Aging of skin is a natural process occurring at cellular level, involving change in structure and elasticity of skin over time.Intrinsic aging which is a universal, presumptively inevitable change attributable to the passage of time alone. Extrinsic aging is the superposition on intrinsic aging of changes attributable to chronic environmental insults, such as ultraviolet (UV) and infrared (IR) irradiation as well as environmental carcinogens present in polluted air of major urban centers, along with alcohol, smoking and poor nutrition which are neither universal nor inevitable. As we grow older, skin changes which naturally occur include dryness (roughness), wrinkling, laxity (loss of elastin), age spots, discoloration, volume loss and a variety of benign neoplasms.
Skin becomes more transparent which is caused by thinning of the epidermis (surface layer of the skin). Aged skin is in elastic and recovers more slowly after injury.
14 Anti Aging Tips:
1) Use a gentle cleanser: Over-cleansing your face can speed up the aging process, and the oily creams used to combat dryness can cause breakouts. One of the most common mistakes is using a soap that’s too harsh for their skin, drying it out and then reaching for heavy moisturizers. The most effective cleansers are often the mildest ones.
2) Clean living: Making healthy choices in your daily lifestyle will surely reflect on how you look on the outside. Drinking adequate amount of water throughout the day will help keep your skin healthy. Clinical nutrition is the key so following a healthy diet by filling up yourself with fresh foods, omega-3 fatty acids and proteins as well as cutting back on sugar and salt will make a lot of difference.
3) Manage your stress: Stressful situations not only affect your mental health but also are the cause of releasing certain hormones which in turn lead to aging effects. You may not be able to avoid these situations completely but you can surely reduce it's after effects by meditating, exercising and making some conscious changes in your life.
4) Increase your vitamin intake: Vitamins play a vital role in our daily life. Anti-ageing antioxidants properties available in Vitamin C and Vitamin E, hence it plays a beneficial role in our diet. Also a lot of anti ageing products also contain Vitamin C as its key ingredient because it forms an important part of collagen which is a protein responsible for maintaining elasticity of skin. Whereas Vitamin E is found easily in nuts like almonds, pumpkin seeds and hazelnuts. So focus on adding them to your diet.
5) Don’t fear fat: While past generations skimped on dietary fat whenever possible, new research suggests that enjoying enough healthy fat can improve your cardiovascular health, boost circulation, and keep your skin looking young. Eating lots of healthy fats is really important for skin.
6) Drizzle some honey: honey might just help plump your skin and maintain your ageless look. “This sweet treat is a natural humectant, meaning it attracts water. Honey helps to make your skin look supple and hydrated as honey application draw water towards the surface.
7) Skip the smokes: This habit takes a major toll on the appearance in the form of puffy eyes, wrinkles, stained teeth and premature skin aging. Smoke and nicotine can make you look sick and old and fastens ageing process, as cells get starved of oxygen and nutrition.
8) Sleep it off: While we sleep our bodies are repairing, detoxifying and hormones are being balanced. Our skin cells are regenerated which helps in reducing puffiness and dryness around the eyes. A correct sleep pattern helps improve circulation, especially around the eyes and also helps in releasing stress thus slowing down the ageing process.
9) Ditch the night cap: While the occasional glass of red wine can be a heart-healthy choice, booze, in general, is the enemy of healthy, line-free skin. If you want to look younger, drinking less alcohol is the way to go.
10) Keep it cool: That steamy shower may be relaxing, but it could be sapping your skin of essential moisture, making you look older in the process. Avoid hot showers and baths; they’ll dry out skin more than anything else.
11) Use Humidifier: Using a humidifier will help you out a lot, both inside and outside
12) Sun smarts: UV rays are no. one culprit in aging of skin so make sure you apply broad spectrum sunscreen with SPF 50 or physical sunscreen half an hour before leaving the house, even in cloudy weather and during fog because the intensity of UV rays increases during these weathers. Make sure you cover your ears, neck or your hands too along with your face while applying sunscreen.
13) Night cream: Incorporate a good anti-aging cream with over-the-counter retinol, vitamin C, hydroquinone or, alpha hydroxy acids into your skin care regimen. Anti aging creams are typically used at night because they can make you sensitive to the sun. Retinol is a form of vitamin A that can increase cell turnover and prevent collagen breakdown and boost its production. Vitamin C is an antioxidant that helps in making skin appear plump by reducing fine lines and appearance of wrinkles as it increases collagen in skin. Hyaluronic acid is a molecule made up of sugars that our bodies naturally produce. When you put hyaluronic acid back into your skin you are keeping your skin better moisturized, which helps keep skin tight, supple and diminishes the appearance of fine lines. It's important to follow the directions carefully while applying night creams. Take a very small amount of night cream or a pea size quantity and mix it with a moisturizer and apply all your freshly washed face at bedtime. Night creams are a complete no if you are pregnant, lactating or contemplating conceiving and they should be started only after consulting a dermatologist.
14) Collagen peptides: These are also renowned as hydrolyzed collagen and form an important building block of the body. It makes up approximately 30% of body’s proteins that provides elasticity to skin. Collagen production reduces in body with age and this marks the start of ageing process naturally in body. This starts affecting the connective tissue from age of 30 and increase in 40’s. Slowly due to ageing when skin become less active the collagen network also breakdown which is the one that provide firmness and structure breaks down. Due to this ageing process skin become dehydrated and thinner and gradually lines and wrinkles start appearing. Collagen peptide acts as messenger to the cells and lead to triggering the production and reorganization of new collagen thus reducing fine lines and wrinkles. It also minimizes the appearance of stretch marks and cellulite as it is responsible for providing elasticity for skin. There are powdered form of collagen that is odorless, tasteless and colorless with zero fat and cholesterol. Collagen shots are another form of collagen substitute; which are ready to consume as it is.
Treatments for Anti-aging:
Today a lot of treatment options are available Post a thorough facial assessment, dermatology clinic offer all kinds of anti-wrinkle treatment including Non Surgical Face Lift, Skin Tightening, Anti Wrinkle Injections and Filler Treatments depending on the requirement of your particular problem. We use a multi-pronged approach to impede your aging concerns which include therapies such as:a)
a) Skin Tightening Laser: These lasers work to yield long lasting and better results as they not only work by stimulating skin cells but the aponeurotic sheath around the muscles (SMAS) also get stimulated. These lasers stimulate collagen growth by heating the dermis whilst cooling the skin surface to prevent any kind of damage during the procedure.
b) Collagen Induction Therapy: This is a microneedling based treatment option, where hand-held devices bearing microneedles are used. These microneedles are used on skin surface or the affected areas in order to stimulate new collagen production, elastin production and neovascularization. Anti ageing skin boosters and growth serums are also incorporated in these procedures to provide more beneficial results. These sessions are generally placed 4 to 6 weeks apart.
c) Plasma Induction Therapy or VAMPIRE FACE LIFT: The technique is based on harnessing the natural healing power of your own blood’s plasma. The platelets in our blood are rich in many growth factors. The plasma proteins and growth factors promote healing of damaged skin collagen by producing new collagen. It can be either applied on the skin surface or injected onto the skin surface thus leading to new collagen production and giving beneficial results in counteracting ageing.
d) HYALURONIC ACID INFUSION: Hyaluronic acid is a popular and effective skin hydrating ingredient.Hyaluronic acid infusion can be done in several different ways. This anti ageing treatment helps in improving the elasticity of the skin.
e) HIGH INTENSITY FOCUSSED ULTRASOUND (HIFU): HIFU uses the power of Ultrasound to safely lift and tighten skin. Unlike IPL that uses light energy or lasers or electrical that uses Radio frequency HIFU uses Ultrasound energy. It targets the structural layers of the skin and helps in skin tightening.
f) CHEMICAL PEELS LIKE TCA: The exfoliating chemical is applied directly to the skin. It helps by peeling off the dead skin cells. High concentration of peel helps by emulating a skin wound inducing the body to produce more collagen. The new skin that appears after collagen production is tighter and also helps in reducing fine lines sun damage and uneven skin tone.
g) LASER RESURFACING BY Er, YAG LASER : Laser resurfacing with ablative lasers like Er;YAG laser is an anti aging technique which works like dermabrasion and deep chemical peels. This works by removing the superficial skin layer and thus inducing collagen production as a result of this.
h) THREAD LIFT: Also known as the lunch hour lift or mini thread lift is a non-surgical alternative to traditional surgical face lift where in threads are used to lift sagging skin. Designed to be minimally invasive, it reduces aging around the cheeks, jaw line and neck by boosting collagen production,more quickly and with less risk than the conventional approach.
i) NEOCLONE: neoclone is a new non-fractional system of skin resurfacing that is based on thermomechanical ablation technology. Using the heat energy, when the tip of laser touches the skin it causes micro injuries. These micro injuries encourage the body to produce collagen and elastin for a healthy and supple skin.
j) IPL THERAPY/ PHOTOFACIAL: It’s a medical facial using the properties of IPL (Intense pulse light) laser which has scientifically proven collagen boosting and facial revival properties.
a. Dermal fillers – The injection of filler materials under the skin can fill in deep folds, such as nasolabial folds (also known as "smile lines" or "laugh lines"), create fuller lips and pad out hollow cheeks and eyes.
b. Muscle relaxers or Botox – temporarily relaxes muscles when injected. This prevents the skin above from creasing up and causing wrinkles.
c. Fat melting - Deoxycholic acid is a chemical naturally found in the body that breaks down dietary fat in the digestive system. It can be injected into the body to reduce body fat in small areas.
Always consult your dermatologist for the best advice. Keep Healthy! Keep Glowing!