Healthy Eating In Main Course for healthy Life

Building a healthy diet

Food is the foundation of nutritional health. Nothing can replace food. It can be supplemented, adjusted, increased or decreased, but not entirely replaced. Food provides the building blocks of carbohydrates,proteins and fats (the macronutrients), as well as vitamins and minerals(the micronutrients). The best way to make sure you’re getting all of these nutrients is by eating a wide variety of healthy foods every day.Most countries have a food guide to help people make good decisions around food choices. Canada’s Food Guide is divided into a rainbow of four food groups:

  •  vegetables and fruits
  •  grain products
  •  milk products and alternatives
  •  meat and alternatives

The 2007 food guide recommends the following daily servings of eachfood group:

  1. at least 7 servings of vegetables and fruits
  2. 6 to 8 servings of grain products
  3. 2 to 3 servings of milk products and alternatives
  4. 2 to 3 servings of meats and alternatives

See the back pocket of this guide for copies of Canada’s Food Guide—the general version and the First Nations, Inuit and Métis version are included . The guide includes more specific information based on your gender and age and gives examples of servings.Keep in mind that food guides are developed for the population of the whole country. The recommendations don’t take into account your special needs as a person living with HIV. And there may be other factors,like additional medical conditions, that may affect your diet. You can use the food guide as a good way to start building your balanced diet,but make sure you talk with your doctor and your dietitian about any special adjustments you may need to make.

Understanding food

You’re likely familiar with the terms carbohydrate, protein and fat. They are the building blocks of food. They are also the building blocks of our bodies—they are used to create and maintain the physical structures of our bodies. Carbohydrates, protein and fat also provide energy for metabolism (the name for all of the normal chemical reactions that go on inside the body). We usually use the term calorie when talking about food energy.

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