Brushing your teeth seems easy enough. But some toothbrushes are better than others and there is a right and wrong way to brush your teeth. Brushing your teeth regularly is the key to maintaining healthy teeth and gums and preventing gum (periodontal) diseases, but it's also important to make sure you choose the right toothbrush for your teeth and use proper brushing techniques. Done correctly, brushing your teeth at least twice a day — in the morning and at night before going to bed can help ensure long-term dental health. It takes time to brush effectively but most people just rush through it. Regular brushing is one of the most excellent approaches to have clean and whiter teeth and  to obtain good oral hygiene. A toothbrush is primarily designed to aid clear away bacteria and plaque from the teeth’s surfaces and to also help keep the tongue, gums and the entire mouth clean and healthy.

How to Choose a Toothbrush

Although some ancient civilizations used frayed twigs to clean their teeth, these days toothbrushes come in a variety of manual and powered forms.And the first step to taking good care of your mouth is to choose a toothbrush that's right for you.

Twigs used to clean teeth before the invention of a toothbrush
Different types of manual toothbrushes
Different types of powered toothbrushes

Different brands of toothbrushes offer diverse ranges of size and hardness and it is absurd to say that one toothbrush brand is better than the other. Of course, it all relies on what type of toothbrush fits you best. Here are some tips to keep in mind when choosing a toothbrush.

Size: The reason why it matters to consider the size of a toothbrush is because if the head of the toothbrush is much bigger, then, this might not be able to get into the narrow spaces such as areas in the back of the mouth. Choose a brush that fits comfortably in your hand and mouth. If the brush is comfortable to use, you'll use it more often and more effectively.

Hardness: Even though a lot of people think that a toothbrush that is medium or hard is more effective in cleaning the teeth as compared to a soft one, dentists recommend a toothbrush that is soft or ultra-soft. This is due to the fact that a medium or hard toothbrush can seriously damage the teeth and this may even cause the gum-line to recede.

Bristle Design: There are a variety of fancy designs for bristles with a wavy pattern, cross bristles, with added polishing cups but a flat bristled toothbrush is recommended since even pressure is exerted on the teeth while brushing.

Electric Toothbrushes VS Manual Toothbrushes

Electric or powered toothbrushes have not been proven any worse or better than manual toothbrushes. In fact, manual toothbrushes and electric toothbrushes can brush the teeth thoroughly clean if you know how to use them the proper way. Some people choose an electric toothbrush over a manual toothbrush particularly those who have issues with their shoulders and hands or are suffering from other motor functions. Apart from this, some parents find electric toothbrush as helpful and effective when brushing their children. On the other hand, other people do not prefer electric toothbrushes since the way they feel in the mouth or the sound they make aren’t that pleasant. It does not really matter what toothbrush you use so long as you brush your teeth properly as advised by your dentist, floss and use a fluoridated toothpaste.

Once you've found an appropriate toothbrush for you, you need to brush your teeth the correct way in order to maintain good oral health and keep gum (periodontal) disease at bay

How to Brush Your Teeth Effectively

The following tips can help you to get the most out of your daily brushing routine: 

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day. It is recommended to brush after every meal, if possible.
  • Take time to thoroughly brush and floss your teeth. Do not be in a hurry.
  • When you brush along your gum-line, angle your toothbrush at 45 degrees towards your gums.
  • Do not use horizontal or vertical scrubbing     actions, gently vibrate the brush and sweep in the direction opposite the gums.
  • Don't brush too roughly — use a gentle motion so you don’t damage your gums.
  • Brush with a fluoride toothpaste to fight off tooth decay.
  • Focus on cleaning every tooth surface with your toothbrush.
  • Brush your tongue to scrape off the bacteria that causes bad breath.
  • Rinse the brush thoroughly before and after each use.
  • Replace your toothbrush or toothbrush head (in case of an electric brush) every two to three months, or after a bout of cold.

If you need additional help figuring out how best to brush your teeth,visit your dentist & learn the proper brushing technique. A toothbrush alone can’t do everything to maintain your oral health and your teeth because a toothbrush can’t get between your teeth. Only a dental floss can do that, so remember to floss each day, and see your dentist for regular checkups.