Psoriasis isred scaly (silvery white) patches which can appear any where on the skin.
- Cause: Unknown.
- Possibly genetically determined.
- Common between 15-30 years.
- Precipitating factors are:
–Psychological emotional stress.
–Drugs like Steroids, Brufen, Lithium,Anti-malarials and Beta - adrenergic blockers.
Sign and symptoms:
- Usually affects both sides of body symmetrically.
- Well circumscribed red, dry plaques(flat areas on the skin) of various sizes, covered with scales.
- Removal of scales gives rise to pin-point bleeding points.
- Sites can be anywhere on the body especially on e.g. elbow, knees, sacrum and occiput.
- Lesions are coin shaped or circular with central clearing.
- Joints can get affected especially finger joints.
- Nails frequently become pitted and thick with brownish black discoloration.
- Avoid precipitating or trigger factors.
- Avoid food you are allergic to.
- Avoid smoking and alcohol.
- Avoid foods high in fat or sugar.
- Avoid non-vegetarian food – meat,poultry.
- Warmth may help to control relapses.
- Do regular exercise helps by improving blood circulation.
- Practice yoga will help in reducing stress.
- Drink plenty of water.
- Eat fresh and raw fruits and vegetables as they provide antioxidants and flavanoids which help in reducing inflammation and boosting up immunity.
- Consume figs and fish oil might help you feel better.
- Eat a well-balanced diet - Proper nutrition will improve general health and reduce the severity of the disease.Do not over eat even healthy foods.
- Limit intake of red meat and dairy products.
- Eat foods that contain psoralen before you walk out in sun - Celery, carrots, citrus, figs, fennel, and parsnips. It makes the skin more sun-sensitive to the positive effects of UV light. But do not over expose to sun.
- Consume oily fish, may help reduce the inflammation associated with psoriasis - mackerel, salmon, black cod, albacoretuna, herring and sardines.
- Have a low-calorie diet if you are over weight - about 1,200 calories per day. Some researches have shown relations between psoriasis and obesity.
- Consume gluten free diet, it benefits individuals with psoriasis (Gluten is a mixture of proteins found in some cereals, particularly wheat) – avoid wheat, rye, barley and oats they contain gluten.
- Increase intake of vitamin D.
- Increase intake of omega 3 fatty acids and reduce intake of omega 6 fatty acids (ratio of 2:1), omega 3 fatty acid has anti-inflammatory properties.
- Food rich in omega 3:
–Canola oil, flaxseed, flax seed oil,walnuts and green leafy vegetables like purslane, fish - Atlantic salmon,Atlantic halibut, Atlantic mackerel, Atlantic and Pacific herring, sardines,bluefish, tuna and cold water fish.
- Reduce (do not completely avoid)intake of food rich in omega 6:
-Cereals, vegetable oils, whole-grain breads, baked goods and margarines, eggs and poultry.
- Consume diet rich in vitamin A and zinc, helps in regeneration of the skin.
- Increase intake of vitamin C, it helps maintain healthy skin.
- Have coriander leaves frequently, its high in vitamin C and helps to maintain healthy skin.
- You can have 3-4 strands of saffron in milk, it is beneficial for skin.
- Basil leaves (tulsi) are said to be helpful in skin ailments, eat 3-4 fresh leaves daily.
- You can take vitamin and cod liver oil supplements under guidance of your physician.
- In case of prolonged duration or change in rash pattern take physicians opinion immediately.
- If symptoms get worse or if you see any Signs of infection (fever, redness of the affected area, pain) occur, see your physician immediately.