Tonsils are two oval shaped tissue pads at the back of the throat (one on each side) which act as the first line of defence against bacterias and viruses that enter the mouth and thus make tonsils vulnerable to catch infection and get inflamed which decreases as the child grows up thus the chances of infection also decrease with age.
Thus tonsils are tissue on both sides of the back of the throat that help the body fight infection. They trap bacteria and viruses entering through the throat and produce antibodies to fight infection.
Tonsillitis means inflammation of tonsils when tonsils are infected. Tonsils become infected by bacteria or viruses, which causes them to swell.
Tonsillitis can be caused by infections such as viruses (ie. cytomegalovirus, herpes simplex, Epstein-Barr) or bacteria such as streptococcus. Tonsillitis occurs more commonly in children than in adults but does not typically affect children under the age of 2.
Tonsillitis is divided into three types, which is dependent upon frequency of times tonsillitis occurs and how long it lasts:
Acute tonsillitis includes cases where symptoms last anywhere from three days to about two weeks.
Recurrent tonsillitis occurs when a person suffers from multiple episodes of tonsillitis in a year.
Chronic tonsillitis cases have symptoms which persist beyond two weeks.
Frequent or recurrent tonsillitis is generally defined as:
- More than 7 episodes in 1 year
- More than 5 episodes a year during a 2-year period
- More than 3 episodes a year during a 3-year period
Tonsillitis most commonly affects children between preschool ages to mid-teenage years. Recurrent tonsillitis has become one of the major cause for absence of children from school now a days. Parents visit the paediatrician frequently due to their child falling sick every fortnight.
Tonsillitis may or may not be contagious, depending on the cause. If the cause is viral or bacterial, it is usually contagious.
If the tonsillitis is caused by a chronic condition, such as sinusitis or allergies, it is likely not contagious.
RISK FACTORS OF TONSILLITIS
include young age (5-15 years) and during school years as exposure to germs is maximum during school age due to close contact to other children.
SYMPTOMS & CAUSES
• Sore throat
• Difficulty or painful swallowing
• Bad breath
• Hoarseness of voice
• On examination tonsils are red, swollen and white or yellow coating or patches may be seen on the tonsils along with enlarged lymph nodes in the neck region.
The child would refuse food on account of pain while swallowing.
CAUSES OF TONSILLITIS:
Bacterial (most common streptococcus pyrogens)
DIAGNOSIS & TREATMENT
Symptoms are enough to diagnose the test.
Further throat swab can be done to confirm the diagnosis and see the causative microorganism.
Treatment usually includes antibiotics in allopathy and recurrent infections are seen.
- Gargles with warm water.
- Ask the child to avoid cold water and drinks.
- Ask the child to drink normal or warm water.
- Give the child healthy diet to boost immunity.
- Ask the child to be playful and active.
- Proper hygiene should be maintained.
- Homeopathic medicines.
Homeopathy is a rapid, gentle way to health and is very effective in treating diseases of children. There are many homeopathic medicines which not only help the child getting relieved from the current infection but also would boost his immunity and prevent from recurrent infection. Thus the child is able to live a healthy life, is able to grow and develop well.
Homoeopathic medicines which are very effective in treatment of recurrent tonsillitis include- baryta carb, merc sol, silicea, sulphur, graphites, agraphis, hear sulph, psorinum, calcarea carb, tuberculinum etc.
Medicines often help the child to lead a near normal life and medicines are chosen depending on the presenting case.
DO’S AND DON’TS
- Child should stay active.
- Child should take healthy diet to have good immunity.
- Hygiene should be maintained.
- Avoid too much of candies.
- Avoid chilled water.
- Avoid very sour food items.
Disclaimer: This article is written by the doctor or the practitioner (author) for informational purposes only. please DO NOT SELF MEDICATE. Always consult a practicing homeopath before taking any medicines. Practo or the author will not undertake any responsibility for anything that might happen to the user of this information.