Frigidity is inhibited sexual excitement during sexual activity. Frigid means cold. The term frigid refers to non-response to emotion, applied especially to inability on the part of the woman to feel sexual desire. A frigid female is devoid of sexual feelings and cannot achieve an orgasm.


These are substances thought to increase the sexual drive or ability of the individual. They are mainly desired by males. There is constant search for aphrodisiacs. Over the centuries human beings have used extracts of trees, roots, flowers, insects, animal parts, Spanish fly, strychnine, alcohol,and drugs for this purpose. However, according to scientific research there is no effective aphrodisiac available.


The best aphrodisiac can be a caring, sharing partner and foreplay. This is the stimulation of sensitive body parts to get the partners into the excitement stage. The sensitive body areas different in individuals. Therefore,the partners have to explore each other to find out sensitive areas that will lead to sexual excitement.

These areas could be the ear lobes, neck, lips, inside skin of the upper arms or things, toes, fingertips, soles of the feet, breasts, and genitals. These sensitive areas are called erogenous zones. These areas can be stimulated by stroking, squeezing, tickling, licking etc. and the partners must communicate and express to each other what is pleasurable to them and what is not. A woman usually takes a longer time to get aroused than a man; so foreplay should take this into consideration.

Once the two partners have agreed to have a sexual relationshipthen it is the responsibility of each partner to satisfy the needs of theother. This should be done with care, understanding and respect.


Conception is the physical and physiological process of a sperm fusing with an ovum. Conception occurs as a result of sexual intercourse. The society requires a child to have a father and a mother, not just so that they contribute a sperm and an egg cell, but so that they can nurture a child after it is born. Therefore, society expects children to be born in marriage. However, a man and a woman who are not married are capable of sexual intercourse and of making a baby. But this baby may be socially at disadvantage if brought up by a single biological parent.

When a man and a woman want to have a baby, vaginal intercourse provides a kind of sharing. The timing is important as the egg in a woman has a life span of only 12 to 24 hours. Hence, the period during which the egg and the sperm can unite is limited to about 2 days in a month, around the time of ovulation. It can however, differ for each woman. Sperms, on the other hand, areproduced in millions each day, facilitating fertilization since only one spermis required to fuse with the egg cell. The moment of the ovum by the sperm iscalled conception. It normally takes place in the outer part of the fallopiantube.

During vaginal intercourse the erect male penis enters the vagina of the female. Sperms are ejaculated near the cervix of the uterus. The sperms swim from the uterus into the fallopian tube and to the ovum. The head of the sperms enters the ovum and its tail is dropped off. The nuclei of the male and the female cells then fuse to form the zygote. This is called fertilization and leads to conception.

The directions for making a new baby are contained in the zygote. So both partners contribute to the characteristics of the baby.