As aptly mentioned in Ayurveda, faulty dietary habits lead to diseases of Gastro-intestinal (GI) origin. Today's sedentary lifestyle & stress further aggravates the problem. Statistically speaking Gastro-intestinal disorders constitute about 60-65% of clinical cases and show both psychosomatic symptoms (related to both body & mind).
Causative factors for all Gastro-intestinaI disorders as per Ayurveda - Physical causes
Irregular meal timings
Intake of food in indigestion
Intake of food without feeling hungry
Intake of contra-indicated food like fruits & milk, fish & milk etc
Intake of food late night
Excess consumption of water
Regular intake of heavy to digest food
Intake of stale food / refrigerated food
Regular intake of spicy, oily, fermented & preserved food
Excess intake of tea , coffee
Habit of sleeping immediately post lunch
Smoking, drinking, excess intake of non-veg food
Holding up natural urges like urine , bowels or vomit and eating
Stress physically/ mentally
Staying awake at night, disturbed sleep
Irregular & sedentary lifestyle
Lack of proper hygiene
Feelings of Stress, fear, sorrow, grief , Anxiety
All the above factors over a period of time develop into GI disorders
Symptoms of Irritable Bowel syndrome
- Abdominal pain or cramping relieved by emptying your bowels
- A change in bowel habits such as diarrhoea, constipation or sometimes both
- Bloating / swelling of abdomen
- Excessive gas
- An urgent need to go to toilet
- A feeling that you need to open your bowels even if you have just been to the toilet
- A feeling that you have not fully emptied your bowel
- Diarrhea or constipation — sometimes alternating bouts of constipation and diarrhea
- Mucus in the stool
Symptoms that may indicate a more serious condition include:
- Rectal bleeding
- Abdominal pain that progresses or occurs at night
- Weight loss
Line of treatment in Ayurveda
Rasayana (rejuvenating drugs) are used for treatment of GI disorders which have following benefits:
Improve blood circulation to GI tract
Rejuvenation of cells of GI tract
It causes proper secretion of digestive juices & helps to improve appetite & digestion
Increases immunity of GI tract thus preventing from diseases
Prevention from complications & recurrence of disease itself
Lifestyle management through Ayurveda
Eat light to digest food & freshly cooked food
Eat only when hungry
Avoid long intervals between two meals
Eat fresh fruits & vegetables everyday
Include old rice / jowar, moongdal, bittergourd, pumpkin, pomegranate, gooseberry, pudina, turmeric, coriander, cumin seeds , hing (asafoetida), coconut, rocksalt, cow ghee, cow milk, fresh buttermilk in daily food to prevent GI diseases
Drink little lukewarm water after meals..it aids proper digestion of food.
Walk slowly for 15-20 min after every meal. It aids digestion of food.
Excercise for 30 min daily.
Practice yogasan like :
Dhanurasana, Shavasana, Matsyasana, Pavanmuktasana, Halasana, Suryanamaskar etc for IBS, constipation etc.
Ardhamatsyendrasana, Mayurasana, Trikonasana, Dhanurasana, Bhujangasana, Halasana, Usthrasana - Overall GI health
Avoid extremely hot & spicy food
Avoid excess drinking of tea, coffee etc.
Avoid excess physical or mental stress & negative attitude
Avoid sedentary & irregular lifestyle
Avoid alcohol, smoking etc
Avoid excess drinking of water in morning especially
Avoid sleeping in the afternoon & staying awake till late night.
Ayurveda defines "Health" as a state of complete physical, mental & social well-being and not merely absence of diseases or infirmity. Ayurveda is and will remain committed to providing complete health. Gastro-intestinal disorders are commonly found and considered to be easily curable. But if not treated on time can lead to several complications. Ayurveda has the potential to treat the root cause of all these diseases instead of just giving symptomatic treatment.