Speech Language Pathologist is an Allied Health Professional who deals with rehabilitation of the following skills 

  1. Swallowing - eating liquids and solids through mouth without the help of Tube.  
  2. Communication - understanding and expression of needs and information through any way.
  3. Cognition - use of attention, concentration, perception, memory, problem solving, organization for every day functioning. 
  4. Language - Use of speaking and understanding speech for communication. 
  5. Reading - Understanding the written text for communication, education, and occupation 
  6. Writing - Using text for communication, education and occupation
  7. Speech - Using speaking for communication of everyday needs 
  8. Voice - Right tone, right volume and pleasant quality of voice while speaking 
  9. Fluency - Smooth flow while speaking and no stammering
  10. Articulation - Pronunciation of speech sounds for communication
  11. Resonance - Speaking in nose for only m as in Mad, n as in nine and ng as in Mango
  12. Prosody -  Speaking with correct ups and downs in speech or having lively speech

These may be affected in following conditions: 

Neurological Conditions: Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, Parkinson's Disease, Other progressive and non progressive neurological conditions 

Head and Neck Cancer: cancer of tongue, jaw, mouth, voice box or any others

Developmental Disorders: Global developmental delay, cerebral palsy, autism, ADHD, Sensory deficits like hearing impairment, Mental Retardation, Learning Disability, etc

Anatomical deviance: Tongue tie, Cleft lip and palate, post surgical rehabilitation 

And other syndromes and disorders which may affect voice, articulation, speech, language, cognition and communication.  

A Speech Language Pathologist works in Acute Care Hospitals, Outpatient, Schools, Rehabilitation clinics and Community centers

Rehabilitation is focused on improving personal, educational, occupational and social quality of life (QOL)