Thyroid Hormones &Hypothyroidism

There are two hormones, Triiodothyronine ( T3) and its pro hormone, Thyroxine (T4) are tyrosine (an amino acid) based hormones produced by the thyroid gland that are primarily responsible for regulation of metabolism. The thyroid gland which is also called butter fly gland is a major organ in the human body for the above two hormones secrete due to influenced by Thyroid Stimulating Hormone duly controlled though the Thyrotropin -Releasing Hormone (TRH). And failing to produce enough hormones from gland in the body leads to sub clinical hypothyroidism or hypothyroidism.

What is Hypothyroidism

This  is a condition related to having an under active thyroid gland that does not properly make or release thyroid hormones. It has been seen that that women, especially older women, are the most susceptible group for developing hypothyroidism. Although now a days young school girls are also suffering  for this.


People who are elderly or who have other existing autoimmune disease like type 1 Diabetes, Rheumatoid  Arthritis and Celiac disease are also at a high risk. Inflammatory disorder of thyroid gland, poor diet especially lacking
in iodine and selenium and hormonal imbalance can results to the condition of hypothyroidism. Besides these, genetic cause called congenital hypothyroidism is also seen in some cases. And interaction of certain medication and high levels of emotional stress can lead to this serious condition.


People suffering from hypothyroidism have some common symptoms such as depression, anxiety, fatigue, weight gain, infertility, feeling cold, constipation, muscle ache and tenderness, stiffness and swelling in the joints, loss of hair, rough and cracked skin, breathing problem, changes in the menstrual cycle and more frequent cold due to low immune function. Mild hypothyroidism is usually the early stage and can progress into hypothyroidism if diet of hypothyroidism is not adopted and life style changes in this crucial condition is most important.

Home based simple diet for Hypothyroidism

A patient of hypothyroidism should consume these foods to help with this problem :-

1.Plenty amounts of antioxidant rich fruits including citrus fruits and vegetables.

2.Eating foods high in B vitamin like whole grains may also help.

3.Eating selenium rich foods such as sunflower seeds or Brazil nuts can be beneficial because selenium is needed for      enzymes that make thyroid hormones to work properly.

4.Seaweeds or sea foods are the best natural source of iodine, these help prevent deficiencies which
disturb thyroid function and should appear in your weekly hypothyroidism diet.

5.Probiotic rich foods like Yogurts, sour tasted curd helps to create a healthy gut environment by balancing micro flora bacteria

6.High fiber diet (30gm-40gm fiber/day) helps in digestive difficulties in hypothyroidism; it improves heart
health, balances blood sugar levels and supports a healthy weight.

7.Little more Ginger,Onion,Garlic, Iodized salt some times helpful for hypothyroidism patients.

Foods to avoid

  • Avoid all beans ,soya, soya  products, seeds,
  • Avoid  or do not sweet potatoes, eat cabbage, cauliflower, radish, Mustard &all related products, Broccoli ,spinach, local greens, all types sprouts etc.
  • Fiber rich foods are good all time but not too much mainly avoid Corn, bajra, ragi, millet, Flaxseeds.
  • Avoid all out side  junk, fast, spicy foods.

Last but not the least 

Some foods must be avoided by the patient in order to prevent recurrence of hypothyroidism symptoms. These foods includes Soya; studies suggest that phyto-oestrogens in soya beans and soya rich foods may inhibit the activity of enzyme that makes the thyroid hormones.

As we all know this is a vast topic. I just tried few points to you all & patients who are suffering. Hope this altogether very enjoyable, useful & helpful. Wish all patients quick recovery!!