Articles on dandruff

Understanding Dandruff

Dr. Jolly Shah Kapadia, Dermatologist
Dandruff is seen as white or yellow flakes seen on your shoulders or in your hair. Dandruff flakes are actually dead skin cells that fall off your scalp. When you have dandruff, your scalp may look scaly or red and feel itchy or raw. Scratching or rubbing your head loosens the flakes. Does having dandruff mean dirty hair? Dandruff doesn't mean you have dirty hair. If you already have dandruff, not washing your hair enough can make your dandruff look worse because dead skin cells build up. What Causes Dandruff?Dandruff is believed to be caused by a fungus called Mallessezia furfur. This fungus usually lives on your skin, but too much fungus may lead to dandruff. Being exposed to a lot of dry air can cause skin to dry out and flake, which can look like dandruff.Dandruff tends to be worse during dry months. Cold, dry winter weather in particular can make dandruff worse. Sensitivity to hair care products (contact dermatitis). Sometimes sensitivities to certain ingredients in hair care products or hair dyes, especially paraphenylenediamine, can cause a red, itchy, scaly scalp. Shampooing too often or using too many styling products also may irritate your scalp, causing dandruff.Stress or fatigue can trigger or aggravate it, too.Dietary deficiency of zinc and a diet excess in saturated fats, refined sugars adds to the dandruff problemAre there other conditions that lead to a flaky scalp?Skin problems like acne, eczema, and psoriasis can cause a buildup of dead skin cells on the scalp. People with serious medical problems such as epilepsy, Parkinson's disease, and HIV are prone to developing dandruff. And, for unclear reasons, people recovering from a stroke, heart attack, or head injury are also more likely to have dandruff.Can Dandruff occur on any other body parts?Dandruff can also occur on forehead, eyebrows, eyelashes, or ears. Flaky skin on your chest -- or anywhere you have body hair -- could be a sign of dandruff, which is a mild form of seborrheic dermatitis. Do babies also get dandruff?When babies have seborrheic dermatitis, it's called cradle cap. The brown or yellow scales may be itchy. You may find it on the skin of a baby's scalp, eyelids, nose, and groin area. Cradle cap normally clears up on its own by the time the baby is 8 to 12 months old. Try putting vegetable oil on the baby's scalp for 10 minutes, then washing with a mild baby shampoo. Is dandruff harmful? Although having dandruff can be embarrassing, it's harmless. Can Dandruff cause hair fall?Dandruff doesn't directly cause hair loss, but scratching your scalp a lot could cause temporary hair loss.Is Dandruff contagious?Dandruff is not contagious: You can't catch it or pass it along to someone else. Does wearing a helmet or cap cause dandruff?Wearing a hat will not cause dandruff but it will aggravate the dandruff condition by not allowing sweat to evaporate.Can blow drying reduce dandruff?Blow drying may make your hair look beautiful for sometime, but it only damages your hair in the long run. It never contributes in the reduction of dandruff.Will Dandruff treatment decolorize my colour- treated hair?Most of the anti-dandruff shampoos available today are colour-friendly. They do not decolorize your perfectly coloured hair. You need not worry while treating dandruff about your coloured hair.How do I use anti-dandruff shampoo? Gently rub the shampoo into your scalp using the pads of your fingers. Leave the shampoo on your head for five minutes -- or as directed -- before you rinse. If you prefer the smell of your normal shampoo and conditioner, you can use those afterward. As your dandruff gets better, you may not need to use dandruff shampoo as often.Do I need to visit a Dermatologist for dandruff?Sometimes what seems like dandruff can be an entirely different condition. Head lice are itchy and lay eggs that look like dandruff, but they're harder to shake off or brush out. Or your scalp could be itching from ringworm, a fungus that causes dandruff-like flakes. With ringworm, you might also have round patches of hair loss and blistered, scaly areas on your scalp.If you've been using a dandruff shampoo for several weeks but still have dandruff, visit a Dermatologist. You should also see a doctor if your scalp is swollen or red, if your hair is falling out, or if you have a red, scaly rash on other parts of your body.

Dandruff- An Overview & Tips for Management

Dr. Sanjeev Gulati, Dermatologist
It is a popular name given to a non-inflammatory increased scaling of scalp where scaling (desquamation) is visible and active.It is a precursor of seborrhoeic Dermatitis & progression is though redness, greasiness, irritation and increased scalp scaling.Mostly it’s a cosmetic problem with flaking of scales on scalp, also involving face and shoulders.Dandruff is also associated with acne or may be part of psoriasis.Seborrhoeic Dermatitis may also involve the eyebrows, eyelids, ears, nasolabial creases, lips, axillae, umbilicus, sternum, groin & buttocks; and generally has crusted pink or yellow  patches of various shapes & sizes, with remissions and exacerbations.In infants, yellowish a brownish scales are seen an scalp, which are adherent & called “Cradle Cap”A common yeast Pityrosporum ovale, is found to be abundant in dandruff patients. Patients of Dandruff have to be approached from cosmetic angle to the treatment of related disorders.Patient’s History / Examination:-    An inquiry into – Severity, pruritus, frequency of hair washing / shampooing & seasonal variation is pertinent.    Also history of medication (Arsenic, Gold) Dietary deficiencies (Vitamin B Complex), Acne, Alcoholics, Psoriasis, HIV, Epilesy, Diabetes esp.in (Obese People), Malabsorption disorders,  are asked for     A simple visualization of scales, (yellowish, greasy / dry), under a magnifying lens is sufficient to gauge extent & severity of dandruff. An examination for associated alopecia (baldness) of scalp, secondary infection, eczematisation and type of scaling is in order. A scraping (KOH) of scales & rarely biopsy is required.Classification of Dandruff:-    It can be graded based on degree of scaling on a scale ranging from 0 to 10.    A practical grading into mild, moderate and severe forms is done on basis of severity of scaling, itching & evidence of inflammation, acne & seborrhea.Mild / Grade -I: -    Visible fine scaling, non itchy, non-inflammatory – of pure Cosmetic Importance.Moderate / Grade: II:- Larger scaling with itching, mild inflammatory changes, with diffuse alopecia a acne or seborrhea.Severe / Grade III: - Severely inflammatory, severe pruritus, thick scales, with. associated seborrhoeic dermatitis / psoriatic originPrinciples of Treating Dandruff :- 1.    Patients Education & explanation :- regarding a)    Emphasis that dandruff can generally be suppressed with regular treatment for years – permanent cure may not be there.b)    Cosmetic nature of disorder.c)    Seasonal Variation i.e. increases in winter & reduction in summer.d)    Importance of frequent washing of hair and scalp (to eliminate loose scales).e)    Avoid unnecessary use of excessive hair oil (greasy scaling), but minimal application at night to soften scales for easy dislodgement by shampoos.f)    Use of conditioner shampoos if dry scalp & shampoo for oily hair in those with greasy scalps.2.    Medical therapy is started with topical agents to control dandruff – lotion or shampoo formulations.3.    Systemic therapy started as a second line of therapy for resistant cases, very severe forms or if related to Psoriasis & seborrhoeic dermatitis4.    Specific therapy for associated conditions eg. Secondary infection, eczematisation & diffuse alopecia – are co- prescribedMANAGEMENT GUIDELINES FOR DANDRUFF:-

Learn How to Manage Dandruff!

Dr. Ramesh Maheshwari, Sexologist
Dry white flakes of skin, on your scalp is known as dandruff.It is not a health risk, but is a source of embarrassment.Some people have the wrong notion that it is because of bad hygiene or washing the hair often - this is a false belief. It is just that people having dandruff shed more skin then others.However some dermatologists suggest that is caused by a yeast fungus that is believed to breed in a combination of sebaceous oil and dead skin cells.Causes:A family history of dandruff.Excessive sweating of the scalp.Excessive mental and physical stress.Use of alkaline soaps.Cold dry winter season.Psoriasis of scalp.Seborrhoeic dermatitis.Improper carbohydrate and sugar consumption.Nutrient deficiencies – B-complex,essential fatty acids, selenium.Sign and symptoms:Flakes of skin which may be small and white or large greasy and yellow.Itching on scalp, eyebrows, nose or ears.It can be worse in winters.Dietary management:Avoid:Avoid fatty and oily food.Avoid dairy products (except yoghurt)– cheese, cottage cheese and seafood.Avoid sugar, white flour and chocolate.Avoid excess alcohol.Avoid stress.Even though dandruff is dry flaking skin do not normally apply excessive oil as it may provide an environment for yeast to breed.Do:Add one tea spoon of vinegar to the rinsing water after washing your hair.Before washing your hair, apply a mixture of 8 table spoon of pure organic peanut oil and 2 table spoon lemon juice and massage into the scalp. Leave it for 10-15 minutes then shampoo.You can replace oil with coconut milk or coconut water; leave it over night and shampoo.Wash hair with natural, herbal ingredients rather than chemical – take mixture of amla (Indian goose berri)powder, aritha (sapindus Laurifotius) powder and shikakai (Acacia Concinna)powder, soak it in water over night and wash hair with the mixture.Practice yoga, helps in relieving stress and will increase blood circulation.Natural live yoghurt is recommended as a natural conditioner.Avoid harsh hair dyes and hair creams.Softly massage your scalp when you shampoo or oil. This will help blood circulation and prevent skin from drying and cracking.Consume:Drink plenty of water.Eat large percentage of your diet as raw fruits and vegetables.Consume (3-4) – nuts and seeds daily.Consume linseed oil – 2 table spoon.Consumption of Aloe vera juice is also helpful.Consume Kelp and Japanese sea plants frequently as they supply many minerals like iodine which are better for hair growth and healing of the scalp.Increase intake of zinc in diet:-Shellfish, beef and other red meats,eggs and seafood, milk and milk products, nuts, sea plants especially Japanese sea.Consume diet rich in antioxidants like Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Vitamin E.Increase intake of foods that contain PUFA`s (poly unsaturated fatty acids): flax / linseed oil is the richest source of PUFA`s. Other oils that contain PUFA`s are safflower oil, soybean oil, maize oil, sesame oil, olive oil. As all oils are high in fats, its consumption should be limited. The intake of oils should not exceed 20 gms a day.Sesame oil and almond oil hinders the absorption of LDL (low-density lipoproteins), so it is advisable to use replace other cooking oils by sesame oil.Consume lots of Selenium:-Fish, shellfish, eggs, red meat,chicken, liver, grains, Brazil nuts, garlic, wheat germ and brewer's yeast.Consume lots of Vitamin B complex:-Liver, kidney, pancreas, yeast(Brewer's yeast), lean meat especially pork, fish, dairy products, poultry,egg, shrimps, crabs and lobsters.-Milk and milk products, green leafy vegetables, legumes, nuts, whole grain cereals.-Carrots, bananas, avocado,raspberries, artichoke, cauliflower, soy flour, barley, cereals, pasta, whole grains, wheat barn like rice and wheat germ, dried beans, peas and soybeans.

Everything You Need to Know About Dandruff

Dr. Apoorva Shah
Dandruff, also known as seborrhea, is a common-contagious condition of skin areas rich in oil glands (the face, scalp, and upper trunk) marked by flaking (overproduction of skin cells) and sometimes redness and itching (inflammation) of the scalp, varying in severity from mild flaking of the scalp to scaly, red patches.Dandruff - those dry, white flakes of skin you brush off your collar or shoulders - is essentially harmless. But it can be embarrassing and itchy. Dandruff really isn't about your hair, or how often you wash it. Instead, it's about the skin on your scalp.The normal skin yeast, Pityrosporumovale, lives in oil-rich skin regions and plays a role in this condition. Skin cells that grow and die off too fast are the problem. Exactly why that happens isn't clear. A very common fungus called malassezia may contribute to dandruff. This fungus lives on the scalp of most healthy adults without causing any problems. One theory is that the immune system of someone with dandruff may overreact to that fungus.Dandruff may be worse with stress, winter, and infrequent shampooing. Although there is no "cure" for dandruff, control is usually possible with frequent wash or medicated shampoos.Risk FactorsDandruff occurs in 15–20% of the population. The problem affects all races, may be a bit worse in men, and starts after puberty (although babies have a version called cradle cap). Dandruff peaks around the age of 40 and then may improve. Severe dandruff is frequently seen in people with Parkinson's disease and others with central nervous system problems, as well as in those with HIV infection.Signs and SymptomsThe scalp is itchy and flaky.One or more of the following areas may have patches of red, scaly skin: the scalp, hairline,forehead, eyebrows, eyelids, creases of the nose and ears, ear canals, beard areas, breastbone, mid back, groin, or armpit.Mild dandruff – only some flaking with or without redness in a few small areasModerate dandruff – several areas affected with bothersome redness and itchSevere dandruff – large areas of redness, severe itch, and unresponsive to self-care measuresCare GuidelinesMost cases of dandruff are easy to control. These include:Frequent (daily)shampooing or a longer lather time.Stopping use of any hair styling products.If it is mild flaking then apply oil to the scalp 3 times a week and wash it with the same frequency. But if it is associated with oily scalp then daily wash with mild scalp cleanser is advisable. It is not advisable to use oil in seborrheic oleosa or in condition of psoriasis.If all self care measures fail, get your scalp checked by a Trichologist.

7 Things No One Told You About Driving Away Dandruff

Dr. Sharad Kulkarni, Ayurveda
One of the worst nightmares for anyone is the sight of white flakes on the clothes or scalp - commonly referred to as the ‘white monster’. Well! This white monster is none other than sneaky dandruff - usually seen in the winters, as it is triggered by the dry climate.When suffering from dandruff, often there is itching and scaling of white flaky particles,sometimes associated with hair fall.Here are a few easy and untold home remedies to get rid of the dandruff:1. Fenugreek (methi seeds)Fenugreek (methi seeds)-one of the commonest kitchen herbs-is known to have anti-fungal, anti-bacterial and antiseptic properties that can provide effective relief from dandruff. All you need to do is soak some fenugreek seeds overnight so that they soften. Thereafter, grind the softened seeds to make a paste and apply it on the scalp overnight. Alternatively, you can also apply it 1 hour before the hair wash. With few days of this treatment, you can say good bye to dandruff.2. The green miracle of aloe veraAloe vera is another home remedy that you can try to treat dandruff. Simply apply some aloe vera gel on the scalp an hour before shampooing. This is known to provide relief from itching too. Besides, it gives a cooling effect and makes the hair lustrous.3. Diluted apple cider vinegarApple cider vinegar is an assured method to get rid of the dandruff. Its acidic nature balances the pH of the scalp that makes the growth of dandruff-related yeast difficult. All you need to do is mix 1/3 cup of apple cider vinegar in a litre of water.Thereafter, rinse your hair with this mix after regular shampoo wash.4. Tea tree oilMixing just few drops of tea tree oil to your regular shampoo or selecting a shampoo with tea tree oil helps to significantly improve the condition of dandruff.5. Baking soda as a defoliantBaking soda is a fantastic remedy for dandruff. It is known to reduce overactive fungi that can worsen dandruff. Thus, mixing this kitchen friendly baking soda to your mild shampoo and then washing as usual helps easy removal of flakes that are stuck to your scalp. Evidently, the coarse particles of the baking soda help in exfoliating thedead skin cells and absorb the excess oil of the scalp. Hence, it prevents the worsening of dandruff.6. Olive oil maskApplication of few drops of warm olive oil to the entire scalp a night before hair wash helps in moisturising the dry scalp. This provides nutrition to the dry scalp and,hence, prevents flaking and itching.Remember, regular use of any of the above-mentioned remedies along with balanced nutrition and care of your hair and scalp will definitely help you see great results in reducing dandruff.

Dandruff

Dr. Neeraj Gupta, Homeopath
Dry white flakes of skin, on your scalp is known as dandruff.• It is not a health risk, but is a source of embarrassment. • Some people have the wrong notion that it is because of bad hygiene or washing the hair often - this is a false belief. It is just that people having dandruff shed more skin then others. • However some dermatologists suggest that is caused by a yeast fungus that is believed to breed in a combination of sebaceous oil and dead skin cells. CAUSES: • A family history of dandruff. • Excessive sweating of the scalp. • Excessive mental and physical stress. • Use of alkaline soaps. • Cold dry winter season. • Psoriasis of scalp. • Seborrhoeic dermatitis. • Improper carbohydrate and sugar consumption. • Nutrient deficiencies – B-complex, essential fatty acids, selenium. SIGN AND SYMPTOMS: • Flakes of skin which may be small and white or large greasy and yellow. • Itching on scalp, eyebrows, nose or ears. • It can be worse in winters. DIETARY MANAGEMENT: Avoid: • Avoid fatty and oily food. • Avoid dairy products (except yoghurt) – cheese, cottage cheese and seafood. • Avoid sugar, white flour and chocolate • Avoid excess alcohol. • Avoid stress. • Even though dandruff is dry flaking skin do not normally apply excessive oil as it may provide an environment for yeast to breed. DO: • Add one tea spoon of vinegar to the rinsing water after washing your hair. • Before washing your hair, apply a mixture of 8 table spoon of pure organic peanut oil and 2 table spoon lemon juice and massage into the scalp. Leave it for 10-15 minutes then shampoo. • You can replace oil with coconut milk or coconut water; leave it over night and shampoo. • Wash hair with natural, herbal ingredients rather than chemical – take mixture of amla (Indian goose berri) powder, aritha (sapindus Laurifotius) powder and shikakai (Acacia Concinna) powder, soak it in water over night and wash hair with the mixture. • Practice yoga, helps in relieving stress and will increase blood circulation. • Natural live yoghurt is recommended as a natural conditioner. • Avoid harsh hair dyes and hair creams. • Softly massage your scalp when you shampoo or oil. This will help blood circulation and prevent skin from drying and cracking. CONSUME: • Drink plenty of water. • Eat large percentage of your diet as raw fruits and vegetables. • Consume (3-4) – nuts and seeds daily. • Consume linseed oil – 2 table spoon. • Consumption of Aelo vera juice is also helpful. • Consume Kelp and Japanese sea plants frequently as they supply many minerals like iodine which are better for hair growth and healing of the scalp. • Increase intake of zinc in diet: – Shellfish, beef and other red meats, eggs and seafood, milk and milk products, nuts, sea plants especially Japanese sea. • Consume diet rich in antioxidants like Vitamin A, Vitamin C and Vitamin E. • Increase intake of foods that contain PUFA`s (poly unsaturated fatty acids): flax / linseed oil is the richest source of PUFA`s. Other oils that contain PUFA`s are safflower oil, soybean oil, maize oil, sesame oil, olive oil. As all oils are high in fats, its consumption should be limited. The intake of oils should not exceed 20gms a day. • Sesame oil and almond oil hinders the absorption of LDL (low-density lipoproteins), so it is advisable to use replace other cooking oils by sesame oil. • Consume lots of Selenium: – Fish, shellfish, eggs, red meat, chicken, liver, grains, Brazil nuts, garlic, wheat germ and brewer`s yeast. • Consume lots of Vitamin B complex: – Liver, kidney, pancreas, yeast (Brewer's yeast), lean meat especially pork, fish, dairy products, poultry, egg, shrimps, crabs and lobsters,. – Milk and milk products, green leafy vegetables, legumes, nuts, whole grain cereals. – Carrots, bananas, avocado, raspberries, artichoke, cauliflower, soy flour, barley, cereals, pasta, whole grains, wheat barn like rice and wheat germ, dried beans, peas and soybeans. Dr Mrs Neeraj GuptaGupta Computerised Homeopathic Clinic 9811022908dr_neerajgupta@hotmail.com

Yogurt and Lime: A Recipe for Awesome Greek Goddess Tresses

Dr. Priyam Sharma, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Care for great hair? If you do not have time or resources to avail the services of a salon for your hair, then you can simply use the goodness of home items, like yogurt and lime, to rejuvenate your hair from roots to tips.Yogurt for Healthy HairYogurt is a common household item and is laden with lactic acid that works wonders on dull hair. Yogurt also contains zinc that provides your hair with hydration and optimum moisture. Use yogurt in the following ways to salvage your hair:Massage your scalp with yogurt to combat dandruff and dry scalp problems. The lactic acid possesses anti-fungal properties that effectively reduce dandruff.Use it as a natural hair conditioner and leave it on the scalp for 10 minutes before washing it off. It reduces itching and hydrates the hair follicles.Make a hair mask by beating up two egg whites and mixing it with five spoons of yogurt. Apply this mask on your hair for 15 minutes and wash away for shinier and less frizzy hair.Combine yogurt with ground methi seeds for an ideal remedy for hair fall. Leave it on the scalp for 45 minutes to strengthen roots and then wash it off. Repeat this routine at least once a week for best results.For a lustrous and voluminous mane, mix yogurt with coconut oil and aloe vera gel.Allow this cool mixture to rest on your hair for 30 minutes. These three ingredients work together to give you a guaranteed solution for dull hair.Lime for Healthy HairRich in vitamin C, lime also works as an antiseptic and can be used as a substitute to shampoo. Use lime for lustrous locks in the following ways:Lime makes a wonderful treatment plan to get rid of dandruff. Mix lemon juice with coconut oil and massage deeply into the scalp. Wash it off after half an hour. The acid in the lime makes the scalp unfit for the fungus to grow on. For maximum results,squeeze some lime into a mug and use it as a last rinse.Mix with honey and use it as a hair mask for super shiny locks.The antioxidant and acidic properties can lighten your hair and give you amazing highlights at the cost of one lemon! Squeeze out few limes and store the juice in a spray bottle. Spray it on the desired area at night before sleeping and watch your hair change shades overnight. (Note: The highlights of this remedy are visible on browner shades of hair.)Double Power: Lime + Yogurt:Boost dandruff removal by making a mixture of yogurt and lime and leaving it on the roots for 20 minutes. Lime and yogurt work together to clean out the scalp even more efficiently.Accentuate the lighter tones in your hair by adding two spoons of lime juice to one cup yogurt and apply it on your mane. Get an enhanced look with professional streaks done at home itself!

5 Benefits of Curd

Ms. Ashu Gupta, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Healthy for your heartIn a day and age where more and more young people are falling prey to heart disease, consuming curd can go a long way in maintaining a healthy heart. It minimizes the risk of high blood pressure and helps reduce cholesterol levels by preventing the thickening of carotid arteries.Helps boost immunityCurd has ‘good bacteria’ present in it which strengthens your immune system by fighting against several microorganisms that are present in the body. It is also useful in preventing vaginal yeast infections in women. These properties of curd do not diminish even when it is heated along with curry preparations to add flavour.Good for your teeth and bonesAll dairy products are good for your bones, and curd is no different. Like milk, curd has a high amount of phosphorous and calcium. This makes it beneficial for your teeth and bones as it helps promote bone growth and makes your teeth stronger. Taking care of your bones is essential if you want to avoid painful diseases like osteoporosis and arthritis in the future.Helps get rid of dandruffMany advertisements claim to have found the magical chemical formula for curing dandruff. But, curd can be a simple homemade solution. Why is it good to get rid of dandruff? It has lactic acid which has anti-fungal properties. What more? You don’t even have to add other ingredients to it. Just whip some curd in a bowl, and add it to your scalp. Leave it for an hour, and wash properly with water. You may also like to read about this home remedies for dandruff.Helps you lose weightWhenever nutritionists make a diet plan, the first thing they include is curd. The calcium present in it prevents your body from pumping more cortisol. Hormonal imbalance of cortisol is responsible for a host of problems like hypertension, obesity and cholesterol. you may also like to read about these foods that promise weight loss.