Back problems are endemic in today's world. Many of these are lifestyle related -sedentary, life, obesity, long hours of sitting. Fortunately, these can be easily resolved.
The normal spine is a balanced construct with a double S curve; the head is supported on top of these curves.when the spine is unbalanced, muscles, ligaments and joints have to work harder. Fatigue and pain are inevitable.
- Avoid prolonged sitting.
- Walk around from time to time.
- Raise and rest one foot on a block about six or eight inches high when standing.
- If you have been bending forwards, stretch and bend backwards.
- Crouch periodically to relax your back.
- Sleep in a comfortable position; a pillow under the knees helps.
- The mattress should be firm and supportive.
- Remember mattresses have a limited lifespan and need replacing periodically.
- Sleep adequate hours.
- Maintain the weight that is ideal for your height.
- Eat a balanced diet and drink plenty of water.
- Drink adequate fluids to maintain proper hydration.
- Take a calcium-rich diet.
- Expose your bare skin to the sun for at least 20 minutes to manufacture vitamin D.
- Start with a daily brisk walk and with basic PT exercises taught in school.
- Specific back exercises for the back are extension and flexion exercises.
- Extension exercises are done by lying on the tummy and raising one leg and thigh and holding it for six seconds each time. One can also raise the upper body while keeping the pelvis on the couch each time the body is put to maximum contraction and held for six seconds. It helps in best toning of the muscles.
- Flexion exercises are done by lying on the back and raising the straight leg; this stretches the nerve root and conditions the nerve.In this position, bend the legs fully, raise the pelvis to maximum height and hold for six seconds.Lastly, in standing position raise the arms in front and half squatting and holding there for six seconds.
- All exercises should be done in gradual, gentle manner to start and become tougher as the body gets conditioned. It may be wise to take the guidance of a physiotherapist while doing exercises.
- Most of the back problems arise as result of unprotected bending forward.The is avoided by working on a workstation at the correct height, especially cautious when making beds.
- When sitting, the spine should be well supported, in the chair; the knees are at the same level as the hips and the feet rest flat on the ground.
- The table should be at the correct height.