What are the ACL and Meniscus injuries?
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL), it is one of the four primary ligaments in the knee. The anterior cruciate ligament is responsible for avoiding the shinbone from sliding forward and connects the front of the shinbone to the back of the thighbone.
Most ACL injuries are literally non-contact injuries. ACL injuries are most common in the knee.
The meniscus is articular cartilage in the knee joint that acts as a shock safeguard for the knee. Injuries to the meniscus can be the result of a direct blow to the knee, such as a traumatic injury or from degeneration.
What are the common causes of ACL and Meniscus injuries?
These types of injuries are common in athletes, who play sports such as soccer, football, skiing and basketball. Here are some common causes of ACL and Meniscus injuries given below:
- Single leg landings and pivoting
- Previously torn ACL
- A direct blow to the outside of the leg
What are the symptoms of ACL and Meniscus Injuries?
People who experience an ACL tear often report the same sequence of the following knee symptoms:
- Immediate swelling after the injury
- Feeling a pop at the time of knee injury
- Deep pain in the knee
- Restricted range of motion
- Due to the bleeding within the knee joint, the knee may feel warm to touch
- The knee feels like it is giving out
What’s the treatment for a meniscus and an ACL injury?
Treatment for the ACL and meniscus injuries depends upon the size and location of the injury. Other factors which are taken into consideration include activity level, age and related injuries. Not all ACL and Meniscus injuries require surgery, if your knee is stable, locking up and symptoms resolve, then non-surgical treatment may be sufficient. To speed up the recovery, you can:
- Use crutch to help relives the pain
- Ice your knee to reduce swelling and pain
- Use an elastic bandage on your knee to control swelling
- Take an anti-inflammatory medication
- Avoid running and jumping activities