PCOD & Anovulation (lack of egg release) is very common. It manifests as amenorrhea (lack of menses),       dysfunctional uterine bleeding (abnormal menstruation), hirsutism (unwanted hair growth), and infertility.

PCOD leads to an increased risk of obesity, insulin resistance, diabetes mellitus, coronary vascular disease (sometimes increased blood pressure), endometrial hyperplasia & neoplasia. 

How to Identify PCOD:         

  • PCOD presents with obesity, excessive hair growth, menstrual irregularities, polycystic ovaries and infertility.
  • Persistent lack of egg release for a long time leads to chronic anovulation status which leads to PCOD.
  • The clinical features of PCOD reflect a functional derangement in egg development resulting in anovulation.
  • PCOD is a polygenic disorder likely involved in the interaction of genetic variants and environmental factors. 

Management of PCOD:

  • Lifestyle modification - Weight reduction is the first and foremost treatment for obese women. A weight loss of even 5% improves the ovulatory function and increases the conception rate.
  • Dietary restriction – This helps in the reduction of calorie intake, which eventually results in weight loss.
  • Exercise - Instead of a simple walk, it’s better to indulge in vigorous, regular exercises.
  • Medical management – Use of prescribed medications such as metformin to reduce weight.     
  • As evident menstrual irregularity isn't the only symptom, there is a host of other symptoms associated with PCOD

Salient Points About PCOD:

  • As evident menstrual irregularity isn't the only symptom of PCOD, it comes with a host of other identifiable symptoms.
  • PCOD can be managed and treated in consultation with an Obs/Gynaec specialist.
  • Contrary to popular belief, one can still become pregnant provided there is proper planning and follow-ups with one's Obs/Gynaec.

Disclaimer: This article is written by the Practitioner for informational and educational purposes only. The content presented on this page should not be considered a substitute for medical expertise. Please "DO NOT SELF-MEDICATE" and seek professional help regarding any health conditions or concerns. Practo will not be responsible for any act or omission arising from the interpretation of the content present on this page.