Obesity is the common growing health problem.It is due to unorganised way of living,taking food,strees,lack of physical work & much common among the people of the middle-higher socioeconomic status.
Etiology of obesity according to ayurveda:- i)अचिन्त्यं-Not thinking much.
ii)दिवास्वाप-Sleeping at day time. iii)हर्षनित्यम-Always enjoying happiness
iv)स्लेष्मज आहार विहार सेवन-Diet & life-style which causes increase in the fatty tissues.
v)अतिसंपूर्ण-Excessive intake of food which is difficult to digest.
vi)अव्यायाम-Lack of exercise.
vii)बीजस्वभाव-Hereditory.Effects on health:-Excessive body
weight is associated with different diseases like-i)Cardiovascular diseases, ii)diabetes, iii)obstructive sleep apnea, iv)certain types of cancers, v)osteoarthritis, vi)asthma. vii)Obesity has been found to decrease the expancy of the life(on an average:6to7 yrs.)
TREATMENT: i) Spiritual,Psychological,Physical all these three aspects are very important in the management of obesity.
ii)Minimal intake of food & exceed expendiature of energy would be the basic rule to get rid of obesity. iii)Regular exercise like brisk walking,running,swimming in the morning hours for 30 to 45min. & this duration shold be extended day by day as possible.
iv)Some of the 'ASANAS'& 'PRANAYAM'help to reduce the fat. such as-PASCHIMOTTASAN:the back stretching pose. -the cobra pose. PAVANMUKTASAN-the wind releasing pose.
v)Intake of liw calory diet like millets & highly fibrous vegetables like cabbage are the ideal food for the obese.It takes longer time for the digestion.
vi)Regular intake of honey is indicated in the treatment of the 'STHOULYA'this is due to honeys 'LEKHANIYA'property.
vii) " उद्वर्तनमं काफहरं मेदस: प्रविलापन ||
स्ठीरीकरणमगानाम त्वकप्रसादकरं परम ||" (अ.हृ.सू.१/१४)
Udvartan is nothing but the dry powder massage,scrub over the body.It helps to reduce the fat.It shades off excessive fat,blooms the skin.It helps to break the adipose tissues underlying the skin by lipolysis..
viii)Panchkarma procedures like-1)VAMAN 2)VIRECHAN 3)BASTI.
These help to reduce the weight & extrs fats.Ayurvedic Vaidya advises one of the three procedure as per the constitution (prakruti) of the patient,& not all at a time.
ix) 'DIET(आहार)','SLEEP'(निद्रा)& 'BRAHMACHARYA'(ब्रह्मचर्य) these 3 are the pillers of the human life.By following all these one may live for a long time