ARTHRITIS – Simply means inflammation of joints, is common problem. It affects in all age groups, but more in old age which give the symptoms such as- 

1. Stiffness, swelling in one or more joints. 

2. Deep aching in joints. 

3. Any pain associated with movement of a joint.

4. Tenderness, warmth or redness in affected joints. 

5. Fever, weight loss or fatigue that accompanies joint pain, etc.

6. Movement of the joint becomes extremely painful especially in cold, windy and damp weather.

It is notable if this disease is not taken care of properly at the initial stage, the joint becomes immobile and may also become permanently deformed. 

The common types of Arthritis are:

1. Osteoarthritis (Sandhigata Vata) 

2. Rheumatoid Arthritis (Ama Vata) 

3. Gout (Vatarakta) 

4. Fibromyalgia (CFS) 

5. Ankylosing Spondylosis

And sciatica, cervical spondylosis, Lumbar spondylosis etc.

 Ayurvedic Approach: According to Ayurveda, mostly pains are caused by Vata (Air) Dosha. The lack of Agni (digestion fire) creates undigested food toxins (Ama) which circulates the whole body and gets collected at joints. The accumulation of ama at joints with simultaneous aggravation of Dosha (Imbalance of Vata/Pitta/Kapha) causes the inflammation at joints, which is known as “Arthritis”. 

TREATMENT: The specialty of Ayurveda lies in the concept of disease and concept of complete cure. So it focuses on the root cause of the disease. As described above, Toxin (Ama) and aggravation of Dosha are the main causes of the disease. So, effort can be made by removing the toxin, from the body, (by adopting various purificatory procedures) stimulate the digestive fire to stop further production of Ama and balancing the Dosha.

 In order to that, Ayurveda classify the local treatment (upakarmas) such as- 

1. Kati Basti (for lower back pain) 

2. Greeva Basti (for cervical problem)

3. Janu Basti (for knee problem) etc.

are providing the nourishment to the joints and relieves the pain.

 And main treatment (Pradhana Karmas) such as 

1. Virechana (Purgation Therapy) 

2. Basti (Enema Therapy) Are an effective and powerful self-healing process, which helps the body to eliminate the toxins and to stop further production of toxins, strengthen our immune system and become more resistant to illness, enhance our self-reliance, strength, energy, vitality and mental clarity and bring about deep relaxation and sense of well-being Along with these treatments, internal medicines play an importance role in curing this disease. According to Ayurveda, if proper treatment is given, there are fairly good chances to cure. 

OSTEOARTHRITIS (SANDHIGATA VATA): The cartilage loses its elasticity. If the cartilage is stiff it becomes damaged more easily. The cartilage, which acts as a shock absorber, will gradually wear away in some areas. As the cartilage becomes damaged tendons and ligaments become stretched, causing pain. Eventually the bones may rub against each other causing severe pain. What Ayurveda says is, due to improper Ahara and Vihara Vata, one of the bodily humors get vitiated and gets lodged in the joints and causes pain and dryness in the joints, Hence the condition is termed as ‘SANDHIGATA VATA’. 


 1. Janu basti

 2. Basti which is given after complete Detoxification of the body either by Virechana or Sadhyo Virechana.

RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (AMA VATA): This is an inflammatory form of arthritis. The synovial membrane (synovium) is attacked, resulting in swelling and pain. If left untreated the arthritis can lead to deformity. 

ACCORDING TO AYURVEDA: Due to improper ahara and vihara, causes Mandagni, which leads to the formation of Ama, which gets settled in various small and big joints, causing inflammation and painful joints. 


1. Sadhyo Virechana 

2. Basti

GOUTY ARTHRITIS (VATA RAKTHA): Gout is a kind of arthritis. It can cause an attack of sudden burning pain, swelling in a joint, usually a big toe. According to Ayurveda: Due to improper Ahara and Vihara , vata and raktha both gets vitiated and gets lodged in smaller joints and causes pain. Later which causes deformity of the extremities if left untreated.


1. Virechana 

2. Basti