Vitamin D is an essential vitamin which is readily available from sunlight.

Functions of Vitamin D:

  • Vitamin D promotes calcium and phosphorus absorption hence prevents osteoporosis and hypocalcaemic tetany
  • Vitamin D takes part in cell growth, neuromuscular function, immune function and in the reduction of inflammation
  • Reduces the risk of multiple sclerosis, decreases the chance of hypertension, heart diseases, psoriasis, rheumatoid arthritis, fights depression and even the likelihood of developing flu

Factors preventing the absorption of Vitamin D:

Many lifestyle and environmental factors affect the ability to get sufficient amounts of vitamin D through the sun. 

These factors include:

  • Pollution
  • Use of sunscreen lotions
  • Reduced exposure to the sun (spending more time indoors)
  • Living in big cities where buildings block sunlight
  • Having dark complexion
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Symptoms of Vitamin D Deficiency:

  • General tiredness, aches, pains and a general sense of not feeling well.
  • Severe bone or muscular pain.
  • A weakness that may cause difficulty climbing stairs or getting up from the floor or cause the person to walk with a waddling gait.
  • Stress fractures especially in the legs, pelvis, and hips.

Dietary Source of Vitamin D:

  • Seafood's such as Salmon, Sardines, Shrimp
  • Milk and milk products such as butter, cheese, yogurt, buttermilk
  • Cereals
  • Oranges
  • Mushrooms