Articles on reproductive health

6 Tips for Improving Men's Health

Dr. Sujoy Dasgupta, Gynecologist/Obstetrician
So, some tips for men's health- as well as an attempt to eliminate some myths and misconceptions.Men’s health1. Stay healthyCheck regularly whether foreskin of penis (the skin covering the red portion of the penis, called “glans penis”) can be retracted backwards or not. This is for male who are not circumcised. And clean the materials (“white materials”- called smegma) collected beneath the skin regularly. If it cannot be retracted normally or during urination or intercourse, it is likely to be abnormal. And it may be a condition called “Phimosis”. If you feel you have phimosis or tight foreskin, do not force to retract it, because in doing so you will land up in more difficult and emergency situation, called “Paraphimosis”. So, only solution is to get it checked by doctor. Phimosis is common in males with diabetes and those having repeated infections. It can lead to further infections, problems during urination (that may even damage kidneys) and even cancer of penis in the long run.Do not ignore any abnormal swelling or ulcer or pain or tumour or any white or reddish patch in penis or scrotum. But some conditions are very normal like PPP (pearly penile papules) that look like small reddish or pinkish granules at the broader end of the glans penis. Similarly it is very common to have very dark pigmentation of penis and scrotum, even in very fairly skinned persons, especially in our country.Testicles should be checked regularly, at least once a week. Please remember, both testes are not of exactly same size and they do not lie exactly at the same level (one little above and one little low). And scrotum reacts with change of temperature. So, in cold days, scrotum contracts and you have scrotum lifted up so that testes lie at higher position. Conversely at warm days, they hang down more.But never ignore any injury, swelling or pain in scrotum or testes. Some peculiar sensation (“pain in lower abdomen”) is common during accidental pressing of testes and this indicates testes are normal. Absence of such sensation is usually abnormal. But if testicular pain persists you should not ignore it. The pain may be due to stone in kidney or infection in urine or testes or even tumour. And sharp stabbing pain indicates that there may be torsion which is a medical emergency (twisting of testis, if not treated early, can damage testes). The causes of testicular swelling are usually hydrocele (collection of water outside testes). Infection or tumour. Remember, testicular tumour or cancer is very common malignancy in young male but it responds well to treatment. Any swelling in scrotum above testes should also be noted. Sometimes it may be varicocele (swelling of veins above testes), hernia or some cysts.2. Urinary problemsDo not ignore if you have difficulty in urination like pain, requiring more pressure, increased frequency, difficult to start, not feeling any desire or very strong urge that is difficult to control. In younger age it is due to stone or infection or some narrowing of passage (urethral stricture). In older age, it is likely to be due to prostatic enlargement. Remember, prostate enlargement is common after 40 years but in very few cases, it may be cancer. Men with family history of prostatic cancer needs ‘cancer screening” like regular check up for detection of cancer in early stage.Blood in urine is another problem that indicates some injury or stone, tumour or infection. Even cancer in urinary tract can cause passage of blood in urine.3. Sexual ProblemsMost of the sexually active men are often obsessed about size of the penis. But it actually maters little for satisfaction unless it is abnormally low (“Micropenis”). Do not feel that the pictures shown in internet or film are real. So all the methods of ‘’enlargement techniques” are actually bogus. If it is micropenis, it needs proper evaluation to diagnose the cause of the cause and then the cause needs to be treated to achieve actual normal size.Masturbation is not harmful for sexual health except that it may interfere with concentration in other activities (like study and work) and sometimes can lead to premature ejaculation.Sometimes people complain about ‘’low sex stamina”. It is a vague term. It should be either of the three like low desire, erectile dysfunction (ED) or ejaculatory problems. Low desire for sex is a condition that needs proper evaluation to diagnose the cause. Remember, ”Viagra” is not the solution for each and every sexual problem. Low desire can be successfully treated if we can address the actual cause of such ‘’low desire”.ED is a common problem faced by many men, with increased incidence at older age. While some ED has psychological causes, majority of this can be due to some serious conditions like heart diseases, diabetes, nerve problems, hormonal problems, drugs and even some problems in penis itself etc. S, if you directly take “Viagra” without proper evaluation, you are actually damaging your health by delaying the diagnosis of heart disease or diabetes. Sometimes, it may be the earliest symptom of heart disease or diabetes. So, never ignore it.Painful erection, especially without sexual stimulation is called ‘Priapism” and thi is a quite serious problem. Not only it is caused by diseases like blood diseases, even cancers etc; it may damage the penis seriously.Any swelling of penis after intercourse should not be ignored, especially if it affects whole of the penis. This is called “Fracture of Penis” that is a medical emergency.Some people are facing problems with early ejaculation that leads to very low sex timing. This premature ejaculation (PE) is easily treatable by some drugs and few tips and exercises but it needs long term treatment. Please do not think that duration of ‘’normal” intercourse would be more than one hour. Anything around 5 minutes are sufficient for satisfaction.Similarly absence of ejaculation or presence of blood in semen or bleeding during intercourse are abnormal and needs medical attention, although these problems are relatively uncommon.4. InfectionInfection in sex organs may have long term consequences like urinary problems, infertility, sexual problems etc and so must not be ignored. All these have been discussed in point number one “”Stay Healthy”)5. Male InfertilityDue to changes in environment, food habits, addiction and pollution- male infertility is increasing. Semen test is integral part of male fertility testing. But remember, one abnormal semen analysis is not m=necessarily meaning that that person cannot father a baby. With advent of various treatment options, we need to know the cause of male infertility. The next plan is to treat the cause. Even if the cause cannot be treated, there is no loss of hope. Some male have normal sperm production in testes but sperms cannot come out in semen due to obstruction in the passage. In that case, collection of semen from testes can make that male father. On the other hand, if sperm is not produced inside the testes, we need to know the cause and then that cause should be corrected6. ContraceptionCondom is a very good method of contraceptive that also provides protection against infection. It prevents transmission of infection and STD (even HIV) from one partner to another. But correct use is very much important to know as often it breaks or slips due to incorrect use.Medical methods of male contraceptives (like pills) are not very much popular, unlike females, due to very few studies and serious side effects (like permanent sterility).Vasectomy is a very effective method of permanent family planning. It does not decrease sexual pleasure and needs very little operative time. It is very easy to do, even without need of hospitalization. But after vasectomy, the couple should use alternative contraceptive for at least 3 months, because immediately after vasectomy, the contraceptive benefits are not obtained.

Let's Talk About Men's Health!

Dr. Anish Kumar Gupta, Andrologist
In general, men have poorer health habits, poorer quality of health and shorter life expectancy than women. This may be because they are more likely to engage in unhealthy behaviour, and are at times less likely than women to adopt preventive health measures. But men’s health issues don’t affect only men - they have a significant impact on their family and friends, too.The conditions we will talk about can influence everything from sexual and marital relations to quality and length of life. Unfortunately, a lot of these issues - particularly the ones having to do with sex or masculinity - are very hard for men to talk about.TestosteroneTestosterone is the most important hormone for the normal growth and development of male sex and reproductive organs. it’s possible for the development of male characteristics such as body and facial hair, muscle growth and strength, and deep baritone of voice. Normal levels influence sexual function and production of sperm, and promote a healthy sex drive.Men’s testosterone levels naturally decrease as they age. But if the levels drop below the normal range - whether because of age, injury to the testicles, pituitary gland or hypothalamus, or a genetic disorder - some uncomfortable and often distressing symptoms may develop, including:1.     Diminished interest in sex.2.     Regression of secondary sexual characteristics, such as facial hair and deepening of the voice3.     Impotence or Erectile Dysfunction.4.     Depression5.     FatigueAs many as 50 million men are assumed to be suffering from testosterone deficiency, often associated with a condition called hypogonadism, but less than 1% receive treatment in India. Left unchecked for two long, this condition is linked with significant, long term health problems, such as loss of muscle mass and even osteoporosis.Fortunately, though, testosterone deficiency is usually very treatable.Treatment can take the form of testosterone replacement therapy, which helps provide and maintain normal levels of testosterone. Men should ask their doctors whether testosterone replacement therapy is appropriate for them.Hypogonadism is covered in another article written by me.ProstateThe prostate is a walnut sized gland that manufactures fluid for semen. It’s located just in front of the rectum, an area of the body that men are often embarrassed to talk about.Prostatitis is a significant health concern for men. While the cause of prostatitis are not well understood, it is believed that the condition might be caused by a bacterial infection or a inflammatory autoimmune response similar to that seen with allergies and asthma. Symptoms may include a discharge, discomfort, pain in the prostate or testicles, or frequent urination. A urologist should be consulted for proper treatment.The prostate naturally enlarges as men age. Early affects of this growth ( called BPH for benign prostatic hypertrophy) include painful urination or difficulty starting or stopping the stream of urine. Left untreated, BPH can lead to more serious problems, such as urinary tract infections, bladder and kidney damage, kidney stones or incontinence.Prostate CancerIt is the one of the most common cancer in men. Every year, over 200,000 men are diagnosed with this disease, and approximately 30,000 die. But if caught early, through either a digital rectal examination (DRE) or a prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test, this disease is often treatable. In the early stages, prostate cancer causes no symptoms. However, as the disease develops, so do the red flags. Men should notify a doctor immediately if they notice any of the following1.     Hip or back pain.2.     Difficulty urinating.3.     Painful or burning urination.4.     Blood in the urine.A man may consider a baseline prostate specific antigen after knowing and understanding the natural history of the disease, complications of treatment and life expectancy. The baseline test can be done at an age of 40 years, though, recommendations vary. Asian population at large is known to have less incidence of prostate cancer as compared to our western counterparts. (Who is fit for Prostate Cancer Screening, would be covered in different article) TreatmentOptions for Cancer Prostate include surgical removal of Prostate, radiation, hormone therapy, immunotherapy and cryosurgery. Men with localised, low risk prostate cancer might choose active surveillance, closely monitoring the cancer to see if it progresses or becomes aggressive, to determine if treatment is needed. Options and possible side effects of treatment should be discussed with a urologist.Prostate cancer - Misconceptions Part 1 has been covered in another article.Testicular CancerCancer of the testicles is the most common cancer in the ages 15 to 35. Although it can’t be prevented, it has a high cure rate if detected early. Early detection is the key to success.Symptoms include:1.     Lumps / enlargement of testis.2.     A feeling of pulling or unusual weight in the scrotum.3.     Pain / discomfort in the testis or scrotum4.     Dull ache in the lower abdomen5.     Enlargement or tenderness of the breasts..The best way to spot testicular cancer is by doing a self examination. Unfortunately, too few boys and young men know that they should examine their testicles monthly, even fewer know how to do these exams, and too many feel uncomfortable touching themselves “down there”. So ask your loved one whether he knows how to do a testicular exam. If he doesn’t, encourage him to talk to his doctor about the proper way to do one. We will be also covering this topic in further articles.Testicular Self Examination has been covered in another article.ERECTILE DYSFUNCTION / IMPOTENCEIt is the inability of a man to get or to maintain an erection sufficient for his sexual needs or the needs of his partner. ED is incredibly common - most men have it briefly at some point in their lives. But for a many as 50 - 60 million men in India, ED is a chronic condition.Although ED becomes more common with age, men of any age can suffer with it. Sadly, they generally refuse to discuss  it with either their partner or their doctors. As a result, men feel embarrassed and women in their life often feel that the man in their life doesn’t find them attractive. So if you want to make love and your husband says he has a headache, pay attention; it might be something far more serious.Although 70% of the time, ED is caused by an underlying health problem, most often diabetes (as many as half of all men with diabetes suffer from ED). ED may also be caused by kidney disease, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, and drug or alcohol abuse or hypogonadism. The remaining 30% of the cases are cause by stress, anxiety, depression, or sometimes the medications used to treat these conditions.In most cases whether ED is caused by a physical or physiological problem, it’s treatable, which means it does not have to be natural or inevitable part of growing older. Treatments include drug therapy, penile implants, vacuum devices that manually create an erection, injections, or other alternatives. Your loved one should talk to his doctor to determine the cause and the most appropriate treatment.Erectile Dysfunction has been covered in detail in another article.

10 Things About Emergency Contraceptives Women Must Know

Dr. Jyotsna Gupta, Gynecologist/Obstetrician
Emergency contraceptive pill is a pill used by a woman after having an unprotected intercourse to prevent her from getting pregnant. It is sometimes called "the morning after pill," "the day after pill," or "morning after contraception or postcoital pill. the term ”morning after pill” is misleading; ECPs may be initiated sooner than the morning after—immediately after unprotected intercourse—or later—for at least 72 hours after unprotected intercourse. ECPs are considered 96-98% effective in preventing pregnancy.The word “Emergency” is important to note. If you are sexually active or planning to be, don't use emergency contraception as your only protection against pregnancy.Many youths in India are using ECPs like I pill & Unwanted 72 without caring about their after effects on the health of the girl.Most youngsters have unprotected sex depending on these emergency contraceptive pills. However, i-pill or any other emergency pill is not a contraceptive pill you can depend on daily. With the fabulous marketing that these pills do, it has succeeded in making it one of India’s most favored ‘emergency contraceptive pills’. In a country like India where people only expect you to have sex after getting married, these advertisements are highly misleading.But before you think of it as a miracle pill, you should know about the dangerous side effects of these emergency contraceptive pills. Given below are 10 facts about the emergency pill that every sexually active woman must know about and ask their partner for a much safer option like condom.The emergency contraceptive pill is not an abortion pill. It stops pregnancy but cannot terminate it. Therefore it is ineffective if a woman is already pregnant.The pill is to be taken soon after unprotected sex. It should be taken preferably within 24 hours and before 72 hours or else the pill may turn useless. Emergency contraceptive pill is about 96-98% effective only if taken in time.It does not offer protection against HIV/AIDS or other sexually transmitted diseases.If you are on long-term medication for any ailment, consult a doctor before taking the emergency contraceptive pill.Nausea, breast tenderness, delayed menstruation, lower abdominal ache, headache, vomiting and irregular menstruation are some of the temporary side-effects of the emergency contraceptive pill. However, these effects subside within a day or two depending on the metabolism of the woman.The emergency contraceptive pill is to be used only as an emergency contraceptive method. It should not be used as a regular contraceptive method and is quite unhealthy if taken more than twice a month.According to researchers, emergency pill can reduce sexual interest; lead to skin allergies and also prepone periods in some women. Other women complain of severe headache which is a result of hormonal imbalance.A woman who has an allergy to Levonorgestrel (contraceptive pills) must consult a doctor before taking the contraceptive pill.The emergency pill is only safe for women between the ages of 25 and 45. It is not the best contraceptive method for teenagers. With the rate of teenage pregnancy growing in India, there is need to educate the youth about the harmful side effects of the i-pill on a developing reproductive system.The emergency contraceptives are hormonal pills and its long time usage can lead to severe menstrual problems or even ovarian damage.

The Unmet need for Contraception in India!

Dr. Neelam Nath Bhatia, General Physician
26th September Is World Contraceptive Day & India Needs More Awareness.We were 1 billion in 1999 and we are 1.3 billion now in 2016. Why is one billion figure is worth its might- to cause a scare or to remind us about our depleting resources like water, food, and polluted air?Also because Dev Anand made a movie around same time titled 100 Crore to remind us about our might to Fight Corruption!If a qualified doctor happens to work in a one amongst thousands of rural villages right within Delhi/ NCR ,the harsh reality of numbers stares at us. No family has less than 4- 5 children and women are married at less than 18,the official age ,they have kids one after another every year in a row,by the time they are 25 , they are anemic mothers along with malnourished kids hanging around them but not willing to go to school despite education being made free.Still, it is our duty to guide these people, being visited by Government Vans to give them advice for free.Nobody offers them a Cafeteria approach to choose.Every contraceptive does not suit all women. It cannot be robotic.Why I wrote women here? Do men share no responsibility about family planning matters? The harsh reality is Yes.There are Myths associated with Male sterilizations, though medically it is the Safest for man and his family as Abdomen is Not involved. It is No Cut Vasectomy and the man walks out of clinic as if no procedure has been done, ready to go to work the same very day ,including lifting weights etc.Compare this with keyhole surgery of tubal ligation (safest choice for a woman who has completed her family) It looks like 1 stitch operation , but without sounding scary about the surgery, local anesthesia is given and abdomen is bloated up with gas to see tubes through a machine and bands are tied on both tubes one after another. Like any abdominal surgery, there is pain afterward , the woman is advised Not to Lift heavy weights for about 2 weeks lest the bands come out and Operation is a Failure.For temporary contraception, Pills, Condoms ( protection against STDs also ) are suggested but side effects are - Condoms have 20% failure rate,pills have side effects associated with hormones ( more on that later in another article)IUCD-Intrauterine Contraceptive Device is fairly good provided it is inserted to women under hygienic conditions & she does not suffer from heavy periods.I-pill means Only Emergency pill, it is loaded with hormones and can make regular cycle as erratic.Some girls have become habitual of taking it as a routine.Similarly, OCs should Not be given for more than 6 months at a stretch.A recent introduction is an injection for 5 years. This injection is the one being given every 3 months to avoid pregnancy. It is for women who forget to take a pill every day.Injection has hormone Progesterone. The woman is loaded with a dose for 3 months instead of a low dose to be taken daily. These women tend to get an Early Menopause & other conditions related to high doses of hormones. Motivate as many women as possible for safer procedures like Laprascopic Ligation / IUCD after asking them the details about their complex problems.One Happy woman may Not Share her Experience but another unhappy woman with wrongly fitted IUCD in a Van by Inexperienced Nurse/Health Worker is going to badmouth to entire Mohalla about bad effects of IUCD/Ligations.

Homoeopathy - The Holistic Solution For Complete Well Being

Dr. Amit Vora, Homeopath
Definition of HealthThe most commonly quoted definition of health is that formalized by the World Health Organization (WHO) over half a century ago; “A complete state of Physical, Mental and Social well-being, and not merely the absence of Disease or Infirmity.” Mental and Social diseasesPhysical & Mental HealthWhen we talk of health we generally think of physical health and rarely about mental health and social health.Health is just understood absence of any physical ailmentsMental HealthGood Mental Health is the ability to respond to the many varied experiences of life with flexibility and a sense of purpose. For e.g.: Grief, Disappointment, Ambitions unfulfilled, Loss of near ones,Loss of Position, Financial Loss, Jealousy, Revenge, Reserved displeasureMental health has been defined as a state of balance between the individual & the surrounding world , a state of Harmony between oneself and others, a co existence between the realities of self and that of other people and that of the environment Social HealthSocial health is component which has something to do with interacting     with others such as socializing with friends, relatives, and others in a desirable way; having friends of all ages ;and accepting responsibility for othersSocial determinants of health are elements in the environment in which youth live, learn, and play that shape their long term  physical, mental, emotional health and well being.Introduction to HomoeopathyHomeopathy is an international system with holistic concepts of treatment.  The system is practiced in over 85 countries especially in Europe, Latin America, United States and Asia.Homeopathic remedies are made from plant, animal products, minerals or certain inert materials.The manufacturing of Homeopathic medicines is recognized and regulated by Drugs and Cosmetic Act, 1940 and the Drugs and Cosmetic Rule, 1945. The medicines are manufactured by established pharmaceutical companies under strict Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP)notified by the Government. Homeopathy is recognised as one of the National system of medicine through the Homeopathy Central Council Act, 1973. Homeopaths understand that the body, mind and emotions are not independent and distinct, but are fully integrated in health,diseases and treatment. Based on this holistic perspective, homeopaths uses remedies prepared from natural sources that fit a patient's physical, mental,and social aspects to stimulate body’s own healing powers.The general public has tremendous faith towards Homeopathy for the treatment of acute and chronic health problems.Disease prevention and health promotion are its other strength. Homeopathic medicines have a positive and long lasting effect on allergic rhinitis, asthma,Back pains, Migraines, Allergies, Lifestyle disorders. Homeopath treat conditions ranging from headaches, fevers, stress, arthritis, maternal and pediatric problems, eczema and so on.Homeopathic medicines are used as a standalone treatment or as an adjunct with medicines of other systems for a variety of clinical conditions like Diabetes , Hypercholestrol, Thyroid, Depression.  The main approach is diagnosis based on complete history of the disease in the patient as well as on an understanding of the patient’s temperament, personality,lifestyle and food habits.No Side effects, Safety of the medicines,easy to administer even to infants and economic considerations are the major attraction towards Homeopathy. The individualized treatment options especially for long term diseases are adding popularity of Homeopathy.

All About Contraception, a Man or Women Must Know

Dr. Jyotsna Gupta, Gynecologist/Obstetrician
There are different methods of contraception, including:Long-acting reversible contraception, such as an implant, or an intra uterine deviceHormonal contraception such as contraceptive pills – “the pill”, the injection and vaginal ringsbarriers methods, such as condoms and diaphragmsFertility awarenessEmergency contraceptionpermanent contraception, such as vasectomy and tubal ligation.LONG-ACTING REVERSIBLE CONTRACEPTIONLong-acting reversible contraception (LARC) is a contraceptive that lasts for a long time. You don’t need to remember it every day or even every month.an intrauterine device (IUD) that lasts five or more yearsan implant under the skin that lasts either three or five years.These types of contraception last longer so are more effective at preventing pregnancy because you don't have to worry about forgetting pills or a condom breaking or coming off.They are “fit and forget” contraception.HORMONAL CONTRACEPTIVES“The Pill" is one of the most popular contraceptive methods The Pill comes in two forms:combined oral contraceptive pillprogestogen-only contraceptive pillBoth are taken daily and are over 99% effective at preventing pregnancy when taken correctly.BARRIER METHODSBarrier methods stop sperm from entering the vagina. There are three main barrier methods of contraception:male condomsfemale condomsdiaphragms.Condoms protect against sexually transmissible infections (STIs) as well as unwanted pregnancy.A diaphragm (with spermicide) is inserted into a woman’s vagina before intercourse. It must always be used with spermicide.FERTILITY AWARENESSFertility awareness is recognising the signs of fertility in a woman’s menstrual cycle. It can be used to understand your own menstrual cycle, plan a pregnancy or avoid a pregnancy.Knowing when you ovulate (release an egg from your ovary). Avoiding intercourse during ovulation periods and knowing your safe days also helps in avoiding pregnancy.For a regular period of 28 days, it is considered that ovulation takes place in mid of the cycle and day 8th to 19th days are considered fertile days.  If your menstrual cycle is irregular, the success rate of this method decreases drastically.  EMERGENCY CONTRACEPTIONWe have two options for emergency contraception - the emergency contraceptive pill (ECP) or a copper IUD.Emergency contraception can be used to prevent pregnancy after you have had sex when:you haven't used protectionyour normal contraception fails e.g. condom splitsyou have missed more than one contraceptive pillyou have been vomiting or had diarrhoea while on the pillyou have been forced to have sex without contraception.WHAT IS PERMANENT CONTRACEPTION?Permanent contraception is sterilisation that permanently prevents pregnancy. The procedure for men is a vasectomy and for women it is tubal ligation.

Good Sleep for Good Health

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Nothing makes you feel more refreshed than a good sleep in night. It is a natural cyclic state of resting for mind and body. There’s more to an ideal 7-8 hrs of sleep than just preparing our bodies for the next day. Adequate sleep is an essential part of good health and plays an important role in all body functions hence ensuring a better mental and physical fitness.The National Sleep Foundation (NSF) reported that good sleep is essential for a person’s health and well being.Lord Chesterfield very well said that “A light supper, a good night's sleep and a fine morning have often made a hero out of the same man, who, by indigestion, a restless night and a rainy morning would have proved a coward."Now, the question is “Can good sleep make good health?”Yes, sleep makes you feel better. Adequate sleep is a key part of a healthy lifestyle. Without it, one becomes more susceptible to health problems, such as heart disease, obesity, depression and many more. Some facts of sleep which lead to a healthy life are -Good Sleep Keeps Heart Healthy: Lack of sleep has been associated with worsening of blood pressure and cholesterol so some experts say that heart will be healthier if one gets between( 7 -9 hours) of sleep each night.Sleep Helps to Make Body Repairs: Sleep is a time for your body to repair damage caused by stress, ultraviolet rays and other harmful exposures. Your cells produce more protein while you are sleeping. These protein molecules form the building blocks for cells, allowing them to repair damage. This is the time when the cells undergo wear and tear and that’s what makes you feel refreshed in the morning.Good Sleep Reduces Stress: When your body is sleeping deficient, it goes into a state of stress. Therefore it is recommended to have good sleep in order to allow your body to cope with day’s stress and manage it in a better way with a relaxed mind. It is found that any amount of sleep deprivation reduces mental performance.Sleep & Weight Loss: Lack of sufficient sleep affects the appetite regulating hormones. It also aggravates cravings for high-fat and carbohydrate rich foods, making a route to weight gain. It also affects the body’s ability to regulate blood sugar levels, a key factor in weight management. So, if you want to be on a healthy weight, make sure you get a good sleep every night.Good Sleep Reduces Depression: Lack of proper sleep and depression is inter-linked. Depression may lead to insomnia and lack of sleep increases depression. Sleep impacts serotonin levels (feel-good hormone) which affect the mood of an individual.Sleep Prevents Cancer: People working for long hours have a higher risk for breast and colon cancer. There is evidence stating that good sleep can alter the balance of hormones in the body which may influence cancer progression.As very well said by Benjamin Franklin, “Early to bed and early to rise, makes a man healthy, wealthy & wise.”