- PCOD & Anovulation (lack of egg release) is very common.Manifest as amennorhea (lack of menses),       dysfunctional uterine bleeding (abnormal menstruation), Hirsuitism (unwanted hairgrowth), Infertility.

- PCOD leads to increased risk of obesity, insulin resistance, Diabetes mellitus, Coronary vascular disease (sometimes increased blood pressure), endometrial hyperplasia & neoplasia. 


- PCOD presents with obesity, excessive hair growth, menstrual irregularities, polycystic ovaries and infertility.

- Persistent lack of egg release for longer time leads to chronic anovulation status which leads to PCOD.

- The clinical features of PCOS reflect a functional derangement in egg development resulting in anovulation.

- PCOD is a polygenic disorder likely involved in the interaction of genetic variants and environmental factor. 

Management of PCOD:

- Lifestyle modification - Weight reduction is the first best treatment for obese women. Even 5% weight loss will improve the ovulatory function and increases the conception rate and decreases the abortion rate.

- Diet restriction – It means decrease the calorie intake.

- Instead of doing a simple walk, it’s better to do vigorous exercises (profuse sweating) and it should be regular.

- Medical management – Metformin is used for the weight reduction but it is not primary.