What is dizziness, vertigo and disequilibrium?

Dizziness, vertigo and disequilibrium are common symptoms and most of us have experienced momentary symptoms. They are all symptoms that can result from a dysfunction of the balance organs of the inner ear or brain and pathways connecting brain to inner ear.

  • Dizziness is a sensation of lightheadedness, faintness, or unsteadiness. It can be caused by heart disease, brain related causes like stroke, prolong illness, psychological issues, side effect of certain medications, blood pressure fluctuations and many other conditions. Neck stiffness, pain and weakness can also cause dizziness called Cervicogenic dizziness or Cervical Vertigo. 
  • Vertigo has a rotational, spinning component, and is the perception of movement, either of the self or surrounding objects. Its a common symptom in inner ear disorders. Some of the conditions that cause vertigo are: BPPV or Positional Vertigo, Meniere's, Labrynthitis, Vestibular Migraines, Vestibular neuritis, mal de barquement syndrome, perilymph fistula, toxicity of ears due to certain antibiotics, acoustic neuroma etc. 
  • Disequilibrium means unsteadiness, imbalance, or loss of equilibrium. It can occur as a primary symptom or along with vertigo and dizziness. Vestibular Rehabilitation, specialized treatment for the neck, Balance re training etc. depending on the cause of problem can help decrease these symptoms and get back normal function. Consult a Physiotherapist specialized in Balance and Vestibular Therapy for detailed evaluation and treatment,