Seborrheic dermatitis is a typical skin condition that mostly affects your scalp. It causes scaly patches, red skin, and stubborn dandruff. Seborrheic dermatitis can also affect oily areas of the body, for example, the face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids, and chest.

Seborrheic dermatitis is also called dandruff, seborrheic skin inflammation and seborrheic psoriasis. 

For infants, the condition is known as cradle cap and causes crusty, scaly patches on the scalp.

Risk factors

There are many risk factors that help in developing seborrheic dermatitis, such as

  • Some neurologic and psychiatric conditions such as Parkinson's’ disease and depression

  • Those people having low immunity or weak immune system, such as seen in organ transplant recipients and people with  HIV/AIDS, alcoholic pancreatitis, and some cancers

  • Recovery from stressful medical conditions, such as a heart attack

  • Some medications

  • Obesity

  • Oily skin

  • Fatigue

  • Using hair and skin products contain alcohol


This condition has symptoms like: 

  • Skin flakes (dandruff) on your scalp, hair, eyebrows, bread, or mustache

  • Redness of the skin

  • Itching

  • Patches of greasy skin covered with flakes of a white crust on the scalp, face, sides of the nose, eyebrows, ears, eyelids, chest, armpits, groin area, or under the breast


The  exact  cause of this condition is not known yet but it may be related to the condition which is given below

  • A yeast (fungus) called Malassezia that is in the oil secretion on the skin

  • An irregular response of the immune system

Other conditions which are similar to seborrheic dermatitis

  • PSORIASIS- This condition also has red skin and dandruff with flakes and scales but psoriasis usually has more scales, and they will be silvery white.

  • ATOPIC DERMATITIS- This skin reaction causes itchy, inflamed, skin in the folds of the elbows, on the backs of the knees, or on the front of the neck. It often recurs.

  • TINEA VERSICOLOR- The rash of this condition appears on the trunk but usually isn’t red like seborrheic dermatitis.

  • ROSACEA- This condition usually occurs on the face and has very little scaliness.

Diagnosis: This condition is diagnosed by physical examination of the skin.

Biopsy, scrape off your skin cells for the diagnosis, to rule out the above condition.


  • Treatment depends on the severity of the symptoms

  • The treatment of seborrheic dermatitis focuses on loosening the scales, reducing inflammation and swelling, and curbing itch

  • In mild cases - A topical antifungal cream or medicated shampoo may be enough to control symptoms

  • In more severe cases – you may receive a prescription for mild corticosteroids


  • Wash your skin regularly

  • Always maintain skin hygiene

  • Apply coconut oil

  • Avoid styling products

  • Avoid skin and hair products that contain alcohol

  • Wear cotton clothes, also smooth textured clothes

  • Avoid harsh soaps and detergents

  • Avoid scratching whenever possible


  • Maintain hygiene

  • Wear cotton loose clothes

  • Use coconut oil

  • Keep yourself

  • Hydrated


  • Don’t use harsh soaps

  • Don’t scratch

  • Avoid friction

Conclusion: Proper skin hygiene and medication can help manage the condition effectively.

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