellow, green or gray film over it. In addition, in some cases the body and breath develop a strong odor and the stool becomes dense and sinks to the bottom of the toilet. (According to Ayurveda, the normal stool should float). If you have any of these signs, panchakarma treatment may be indicated.In addition, Panchakarma has a profound effect on stabilizing the mind and emotions, restoring mental calm, helping to clear out and overcome deep seated unresolved emotion. This paves the way for becoming reunited with the pure essence of Being and union with the Divine. In our fast-paced world it’s easy to lose balance. Do you experience any of the following symptoms of imbalance? Your body and mind may need a re-adjustment to align with nature and let go of the past.Fat accumulationRestlessnessLymphatic congestionPoor digestionSluggishnessHeavy energyGas/constipation/bloatedInsomniaAnxietyFatigueFearBig Reasons why people generally get out of balance:Physical body is extremely tired- Adrenal FatigueEmotional blocks or imbalances- upset, angerMental exhaustion- worrying, unresolved emotions or old memoriesIn this detox program we combine Ayurvedic cleansing therapies, specialized detox diet, Ayurvedic herbs as well as specialized rejuvenation treatments to detox the body, mind and soul. Its purpose is to prolong life by removing physical impurities from your body, while also clearing your mind of negative thoughts and energy. It’s a great cleanse on this planet.Are you in search for some method to help you bring your body back into balance that works? If you said “Yes”, then Panchakarma may be a good personal retreat program for you.If you wish to schedule an appointment, please call at +919967577035, we will be happy to explain more about panchakarma and help you determine if panchakarma or Ayurveda is right for you.

3 Things You Must Do to Treat and Prevent Urinary Tract Infections

Dr. Himani Gupta, Gynecologist/Obstetrician
The phrase urinary tract infection conjures up spectres of pain, burning, fever, irritation and sometimes bleeding- a veritable nightmare for today’s multitasking woman. Catching and treating UTIs at the earliest (apart from avoiding them altogether!) are your best bet for avoiding long-drawn out health complications.Get Pill-osophicalThe quickest and most effective means of dealing with UTIs is to get medical treatment. A course of antibiotics is prescribed to stop the infection-causing bacteria in their (urinary) tracks and to prevent a relapse. Though effective, these antibiotics tend to have side effects like acidity ,metallic taste in mouth diarrhoea, loss of appetite etc. Some people may be allergic to a particular drug and may develop rashes and itching. If you experience any of the above, seek medical assistance.Beat the Pain-demicWear non-restrictive and loose clothing that won’t put pressure on your abdomen. There are specific bladder analgesics (pain killer) tablets available.Ask your doctor to prescribe them to you.Paging Dr. NatureTaking the antibiotic to kill the bacteria and increasing fluid intake to flush them out go hand in hand. Fluid intake thus becomes very important. Drinking water, green tea, and cranberry juice will cleanse and rid the urinary tract of any bacterial remnants. A U-Turn on UTIsMany women especially college going and working ones, will experience recurrent urinary tract infection. Therefore, drink plenty of water, empty your bladder frequently, wash and wipe yourself after using the bathroom. You can ask your doctor to prescribe you pH balanced medicated feminine wash for regular use.At times investigations of urine like routine microscopy, culture & sensitivity testing to know type of bacteria are done. Checking blood for haemoglobin and sugar levels also is done.Prevention is far better than any known cure. So stay hydrated, let it go, and allow your bladder to do its job!

Blood in Stool

Dr. Kumar Parth, Gastroenterologist
Blood in the stool means there is bleeding somewhere in your digestive tract. It may be a local bleed or may be bleeding from digestive tract (stomach, small/Large bowel) Bleeding may be associated with / without pain.Common diseases which accounts for bleeding have been summarize below with their presentations.PILES (HEMORRHOIDS) – One of the most common causes for lower Gastrointestinal bleed.Presentation: Most of them are painless and often seen following passage of stool with quantity ranging from 2ml -100 ml /day.Causes:  Most common – following constipation (passage of hard stool), during pregnancy,drug induced. Generally happens due to swelling of blood vessels (veins) along the anal canal and erosion to that leads to bleeding.Most of the early piles are managed by medicines, but once get chronic (recurrent attacks) may need surgical cure.FISSURE –IN –ANO – A small cut or tear in the tissue lining the anus similar to the cracks that occur in chapped lips or a paper cut.Presentation: Always be associated with pain while passage of stool.Bleeding is not much as seen in Piles (Generally stool is blood stained, with few drops of blood following passage of stool.Causes: Passage of hard stool, following constipation, during pregnancy, prolong immobilization(Bed ridden patients, local injury.Generally get cured with medicines and lifestyle modifications, may need surgical cure when becomes chronic/severe pain with bleeding.FISTULA-IN-ANO - An ano-rectal fistula (Fistula-in-Ano) is an abnormal communication between the anus and the Peri-anal skin.Causes: Anal canal glands situated in anal canal afford a path for infecting organisms to reach the intramuscular spaces. Fistulas can occur spontaneously or secondary to a Peri-anal (or Peri-rectal) abscess.Presentations: Mucus/ pus discharge from inside of anus or from surrounding skin of anus,associated with / without painDIVERTICULAR DISEASE- Diverticula are small pouches that project from the colon wall. Usually diverticula don't cause problems, but sometimes they can bleed or become infected, then require surgical care.COLITIS  - Inflammation of the colon.Among the more common causes are infections or inflammatory bowel disease (Autoimmune causes), namely Ulcerative colitis /Crohns diseases.Managed with Immuno-suppressant medicines, but may require surgery when gets complicated / cancerous changes.POLYPS:These are out pouching of mucosa of anal canal, when get eroded with hard stool causes bleeding. Polyps may be simple or may be cancerous.CANCERS OF ANAL CANAL: Mostly seen after age of forty. May present with active bleeding (mostly painless) or present as occult bleeding (patient presents with Anemia (low hemoglobin), and on stool examination shows presence of RBCs (blood cells). Few patients present  as recent  onset of constipation, particularly who didn’t had constipation before.Basic Evaluation Needed: Local examination of area by Physician, Chemical Tests of stool for Occult (Hidden) bleeding, Colonoscopy (scope passed from anus up to junction of small and large bowel to see entire colon and part of small intestine. Scanning (CT Scan/MRI) may be helpful following colonoscopy if suspicion of cancer arises.Courtesy: Dr. Kumar Parth(MBBS; MNAMS; FMAS; FAIS; FACRSI  (Colo-Rectal Surgery)DNB; FSGE (Surgical Gastroenterology)Consultant Surgical Gastroenterologist (Bangalore), drkparth9@gmail.com, WWW.DRPARTHGASTRO.COM

Probiotics for Weight Loss

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Our digestive system has over 500 different types of bacteria living in it which are responsible for the health of our intestines and assist in digesting food. We suffer from digestive disorders when the balance of these bacterias in the intestines is disturbed. This could be due to any number of reasons like an infection or side effect of taking a medicine etc. Probiotics are touted as the next big health trend that can help manage your gut better. Probiotics are used as natural substitute for these digestive bacteria and help improve and maintain the health of the intestines when the current equilibrium is disturbed.The largest group of probiotic bacteria in the intestine is lactic acid bacteria, of which Lactobacillus acidophilus, is naturally found in yogurt with live cultures. Yeast is also a probiotic substance. But only certain types of bacteria or yeast (called strains) have been shown to work in the digestive tract.Lately probiotics foods are being promoted in the market. The reason behind adding probiotics in the food product is just to make it a healthy and intestine friendly product because it aids in digestion and also keep intestines healthy. Another benefit of going for Probiotics that it even boosts the body’s ability to burn fat and could play a role in treating and preventing obesity.Effect on Weight LossAs in 2010 in one of the study, the improvement in fat percentage was observed in some of the individuals who were kept on probiotic foods. The findings also included a decrease in body weight, body mass index, waist size and hip size by almost 2 percent each. In a different study published in 2011 by the "Annual Review of Nutrition", differences were found in the gut bacteria of lean and obese individuals. Study data suggested an inverse correlation between the amount of gut bacteria and the presence of fat and other disorders - greater number of bacteria are associated with less development of body fat, diabetes and low-level inflammation associated with obesity.Probiotics and Weight LossThe mind-body connection comes into play, too. If your gut is not working, you might feel temperamental and crave food that make you feel happy which may or may not be healthy. Resorting to comfort food may get you in serious weight trouble in the long term. Studies have shown that a healthy gut often equates to a happier person and the person feels less depressed, therefore making it easier for a happy person to lose weight and avoid temptation.Probiotics play an important role in food metabolism and are involved in the absorption of most nutrients in the small intestine and in the processing of undigested food in the large intestine. The large intestine completes digestion by absorbing additional nutrients, producing vitamins and creating waste products. Probiotics can help to maintain the levels of healthy bacteria in the gut to optimize the function of the digestive system, especially in overweight and obese individuals.The state of your digestive tract acts reflects your overall health. Keeping it balanced will keep your body and mind in shape. Whether you want to lose weight or improve your overall health, eating foods rich in beneficial bacteria or taking probiotic foods can give you great results.

Bowel Motion After Food Is It Normal?? Why Am I Constipated?

Dr. Maruthesh Gowda, Bariatric Surgeon
Quite a lot of people seek help complaining of having to go to toilet immediately after food. They induce inself-medication to prevent it mostly in the form of acidity medications. They worry they have problem of absorption/digestion. While one simple answer is its not serious.Unless you loose weight significantly then there is no problem with absorption or digestion.If you observe children then you will get the solution. Most children, when they are small go to toilet immediately after food and as adults we tell its wrong and over the time they stop doing it.Sensation to go toilet after eating food is normal. Its called Gastro-Colic reflux. When one eats food and stomach gets distended sensation is sent to brain to let it know there is new food in stomach and its going to need space. Normally brain makes space by emptying any waste in the colon which is from the food consumed day before so it in-turn sends signal to colon to empty waste. But as adults we train our body to ignore the signal and wait for appropriate time and place, and with time it stops sending the signal unless its absolutely necessary.In people who are facing the problem the Gastro-Colic reflux is exacerbated that’s all and we need persistently retrain our body if we wish to do so.One can be assured the motion which goes out is never the food that was consumed few hours ago. Its waste from the food consumed day before.What are the remedies for constipation?For one pass motion normally one shouldEat enough fiber: This is readily available in all fruits, vegetables and green leaves. Drink at least 3 liters of water/ dayExercise: One should not expect their intestines to be mobile if they lack physical activity. Exercise does not mean gym it could be simple walking. One should avoid medicines till above three natural requirements are met. Only if you done all the above and still constipated then you should use medicines. It is best to avoid medicines as otherwise to open bowels you will need medicine and any long term usage of medicine is not recommeneded.