Speech Language Pathologist is an Allied Health Professional who deals with rehabilitation of the following skills
- Swallowing - eating liquids and solids through mouth without the help of Tube.
- Communication - understanding and expression of needs and information through any way.
- Cognition - use of attention, concentration, perception, memory, problem solving, organization for every day functioning.
- Language - Use of speaking and understanding speech for communication.
- Reading - Understanding the written text for communication, education, and occupation
- Writing - Using text for communication, education and occupation
- Speech - Using speaking for communication of everyday needs
- Voice - Right tone, right volume and pleasant quality of voice while speaking
- Fluency - Smooth flow while speaking and no stammering
- Articulation - Pronunciation of speech sounds for communication
- Resonance - Speaking in nose for only m as in Mad, n as in nine and ng as in Mango
- Prosody - Speaking with correct ups and downs in speech or having lively speech
These may be affected in following conditions:
Neurological Conditions: Stroke, Traumatic Brain Injury, Parkinson's Disease, Other progressive and non progressive neurological conditions
Head and Neck Cancer: cancer of tongue, jaw, mouth, voice box or any others
Developmental Disorders: Global developmental delay, cerebral palsy, autism, ADHD, Sensory deficits like hearing impairment, Mental Retardation, Learning Disability, etc
Anatomical deviance: Tongue tie, Cleft lip and palate, post surgical rehabilitation
And other syndromes and disorders which may affect voice, articulation, speech, language, cognition and communication.
A Speech Language Pathologist works in Acute Care Hospitals, Outpatient, Schools, Rehabilitation clinics and Community centers.
Rehabilitation is focused on improving personal, educational, occupational and social quality of life (QOL).