Under eye dark circles are a common appearance if you do not get the adequate hours of sleep or if you are subjected to stress over a prolonged period of time. However, if you notice the presence of under eye dark circles even after getting sufficient sleep, that might be a result of crater formation or swollen eyelids.

Causes of under eye dark circles:

1. Constant exposure to the sun: Which might lead to an over-secretion of melanin (the pigment responsible for skin colouration).

2. Excessive Rubbing of eyes: Dark circles might also occur if you randomly rub or scratch your eyes as an unconscious habit. 

3. Allergy/Contact Dermatitis: Dark circles might also develop due to allergies or eczema (skin inflammation) or contact dermatitis (a condition wherein rashes develop accompanied by severe itching after coming in contact with a foreign substance). 

4. Old Age: The gradual loosening of skin along with fats and collagen as you grow old can result in dark circles of reddish-blue hue.

5. Excessive consumption of tobacco and alcohol: these might also form dark circles under the eyes.

6. Nutritional deficiencies: Nutrients in our diet play a vital role in maintaining both the aesthetics and the functionality of our eyes and deficiency of some of these can surely cause under eye dark circles. Nutrients like vitamin B 12, K, E and iron deficiency are just few of them.

7. Hereditary factors 

8. Stress

9. Lack of sleep

Home remedies for treating under eye dark circles

  1. Apply almond oil on your dark circles and leave it overnight
  2. Cut thick slices of cucumber, place them for 30 minutes on your eyes and then wash them thoroughly
  3. Apply juice of raw potato on your dark circles for 2 to 3 weeks 

Under eye dark circles are not a serious medical condition and can be easily decreased or eliminated by following procedures:

  1.  In order to eradicate dark circles, you can opt for a procedure which combines aqua jet, glycolic peel (which helps to shed the affected skin in the under-eye region and initiate the natural reduction of the dark circles), microcurrent (which keeps the affected region duly hydrated) and associated home ingredients to strengthen the skin around your eyes. 
  2. To prevent dark circles, you can also opt for a procedure which revitalises the under-eye regions with the help of high platelet-containing plasma. The platelets help in the creation of collagen (the building block of the skin) that restores freshness of your skin. This procedure is completely safe as it is a natural one and does not come with any side effect. 

In addition to the aforementioned procedures, you can also use a serum containing soy and rice peptides, yeast protein, hyaluronic acid, and extracts from seaweed. 

If you wish to discuss any specific problem, you can consult an Ophthalmologist.