• What is Gum Disease?
  •  It is an inflammation of gums which progresses to affect the bone that surrounds & supports your teeth. Caused by the bacteria in plaque which is a sticky, colourless film that constantly forming on your teeth.
  • If not cleaned by daily brushing and flossing, plaque can build up  and gets hardened to calculus ( blackish brown or brown or black color TAR TAR) and the bacterial colonies formed in it infect not only your gums and teeth but  bone that support the teeth.  

Differentiating about bleeding tendency can be a significant challenge by patient himself

Causes for bleeding:

  • Improper oral hygiene maintenance
  •  Hormonal changes in  females during puberty, pregnancy and menopause
  • Diabetes
  • Immunocompromised states such as HIV infections
  • Some medicines which stop the platelet function in bleeding controlling process
  • Low levels of platelet count 
  • Liver failure
  • Severe renal failure 
  • Clotting factor problems

How do we come to know:

  • Red, swollen or tender gums
  • Sore and painful gums
  • Bad breath and bad taste
  • Receding gums
  • Loose or shifting of teeth
  • Excessive or frequent unprovoked bleeding.
  • Bleeding while brushing even with soft bristled brush

Stages of gum diseases

  1. Gingivitis- least serious
  2. Periodontitis- serious
  3. Advanced periodontitis- most serious


  • Scaling (teeth cleaning)
  • Root planing
  • Curettage
  • Flap surgery 


  • Maintaining proper oral hygiene by brushing, flossing.
  • Healthy diet.
  • Checking up of the teeth by dentist once in six months.
  • Siri Dental Hospital offers all dental services. Visit us as www.Siridentalhospital.com