A tear in the linings of the anus in called as Fissure. Any Trauma or Injury which Stretches the anal canal can cause a fissure. Most commonly this is caused by Passing Hard Stools leading to bleeding and pain during passing stool.
Acute Anal Fissure heals on its own in almost 6 weeks by the self-care and using few ointments containing Diltiazem 2% or Nitroglycerine 0.2% topical ointments.Chronic anal fissures may last longer than 6 weeks -- may need medicine or surgery to help them heal.
Here are some Tips To Prevent Anal Fissures:
The Main Aim of treatment is to prevent pain and discomfort and allow the torn lining to heal.The main goal should be avoiding hard stool formations. Follow this few simple tips and some lifestyle modification and stay healthy always.
- Never Ignore your urge to go by doing so stool may become hard to pass and end up causing tear and pain.
- Never strain or sit for a long time on toilets this can increase pain in the anal canal.
- If you are suffering from chronic constipation or diarrhoea get your self-treated for the same.
- Always clean and dry your anal area every time you pass stool.
- To improve the blood flow and relax the anal sphincter perform sitz bath by soaking the rectal area in warm water two-three times a day.
- Try to avoid soaps and bubble bath as they can irritate the skin.
- In order to avoid constipation eat fibre rich diet add green veggies to diet, citrus fruits and beans to get 25-35 grams of fibre every day.
- Try to stay hydrated throughout the day, drink plenty of water.
- Use laxatives medicines to avoid constipation, if adding fibres to your diet does not work.