Articles on oral sedation dentistry

How Heart Disease and Oral Health Are Connected!

Dr. Harish Rathi, Dentist
The heart and mouth connection- Did you know that heart disease and oral health are linked? There are two different connections between heart disease and your oral health:People with moderate or advanced gum (periodontal) disease are more likely to have heart disease than those with healthy gums.Oral health holds clues to overall health. oral health can provide warning signs for other diseases or conditions, including heart disease.Many of the risk factors for gum disease are the same as those for heart disease, such as tobacco use, poor nutrition and diabetes. Overall, people who have chronic gum disease are at higher risk for a heart attackGum disease (called gingivitis in its early stages and periodontal disease in the late stages) is caused by plaque build up along and below the gum line. Gum disease may contribute to heart disease because bacteria from infected gums can dislodge, enter the bloodstream, attach to blood vessels and increase clot formation. It has also been suggested that inflammation caused by gum disease may also trigger clot formation. Clots decrease blood flow to the heart, thereby causing an elevation in blood pressure and increasing the risk of a heart attack.Research shows that many systemic diseases – including heart disease – have oral symptoms. Dentists can help patients who have a history of heart disease by examining them for any signs of oral pain, infection or inflammation. proper diagnosis and treatment of tooth and gum infections in some of these patients have led to a decrease in blood pressure medications and improved overall health. If you currently have heart disease,make sure to tell your dentist about your condition as well as any medications you are currently taking.Warning signs that you may have gum disease include:Red, tender or swollen gumsBleeding gums while brushing or flossingGums that seem to be pulling away from your teethChronic bad breath or abad taste in your mouthTeeth that are loose or separating from each other

Dentistry Is Not Expensive, Neglect Is!

Dr. Abid Pasha, Dentist
Mouth reflects the overall health status of an individual. Many people complain that even after brushing many times in a day their teeth still look dirty, have bad breath , their gums bleed, or they have developed cavities and their teeth hurt. They always wonder what is it that they are doing that is going wrong. They try a variety of toothpastes,or brushes or even mouth wash. Try out home remedies advised by their friends and family members. But will only seek professional help when things go really bad.In this article I want to assert the need for regular dental check ups and explain the need for it.CAUSE OF TOOTH DECAYIn the ancient times people used to believe that teeth decays due to infestation of worms in their mouth or some thought it was a punishment from God. In 1890 a dentist by name W.D Miller formulated a theory that held that caries is caused by acids produced by oral bacteria following fermentation of sugars. Which means teeth decay if there is food stuck onto them. When ever carbohydrates are consumed the bacteria in the mouth begin fermenting and producing organic acids which attacks the tooth, resulting in loss of its structure (i.e cavities)Once the cavity has begun further progression is inevitable which leads to further loss of tooth structure, involvement of the tooth pulp which provides nutrition to the tooth, unless evasive measures are taken.PREVENTION OF TOOTH DECAYAs the saying goes prevention is better than cure, it holds a lot of ground with respect to teeth. Many of the diseases of teeth can be prevented. Here are the measures.Regular dental check ups: Yes I have mentioned this first because the initial cavities are so tiny, that only a dentist can identify and can curb the decay process in its initial stage itself. Also by using materials called Pit and fissure Sealants the most susceptible parts can be sealed off. Tooth Brushing: Commonly used method, but how many of us actually do it right. Brush twice in a day especially before going to sleep.Brushing technique: A soft tooth brush and Toothpaste containing sodium fluoride is what you need (irrespective of the brand). keep the brush at a 45 degree angle to the long axis of your teeth and brush away from your gums( i.e. in a downward motion for your upper teeth and in an upward motion for your lower teeth. (look up for videos on YouTube for brushing technique). And don't forget to clean every corner of your mouth gentlyFlossing: Dental floss is a very important tool to clean the areas which cannot be reached by your tooth brush i.e in between the teeth.  Wrap about 18 or 20 inches of floss around your middle finger of your working hand and secure the other end with the middle finger of the other hand.Pass the floss gently in between each pair of teeth in a sawing motion and rub it up and down.Mouth rinses: Mouth wash maybe used as an adjunct to regular oral care but not to be used as a substitute for brushing and flossingDental disease does occur like any other disease. After-all teeth are also a part of your body. But preventive measures do decrease the incidence of it. Do not try to self medicate and aggravate the problem.Get regular dental check ups done and have a happy smile today and forever.

Is Oral Health Linked to General Well Being?

Dr. Shail Jaggi, Dentist
Sometimes I sit and think I’ve seen so many teeth and oral cavities in my life! That its not funny, 18 years of work and approximately 8 hours a day. That’s plenty!But the one thing that fascinated me right from my academic days and continue to fascinate me even today is how sometimes a patients mouth can tell me a story about them!When they say the oral cavity is the window to the body... I couldn’t  agree more with it.Ever wondered why your dentist and most advertisements you see harp on brushing, flossing and plaque reduction and germs!  These terms are actually deeply linked to your overall well being.Wondering How?The Oral Cavity is teeming with millions of bacteria! Most of these are however harmless... unless they increase in proportion where they can take dangerous proportions and cause problems! So the brushing flossing regime is more important than you think... Brush and floss... keep the bacteria under control ,don’t let them multiply and chances are you’re going to lead a much healthier life !Got a Medical Condition?If you suffer from any of the medical conditions listed below you need to be extra careful about your Oral Health Heart Diseases: Research has shown oral bacteria may cause inflammation and infection which may be linked to and cause or aggravate heart diseases ,stroke or clogged arteries.Pregnancy : Regular Dental evaluation and are a must during pregnancy. There are plenty of hormonal changes your body is going through! The gums are the first to get affected. Make sure you don’t have a gum problem. Gum problems can cause premature birth and low birth weight. So make sure you have an impeccable oral condition during those nine months.Endocarditis : Is a condidton where the lining of the heart is damaged. Bacteria travelling from the mouth into the blood stream and onto the damaged heart wall can cause irreversible damage. Sometimes, life threatening. Make sure your dentist is aware of a situation like this. Patients with Endocarditis need to be treated with utmost care and under antibiotic coverDiabetes : You need to maintain very good Oral Care if you’re a diabetic patient . Research shows the gums are more prone to infection, bone loss is more rapid and healing with even routine dental procedures can be greatly delayed leading to early loss of teeth and more complications with dental surgical workHIV/AIDS :These patients are generally more immune compromised and the smallest bit of neglect can cause painful oral sores, non healing ulcers. Good Oral health for these patients is  mandatory not optional.Osteoporosis : If you have osteoporosis chances are there may be some damage to your jaw bones with the medication prescribed for Osteoporosis. Be judicious with all your medication and don’t forget to see your dentist as a routine. The impact of oral health on the body is a relatively new area of study. Some other mouth-body connections under current investigation include:Rheumatoid Arthritis. Treating periodontal disease has been shown to reduce pain caused by rheumatoid arthritis.Lung Conditions. Periodontal disease may make pneumonia and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease worse, possibly by increasing the amount of bacteria in the lungs.Obesity. Two studies have linked obesity to gum disease. It appears that periodontitis progresses more quickly in the presence of higher body fat.Quick Tips to Protect Your Oral HealthBrushing /Flossing : Keep the bacterial activity under control with brushing and flossing however clichéd it may sound. If you suffer from a condition you need to be even more cautious and careful.Medications –certain medications — such as decongestants, antihistamines, painkillers, diuretics and antidepressants — can reduce saliva flow.Saliva washes away food and neutralizes acids produced by bacteria in the mouth, helping to protect you from microbial invasion or overgrowth that might lead to disease.Drink plenty of water if salivary flow is reduced …its helps to keep your oral cavity squeaky clean !.Illness – Just recovered from an illness, sinusitis, cold? hange your tooth brush. Research suggests you could be re introducing all the bacteria into your mouth and increasing susceptibilityTobacco /Smoking:  Reduce blood flow to the moth by constricting the blood vessels. Surgical healing in your mouth may get delayed or painful. Tobacco and smoking are an absolute no.I'm hoping you get more serious with brushing. Till I see you again next week, I'll sign off for now. 

Tips for Good Oral Hygiene!

Dr. Babita Sangwan, Dentist
What is Good Oral Hygiene? Good oral hygiene results in a mouth that looks and smells healthy. This means:   Your teeth are clean and free of debris Gums are pink and do not hurt or bleed when you brush or floss Bad breath is not a constant problem Symptoms of bad Oral condition: If your gums do hurt. bleed while brushing or flossing. you are experiencing persistent bad breath.Any of the above symptoms means it's time to see your dentist. Any of these conditions may indicate a problem. Your dentist or hygienist can help you learn good oral hygiene techniques and can help point out areas of your mouth that may require extra attention during brushing and flossing.  How is Good Oral Hygiene Practiced? Maintaining good oral hygiene is one of the most important things you can do for your teeth and gums. Healthy teeth not only enable you to look and feel good, they make it possible to eat and speak properly. Good oral health is important to your overall well-being. Daily preventive care, including proper brushing and flossing, will help stop problems before they develop and is much less painful, expensive, and worrisome than treating conditions that have been allowed to progress. There are simple steps that each of us can take to greatly decrease the risk of developing tooth decay, gum disease and other dental problems. These include:   Brushing thoroughly twice a day and flossing daily Eating a balanced diet and limiting snacks between meals Using dental products that contain fluoride, including toothpaste Rinsing with a fluoride mouth rinse if your dentist tells you to Making sure that your children under 12 drink fluoridated water or take a fluoride supplement if they live in a non-fluoridated area. In between regular visits to the dentist.Proper Brushing Technique:Tilt the brush at a 45° angle against the gumline and sweep or roll the brush away from the gumline. Gently brush the outside, inside and chewing surface of each tooth using short back-and-forth strokes. Gently brush your tongue to remove bacteria and freshen breath.  Proper Flossing Technique -Use about 18" of floss, leaving an inch or two to work with. Gently follow the curves of your teeth. Be sure to clean beneath the gumline, but avoid snapping the floss on the gums.

Cosmetic Dentistry - For The WOW Smile!

Dr. Shail Jaggi, Dentist
Smile!A simple 5 letter word but just the  sound of this word can light up our eyes ,make us feel light and happy and suddenly this world is a much better place ! I'm writing this today for some of us who are reading this and don't like something about their Smile or Teeth. It could be simple dark tooth ,broken teeth,decayed teeth or just badly shaped teeth ,too much gum while smiling ! The list could go on and on! But read on the good news is there are simple solutions to the most complex looking problems!10 Quick Simple Steps To A Great Smile!1. Evaluate your smile: Cosmetic Dentistry has come a long way from the simple drilling to filling days ! Look at your smile in the mirror and identify what you don't like .2. Review and Pick A Cosmetic Dentist: Most dentists today offer Cosmetic Dentistry in their office which is great, so make an appointment with a dentist you trust or go online and pick a dentist with some great reviews as a starting point.3. Cosmetic Dentistry Needs Advanced Training :Most cosmetic procedures can be completely non invasive and painless...your consulting Cosmetic Dentist should be able to give you multiple options with a range of techniques and costing for your procedures .4. Insist on Non-Invasive Dentistry:Remember the most complex treatment plan for the most complicated dental work can also be simple ,non invasive and painless .5. Teeth need to be Beautiful and Functional : Just great looking teeth is not enough!You should be able to eat with your teeth too! Make sure the dental office is adequately equipped for advanced and precise Cosmetic dental work.Remember its your teeth that are meant to last you a life time work should strengthen your teeth,not damage them further .6. Dental Damage is Irreversible: If your proposed treatment plan involves plenty of crowns and root canals take a second opinion .Today any well trained Cosmetic Dentist dentist can make you look amazing with Veneers and Bonded Dentistry!7. Ask for Documented cosmetic Work: Ask your dentist for documented cosmetic work done by the team and look at the results to see if you like them! Your dental work will be similar! If you like what you see go ahead !8. The Trial Smile :Always ask for a' Trial Smile' before you start any dental work .This can easily be done in your mouth or on dental models! It gives you an idea as to what the final look is going to be! Making it easier to decide .9. Good Tools Guarantee Great Dental Work: A dental office doing Cosmetic Dentistry should be well equipped with good cameras, cosmetic Imaging software, great tools for non invasive work and the communication with a very good lab for super cosmetic results!10. Patience and Communication: And last ...remember for that Fantastic Smile ...your dentist needs precision and perfection. Be patient and work with your dentist .Communication is the key--If you do not like something during the trial smile communicate with your dentist .So go ahead and make your choice to smile confidently ! Happy Smiling !

Common Oral Conditions and Its Management

Dr. Yogesh Rao, Dentist
In generations past, as we aged there was an expectation to begin to lose our teeth - but more and more of today's seniors have reached their golden years with many or all their adult teeth intact. But to maintain this positive trend, seniors need to be aware of specific oral health concerns so maintaining their teeth can be a realistic goal.GingivitisWhen teeth are not properly cleaned, plaque forms on the tooth’s surface. Plaque can cause irritation of the gums, making them red and slightly swollen – this is gingivitis.More serious forms of gum disease such as periodontitis start with gingivitis.Signs & Symptoms:Red, swollen or tender gums that bleed when brushed or flossedBad breathGood management of gingivitis is a sign of good oral hygiene. This helps prevent halitosis, bleeding gums and other more serious dental diseases. Remember, there is a link between oral health and overall health.So how do you prevent periodontal disease? 4 easy steps:BrushFlossRinse with antiseptic mouthwashGet regular oral checkups and cleanings from a dental professionaBad Breath (Halitosis)In most cases, the cause of bad breath can be simple. However, if the issue is persistent, it can be a symptom of something more serious, and a problem sign of something to avoid long term.Diet places a key role in bad breath, and the food you eat can often affect the smell of your breath.Oral bacteria can cause an odour, and also indicate you have plaque build-up.Dry mouth often affects your breath, as saliva (or lack thereof) affects plaque buildup and food particles from sticking to your teeth. Read more about dry mouth on the dry mouth page.Smoking.Unclean dentures. Just like teeth, dentures need to be cleaned regularly to keep them feeling, and smelling, fresh.Some medical conditions, often affecting your liver or kidneys, can affect your breath. Alerting your dentist of previous medical conditions, or current medications is always a good idea.Treatment and Prevention:Daily brushing and flossing is certainly a great place to start, as they assist in removing food particles and bacteria; don’t forget, this includes brushing the tongue. For more information, read up on Brushing Basics. Drinking water regularly is a great way to flush out your mouth, and avoid dry mouth, while sugarless gum or candies help your mouth stay moist as well. Mouthwash throughout the day is effective on short notice, but particularly helpful killing bacteria before bedtime.If you are worried about your breath, and regular oral hygiene efforts are having little effect, contact your dentist for advice.Dysphagia (Trouble Swallowing)Those suffering from dysphagia, or trouble swallowing, can reduce their risk of chest infection or other serious issues by maintaining good oral health by keeping their mouth clean. Other medical issues include neuromuscular conditions, stroke, dementia, traumatic brain injury, gastroesophageal reflux disease, cancers of the head and neck and certain respiratory conditions such as chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Aspiration pneumonia can also be caused when saliva, food or liquid goes down the trachea into the lungs, instead of the esophagus and into the stomach.Risk of dysphagia increases with age and frailty, as well as smoking, excessive alcohol use, certain medications and poor oral hygiene including your teeth and dentures.Possible Signs & Symptoms:Difficulty when trying to swallowCoughing and choking during or after mealsWet voice during or after mealsWeight loss and/or dehydrationDifficulty with certain textures of foodsPocketing of food in the mouthRegurgitating foodFrequent fevers or chest infectionDry Mouth (xerostomin)Dry mouth, or xerostomin is the result of decreased saliva production, which affects up to 60% of older adults. Saliva lubricates the mouth helping to prevent decay and protect tooth enamel. But don’t worry; there are plenty of ways to manage this condition.Dry mouth can be caused by a variety of reasons, including medications you may be taking, radiation or cancer treatments, smoking, immune deficiency, systemic diseases (such as Diabetes, Parkinson’s, Sjogren syndrome) or salivary gland aplasia.Signs & Symptoms:Red, cracked or swollen gumsDry, cracked tongueCracked corners of the mouthLips that stick to the teethGums that easily bleedBad breathProblems wearing denturesDifficulty eating, swallowing or talkingManagement:Maintain good oral hygiene with fluoridated tooth paste, and regular flossing (or alternative cleaning aids)Sip water or suck on ice cubes throughout the dayUse water based lip lubricantChew sugar free gum or suck sugar free candyUse saliva substitutesUse a mist humidifier at nightConsult with a physician about reducing or changing troublesome medicationsRegular check-ups with a dental professionalAlso, avoid alcohol or alcohol products (including mouth rinses containing alcohol), glycerin or lemon toothette swabs, food or drinks promoting dry mouth (caffeine, sweet sticky foods, spicy, acidic or dry foods) and lemon or cinnamon flavoured candy or gum.Denture CareIt might come as a surprise, but dentures build up plaque and tartar just like natural teeth. Maintaining good oral health starts by ensuring your dentures are clean and fitting properly.Regular denture care includes daily removal and brushing of the mouth, tongue, cheeks and palate. You should also check the denture for any broken or cracked areas.Helpful Hints:Dentures should be thoroughly cleaned everydaySoaking dentures in cleaning solution about 30 minutes before brushing will loosen tartar and plaqueBrush dentures with a denture brush and liquid soap for foam denture cleaner.It is important you use non-abrasive products and materials to prevent scratchingIt is ideal to leave dentures out overnight if possible, or at least 1-2 hours per day minimum.This will let gums rest and help prevent denture stomatitis or inflammationClean the cup you store your dentures in at least once a weekChange denture brush on a yearly basis and denture cup as requiredLabelling DenturesLabelling dentures is something many people likely don’t think about, until it’s too late. In situations where multiple people may have dentures, such as a long-term care facility, it is important for identifying dentures which could have been misplaced or mistaken during meals or while soaking.Labelling can be done professionally, by either a denturist or at a dental office, or at home. Dental professionals will use an engraving tool and apply acrylic overtop to make it permanent. In addition, denture ID kits are also available.For those interested in a do-it-yourself project, here’s what you’ll need:Spray disinfectantEmory board/nail fileIndelible markerClear acrylic nail polishSteps:Always wear glovesClean and disinfect the dentureUse an emery board to roughen the cheek side of the denture at the backPrint the resident’s name on the area with a permanent marker and seal it with clear acrylic nail polishOnce dry, clean and disinfect the denture again and rinse thoroughly with cool waterCold/Canker SoresCold cores are very common for many people and are characterized by small, red blisters on the lips. One common type is herpes simplex. This virus is very common and highly contagious. After the initial outbreak, these blisters can re-occur frequently and there is no cure. However, they tend to heal within 14 days on their own.Over the counter treatments are available. These products typically contain docosonal or benzyl alcohol and are usually available as gels or creams.Common over the counter medications are Abreva and Zilactin. For best results, apply products as soon as there is tingling on the lips. This usually indicates a cold sore is starting to develop.Canker sores can be caused by a number of factors including: injury to the mouth, stress, unhealthy diet, certain medical conditions, come medications, and even nicotine gum.TreatmentSalt water rinses: Mix 1 teaspoon salt to 1 cup of warm water. Swish the solution around the mouth and spit out.½ teaspoon of baking soda mixed with a few drops of water until it makes a thick paste. You can use this paste to cover the canker sore.Hydrogen peroxide can be mixed 1 to 1 with water. This solution can be applied to the sore using a cotton swab.Milk of magnesia can aid in the healing process and reduce pain. Apply directly 3-4 times a day.In severe cases, oral medication can be prescribed by a physician or dentist.To ease pain promote healing; avoid acidic foods when cankers and cold sores are present.Oral CancerIn Canada, 3400 new cases of mouth cancer are diagnosed each year. About 50% of those diagnosed do not live longer than 5 years after diagnosis because it wasn’t detected early enough.The most common sites for oral cancer to be found are the tongue (which has the highest prevalence), throat, floor of the mouth and lips. Regular tobacco use (both chewing and smoking), alcohol consumption and prolonged sun exposure all increase risk in addition to age.Daily Mouth Test (to be completed by someone else):LOOK: Look on all sides of the tongue, on the floor of the mouth, the cheeks, the hard palate, the soft palate, gums and teeth. Look for anything abnormal or different from the day before – any white or red patches, sores, bleeding, loose or broken teeth.FEEL: Feel for any lumps, bumps, sores that bleed and do not heal. Check if the person had trouble chewing or swallowing.TELL: Write down any concerns to discuss with your dentist. If the area of concern is still present or continues to worsen 7-14 days after initial finding, make arrangements to see a dentist of doctor.

Tooth Decay & Oral Health: Fact Sheets

Dr. D. V. Gowda, Dentist
So much has been written about prevention and cure of tooth decay and gum disease. We think it’s time we all get down to the facts. What are the effects of poor oral hygiene and inadequate dental care to people all around the world?According to the World Health Organization:Worldwide, 60–90% of school children and nearly 100% of adults have dental cavities.Severe gum disease, which may result in tooth loss, is found in 15–20% of adults aged between 35-44 years old.Globally, about 30% of people aged 65–74 have no natural teeth.The incidence of oral cancer ranges from one to 10 cases per 100 000 people in most countries.Tobacco and alcohol are the major risk factors for oral cancer.Almost half (40–50%) of people who are HIV-positive have oral fungal, bacterial or viral infections.Across the world, 16-40% of children in the age range 6 to12 years old are affected by dental trauma due to unsafe playgrounds, unsafe schools, road accidents, or violence.A severe gingival disease called Noma affects young children living in extreme poverty primarily in Africa & Asia. This gangrenous lesion is followed by necrosis (premature death of cells in living tissue) of the lips and chin. Left untreated, about 90% of these children die.Tooth decay requires immediate treatment. The longer a cavity remains untreated, it only grows larger and more costly to repair.The good news is that tooth decay is largely preventable. Observing proper oral care, maintaining a healthy diet and visiting your dentist at least two times a year are your best chances in fighting cavities and other gum diseases.Tooth decay requires immediate treatment. The longer a cavity remains untreated, it only grows larger and more costly to repair.

Oral Health for Overall Health

Dr. (Maj) Varun Nischal, Dentist
The connection between oral/dental health and overall health is well established. There are several ways in which neglected oral hygiene can affect your general health. The following are some examples:HEART DISEASE: Those with advanced gum disease/Periodontitis are at an increased risk of heart attack. The bacteria present in millions in the plaque and calculus deposits in the mouth can travel through the blood stream and cause cardiovascular problems. STROKE: Those with adult periodontitis are at increased risk of stroke.UNCONTROLLED DIABETES: Diabetes can alter the bacterial environment in the mouth contributing to overgrowth of harmful bacteria. Smokers with diabetes increase their risk of tooth loss by 20 times.RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS: Inhaling bacteria present in dental plaque through mouth and throat can lead to pneumonia and other lung conditions. PRETERM/LOW BIRTH WEIGHT INFANTS: Hormonal and vascular changes during pregnancy leads to increased inflammation/swelling of gums commonly in 2nd-8th month of pregnancy. In addition, these oral microbes can also cross the placental barrier exposing the fetus to infection.SEVERE OSTEOPENIA: Reduction in bone mass (osteopenia) is associated with gum disease and related tooth loss especially in postmenopausal women.THE SOLUTION: SIMPLE, ECONOMICAL & EASY!Brush gently twice daily for strong teeth.Floss daily (after every meal) to keep your gums healthy. Brushing does not clean the food particles stuck in between teeth and gums.Pay a visit to your dentist every 6 months to monitor any budding problem at an early stage. As it has been rightly said, "Nip the evil in the Bud."Get regular professional cleaning/scaling done (at least twice a year).Never ignore anything unusual in your mouth. Home remedies, pain killers, antibiotics do not repair tooth damage.Eat healthy, stay stress-free and love the gums you're with!

Perk Up With Cosmetic Dentistry

Dr. Amit Berani, Dentist
Dentistry is no longer just filling or tooth extraction; rather it has become more than just that. Broken, crooked or missing tooth;  discoloured or decayed tooth and more troubles us nowadays. Where a simple sweet smile is something that everyone desires; cosmetic dentistry often comes to rescue. Here is a brief information about how cosmetic dentistry can improve your appearance.1. Teeth WhiteningMedications, consuming foods and beverages like tea, coffee, etc. or smoking can cause tooth discolouration. Many dentists in Mumbai employ in-office procedure, or provide you with whitening system to use at home.In-office whitening takes just 1-2 visits and teeth whitening under professional guidance is always good. However, it can take two to four weeks or more to get results from whitening products used at home.2. BondingIf your teeth have excess space between them, or if they are chipped, broken, stained, or cracked; dental bonding can improve the appearance of your teeth. Dentists also use bonding materials to fill small cavities or to protect the exposed root of a tooth. Bonding can last for several years, but it is more likely to chip or become stained.3. VeneersVeneers are made of porcelain or plastic to cover the front sides of the teeth. Veneers last longer than bonding. They are mostly done to change the colour or shape and provide a superior appearance. Veneers are used if:Have spaces or are chipped or wornAre permanently stainedAre poorly shaped or slightly crooked4. CrownsCaps or crowns completely cover a tooth to restore the normal shape and appearance. Dentists suggest crowns if you have to:Cover a misshapen/ discoloured tooth/ dental implant /large fillingProtect a weak tooth or restore a broken toothHold a dental bridge in placeCover a tooth that’s had a root canal treatmentPermanent crowns can last long if proper care is taken.5. Enamel Shaping and ContouringConsult a dentist for advise on enamel shaping and contouring to  enhance the appearance of your teeth. It involves removing or contouring dental enamel. It is used to correct:Misaligned/overlapping teethChipped teethBite problems6. BracesBraces improve the look of teeth and can improve an irregular bite and correct jaw positioning and jaw joint disorders. It is usually worn to reposition the teeth.7. BridgesBridges are used to replace missing teeth with artificial teeth. But the success of your bridge depends upon its foundation. Hence a healthy tooth is very important if you wear a bridge.8. Dental ImplantsDentists recommend implants as they are a long-term solution for missing teeth. They are an alternative to bridges. Having implants requires several steps, including:-A complete test X-rays, and consultation-Surgical implantation of the titanium screws-Taking impressions of both jaws-Making a model-Placement of the crownOther Periodontal Plastic ProceduresThere are even other cosmetic procedures to improve-An uneven gum line-Too short or too long teeth appearance-Exposed roots-IndentationsIf you are facing any of the above problems ask your dentist about your best options for correcting. Get the smile of your dreams. 

What Cosmetic Dentistry Offers

Dr. Amit Anand, Dentist
Today’s common cosmetic dental treatment options include:Whitening, or “tooth bleaching“, is the most common cosmetic dental procedure. While many whitening options are now available, dentist-supervised treatments remain the recommended procedures for lightening discolored teeth.Enamel shaping removes parts of the contouring enamel to improve the appearance of the tooth. It may be used to correct a very small chip. The removed enamel is irreplaceable, and may sometimes expose dentin. It is also known asenameloplasty, odontoplasty, recontouring, reshaping, slenderizing and stripping.Contouring, also known as tooth reshaping, is one of few instant treatments now available in cosmetic dentistry. Dental reshaping and contouring is a procedure to correct crooked teeth, chipped teeth, cracked teeth or even overlapping teeth in just one session. The dental contouring procedure can even be a substitute for braces under certain circumstances. It is also a procedure of subtle changes. A few millimeters of reduction and a few millimeters of tooth-colored laminate is involved. Tooth reshaping, or dental contouring, is commonly used to alter the length, shape or position of teeth.Bonding is a process in which an enamel-like dental composite material is applied to a tooth’s surface, sculpted into shape, hardened and then polished.Dental bridges are false teeth, known as a pontic, which are fused between two porcelain crowns to fill in the area left by a missing tooth. The two crowns holding it in place that are attached onto your teeth on each side of the false tooth. This is known as a fixed bridge. This procedure is used to replace one or more missing teeth. Fixed bridges cannot be taken out of your mouth as you might do with removable partial dentures. In areas of your mouth that are under less stress, such as your front teeth, a cantilever bridge may be used. Cantilever bridges are used when there are teeth on only one side of the open space. Bridges can reduce your risk of gum disease, help correct some bite issues and even improve your speech. Bridges require your commitment to serious oral hygiene, but will last as many as ten years or more.Veneers are ultra-thin, custom-made porcelain laminates that are bonded directly to the teeth. They are an option for closing gaps or disguising discolored teeth that do not respond well to whitening procedures.Lumineers, similar to veneers are thin porcelain shields that are bonded to the front of the teeth to improve the appearance of a smile. Lumineers do not require the reduction of teeth structure, unlike veneers.Gum lift is a cosmetic dental procedure that raises and sculpts the gum line. The procedure involves reshaping the tissue and/or underlying bones to create the appearance of longer or more symmetrical teeth.