Articles on flora of india

Amla and Its Many Benefits

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
The Amla or Neelikkai (Phyllanthus Embilca) is also called Amalka in Hindi. In Sanskrit its name is Amalaki, which translates as ‘the sustainer’ or ‘the fruit where the goddess of prosperity presides’. It is a small tree with leathery leaves and a fleshy fruit. Amla is one of the richest natural sources of vitamin C, its fresh juice containing nearly twenty times as much vitamin C as orange juice. A single tiny Amla is equivalent in vitamin C content to two oranges. Amla is the fruit of a deciduous plant, of the same name, grown in many states of India. Its English name is ‘Indian Gooseberry’ and it has been associated with a number of health benefits. Amla is very good source of Vitamin C and has been found to have great antioxidant properties. Apart from helping in curing a number of ailments, it also boosts the immune system of an individual.In fact, Amla is regarded as a widely-used herb, in case of ayurvedic medicines, owing to its high nutritional value. In the following lines, we have provided information on the nutritional benefits of eating Amla/Indian gooseberry.Amla (gooseberry) nutrition’sVitamin C is an excellent anti-oxidant and as Amla is so rich in Vitamin C, it has strong anti-oxidant properties and helps combat free radicals. Free radicals are unstable ions in the body, responsible for ageing and cell degeneration.Amla stabilizes these free radicals and is believed to be the most powerful rejuvenating agent known to man. Just like most berries, it is low in sugar and has high fibre content, making it an ideal daily fruit for almost anyone.However, if you have a heart condition, you may want to check with your doctor before taking Amla regularly. This is because Amla stimulates the heart.Amla strengthens the body, expel toxins from the body and improves defense mechanism of the body. It is an essential vitamin to improve eye sight Weakness of body, heart and mind shall be dispelled by taking fresh Amla juice in between meals. Massaging the head with Amla oil induces sound sleep and is good for hair.Prevents premature graying of hair.Wash eyes daily, in the morning with Amla water, soaked in water and drink the water to improve the eyesight and remove constipation. Insert 2-4 Amla juice drops into each nostril to cure bleeding for nose. Regular use of pain killers, antibiotics and medication, regular intake of alcohol, all cause toxin build-up in the liver. Amla helps strengthen the liver, and rid the body of these toxins. It thus helps purify and clean the blood. This is why Amla is good for the skin, and if taken in combination with neem, it can help clear out pimples that are caused due to impure blood. Amla calories100 gm of Amla contains:Calories: 96(energy)Carbohydrate: 6.9 gmIron: 1.2 gmProtein: 0.9 gmFat: 0.1 gmFiber: 3. 4 gmIndian Gooseberry has also been found to be low in Saturated Fats, Dietary Fiber, and Vitamin C.Amla contains good amount of Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Carotene, Vitamin B Complex, Protein, Carbohydrates, Cholesterol and Sodium, making it good for health. Health tips for AmlaAmla is considered a powerful food for the brain. It nourishes the mind, improves memory power and enhances intelligence. Drinking Amla juice twice a day can do wonders to your body. It is better to drink it before food.

Cheer for Team India, Play Like Team India- Let Us Help You Avoid Injuries!

Dr. Meeta Nanda (P.T.), Physiotherapist
As they say, “Cricket is a religion in India” which makes World Cup a mega festival. Looking at Team India’s such a Brilliant and hard working performance, lets talk about the probable injuries that may occur as a side effect of this hard work-Top 5 Cricket InjuriesHamstring StrainWhat is a Hamstring Strain?A Hamstring Strain is a tear in the muscle tissue. Hamstring strains tend to affect all cricketers regardless of position and account for around 15% of all cricket injuries. Hamstring strains occur during explosive sprinting activities such as bowling, taking a quick single or fielding a ball.What should you do if you suffer a Hamstring Strain?If you have a Hamstring Strain follow the RICE protocol - rest, ice and compression and elevation (never apply ice directly to the skin). If you have to apply ice at home, an Ice Bag is recommended. This is a safe method of ice application to avoid the risk of an ice burn.Seek advice from a doctor or Chartered Physiotherapist regarding rehabilitation . Most Hamstring Strains will be fully healed by 6 weeks, but recurrent problems can occur when a return to play is attempted too early.Low Back PainWhat can you do to prevent Low Back Pain?Fast bowling in cricket requires a combination of bending backwards together with rotation and side bending of the trunk. When repeated continuously this puts excessive stress on an area of the vertebra called the Pars Interarticularis and this is where a stress fracture develops.What should you do if you suffer Low Back Pain?A soothing Heat pack can reduce back pain and back muscle spasm. Once diagnosed, stress fractures of the lower back usually require 6 weeks of rest to allow the bone to heal. During this period, an exercise programme under the supervision of a Chartered Physiotherapist can be started . This focuses on exercises to increase the muscular stability in the lower back.Research has shown that poor muscular stability in the lumbar region can lead to low back pain. Core stability exercises target certain specific muscles which give the spine much better support. This prevents postural faults which can cause low back pain.Side StrainWhat is a Side Strain?A Side Strain is fairly common in cricket, where it typically occurs in bowlers. A Side Strain refers to a tear of the Internal Oblique, the External Oblique, or the Transversalis fascia at the point where they attach to the four bottom ribs.In cricket the bowlers suffer the Side Strain on the non bowling arm side as a result of a forcible contraction of the muscle on that side while they are fully stretched as the bowling arm is cocked for bowling.What can you do to prevent a Side Strain?Core strength exercises on an Exercise Mat using a Swiss Ball and Resistance Bands can improve muscle function across the trunk and pelvis and this can help to reduce the risk of a Side Strain.The number of overs bowled per session should be increased gradually and adequate rest periods should be provided to prevent fatigue.What should you do if you suffer a Side Strain?In the early stages an Ice Pack can be applied for twenty minutes every two hours. A Cohesive Compression Bandage can be applied to help to limit bleeding in the tissues. More active rehabilitation can be started under the supervision of a Chartered Physiotherapist, once the immediate pain resolvesShoulder PainWhat is Shoulder Pain?Shoulder pain is common in cricket because of the repeated actions of throwing and bowling. The Rotator Cuff muscles are small muscles situated around the shoulder joint, which can become damaged due to overuse during cricket.Rotator Cuff injuries often begin as inflammation caused by repeated irritation. If the cause of the inflammation is not addressed, partial tears may develop in the cuff that could eventually become a tear all the way through one or more of the Rotator Cuff muscles.What can you do to prevent Shoulder Pain?Correct throwing and bowling technique can help to reduce injury risk. Shoulder stabilization exercises under the supervision of a Chartered Physiotherapist can also help prevent damage to the Rotator Cuff tendons.It is important that any increase in the amount of training or competition must be gradual in order to prevent overload of the Rotator Cuff muscles. In particular, bowling and fielding practice should be increased gradually to allow the Rotator Cuff tendons to adapt.What should you do if you suffer Shoulder Pain?Physiotherapy treatment can reduce acute (short-term) inflammation and chronic (long-term) degeneration of the cuff where a tear is not present. The objective of physiotherapy treatment is to limit inflammation using Ice Therapy. Anti-inflammatory medication prescribed by a doctor is often helpful.Sprained AnkleWhat is a Sprained Ankle?A Sprained Ankle is damage to the ligaments and soft tissues around the ankle, usually as a result of the ankle being twisted inwards. The ankle ligament and soft tissue damage produces bleeding within the tissues and an extremely painful, swollen ankle.What can you do to prevent a Sprained Ankle?Research has shown that bracing or taping the ankle can help to reduce the risk of a Sprained Ankle.What should you do if you suffer a Sprained Ankle?Immediately following a Sprained Ankle you can follow the PRICE protocol - Protection with an Aircast Walker, Rest, Ice Therapy, Compression with a Cohesive Bandage and Elevation of the ankle to reduce swelling.Rehabilitation with a Chartered Physiotherapist significantly improves the outcome following a Sprained Ankle. Wobble Board training improves balance and proprioception.

The Magical Benefits of Tamarind

Ms. Swati Kapoor, Dietitian/Nutritionist
The tamarind fruit is encased within a brown pod. Inside the pod of the tamarind is a soft, brown pulp with hard-coated black seeds.It is this pulp that people eat to get all the nutritional and health benefits of the tamarind. The pulp of the tamarind has a very sour taste while it is young, but as it ripens the pulp gets sweeter. Though the pulp will sweeten with age, the tamarind generally has a sour, acidic taste.Due to the rich source of potassium, magnesium, fiber and vitamins found in tamarind, food becomes not only healthier but also tastier. One of the many benefits of tamarind if that it fights against vitamin C deficiency and helps in reducing fevers while fighting against cold infections.Tamarind Nutrition’s 1. Tamarind leaves are extremely useful in treating burns. The soft tamarind leaves are kept in a pot, covered and then warmed over fire. The burnt leaves are then finely powdered and sieved to remove any gritty particles. This paste is then mixed to gingili oil and applied all over the burnt area. The mixture is very effective over the burnt areas and provides relief from the wound within few days. 2. It is also very useful for the skin. A poultice prepared out of the tamarind leaves crushed in water is quite helpful in healing inflamed parts of the joint and ankles. When applied to the joints, it helps in reducing the swelling and pain.Tamarind has been used to cure sore throats since ages. Read about quick relief tips for cold and cough.3. Gargle of tamarind water is highly beneficial in treating a sore throat. Tamarind is used as a water pill to cure bilious disorders, and jaundice.4. The juice extracted out of the tamarind flowers is consumed for cutting bleeding piles.Tamarind fights against cancer. It is an excellent source of antioxidants thereby preventing and curing cancer.Read more about antioxidants rich foods.5. Tamarind helps in reducing the cholesterol levels in the body, thereby promoting a healthy heart. Get more information on  heart-friendly foods.6. Tamarind juice acts as a mild laxative. The juice extracted from tamarind is effective in curing and treating bile disorder.7. Consumption of tamarind assures smooth functioning of the digestive system of the body. The pulp of the ripe tamarind is very useful in treating the digestive problems and constipation problems.8. Tamarind pulp is softened in water and consumed to improve the loss of appetite Tamarind is rich in vitamin C and therefore its pulp proves out to be valuable in preventing and curing scurvy conditions.9. Tamarind pulp, leaves and flowers when applied on swollen and painful joints, in many combinations, promises instant relief.The juice of the tamarind pulp helps in curing conjunctivitis. Eye drops, made out of tamarind seeds, are recommended to treat dry eye syndrome. Tamarind is a rich source of vitamins, fiber, potassium, magnesium and other nutrients necessary or good health. The pulp is rich in calcium, phosphorus, iron, thiamine and riboflavin and a good source of niacin. You should try adding tamarind to your daily diet because tamarind has many health benefits that are sure to keep you healthy and improve you overall health.

Amla-The Natural Immunity Booster

Dr. Kushala, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Immunity Booster – by enhancing the function of NK cells, Neutrophils and Lymphocytes – Prevents Cold and AllergiesVitamin C in Amla – Prevents the formation of gallstones by promoting the conversion of cholesterol to bileEffective in preventing/ameliorating the toxic effects of hepatotoxic agents like ethanol, paracetamol, carbon tetrachloride, heavy metals, ochratoxins, hexachlorocyclohexane, antitubercular drugs and hepatotoxicity resulting from iron overloadReduce the need of use of bronchodilators To mitigate hyperlipidemia and metabolic syndromeSlow the activity of osteoclasts, the cells that break down the bonePolyphenols – are potent anti inflammatory in function which reduces pain Anti Cancerous – On Colon, prostate cell lines, breast, Lung , gastric cancer cellsNUTRIENTS (Per 100g)Dietary Fibre - 3.4gEnergy - 58 kcalCHO - 13.7g Protein - 0.5gFat -  0.1 g VITAMINS AND MINERALS (Per 100 g) Vitamin C -600 mgCholine - 256 mg Potassium - 225 mgCalcium - 50 mg BIOACTIVE MOLECULE Polyphenols Tannins  - Ellagic acid,  Corilagin, Pyrogallol , Gallic acidFlavanoids  -  QuercetinBE CAUTIOUS IN:Bleeding disorders – might increase risk of bleedingDiabetes Mellitus – might decrease blood sugar levelsINDIAN GOOSEBERRY GOOSEBERRY SMOOTHIE Ingredients:2 Raw Amla or 1 tbsp Amla Powder1 cup of Almond Milk1 frozen banana1 Kiwi1 tsp freshly grounded Flax seed powder1 small cup spinach1 tsp honey3 cups of waterMethod:Mix all the ingredients in blender Consume Fresh

Amazing Benefits of Amla - the Indian Gooseberry

Dr. D S Rathi, Ayurveda
Emblica officinalis (Amla) is an Ayurvedic herb and is considered as one of the most precious gifts of nature to mankind. It is an important ingredient of some of the famous ayurvedic formulations mainly Chyawanprash, Trifala powder and Amlaki rasayan. It is widely used in Ayurveda and is believed to increase defense against various diseases. It has been traditionally used for a number of purposes including enhancing general ability, improving digestion, wellness of eyes and overall longevity of life.Medicinal Properties of Amla Amla, either as a single herb or in combination with other herbs has been successfully used to treat many health ailments including Digestive Problems, Acidity, Baldness, Common cough and cold, Constipation, Chronic Headache, Dark Circles of Eyes, Dryness in the Body, Diabetes, Dysentery, Premature Ejaculation, General Debility, Gout, Hoarse Voice, Hair-Loss, High Blood Pressure, Indigestion, Itching on the Body, Impure Blood, Eruptions, Jaundice, Loose Motions, Menstrual Disturbance, Migraine, Nose Bleeding, Obesity, Pimples, Piles, Poisonous Insect-bite, Rashes, Skin Diseases etc. The list is exhaustive but following are some main uses of Amla - Amla : Whole body RejuvenatorIt acts as Rasayana. Rasayana is defined as any herb, food, or activity which gives youthfulness and cures diseases. If taken in a proper way, Rasayana prevents early ageing and keeps the person young and active, both physically and mentally. It promotes strength and immunity against diseases. Amla : Nutritional PowerhouseIt contains almost all the nutritional elements and used to boost immunity and body's vitality. It is considered to be the richest source of Vitamin C. Due to its high content of vitamin C and polyphenols, amla is a potent antioxidant. Amla - Natural RefreshnerVitamin C present in amla is one of the main factors that can help to retrieve  or  refill  the  energy  lost  by  body.  So, the  replenishment  of new energy causing by amla is considered as a natural refreshner. Amla - Fights with AcidityThe irregular food habits and abnormal intake of sweet, sour, spicy and oily food may cause acidity, and also tea, coffee and smoking are causing that  trouble.  The  physiological  factors  are  anger,  grief  and  depression. This  problem  is  overcome  by  taken  of  one  gram  of  amla  powder  and small amount of sugar mixed with milk or water twice a day. Amla - Controls DiabetesDue to its high vitamin C content, Indian gooseberry proves to be very effective in controlling diabetes. The juice obtained from its fruit, when consumed regularly, stimulates the pancreas and capacitates them to secrete insulin. This reduces the sugar level in blood. Amla - Best Friend for HeartAmla decreases bad cholesterol level in blood and keeps the heart and all vessels healthy.  It nurtures the heart, blood and circulation. It supports the cardiovascular system. Amla - Kills Cancer CellsAmla contains gallic acid, ellagic acid, pyrogallol, some norsesquiterpenoids, corilagin, geraniin, elaeocarpusin, and prodelphinidins B1 and B2. All these chemicals helps in prventing cancer and inhibiting existing cancer cells. Amla - Helps in Urinary troubleThe fresh juice of amla acts as a diuretic which normalize acidic urine. It is helpful in burning urinary infection. It has a natural diuretic action, but does not force water from the body like diuretic tablets. In other words, it helps in elimination of wastes from the body but does not overstimulate or overstarin the urinary system. Amla - Improves AnemiaIt helps in absorption of iron in the body and improves hemoglobin level. Amla - The Best DermatologistAmla helps in maintaining healthy skin because Amla strengthens digestive power, helps the liver detoxify and is rich in Vitamin C and minerals, it is very good for the complexion. Amla moisturizes the skin, cleanses the tissues of toxins and supports immunity of the skin against bacterial infection. It makes the skin glow and look beautiful and healthy. It enriches hair growth and pigmentation. The oil prepared by using this herb is excellent for hair health and prevents graying. Amla - Keeps the Eyes HealthyIt is excellent in preserving eyesight. It is also beneficial in treating conjunctivitis and glaucoma, by reducing intraocular tension. Amla - Treats LeucorrhoeaThe  major  problem  of  females  is  the  discharge  of  white  mucous material, often  an  indication  of  infection. This  problem is overcome by taken of  3  gms of  powdered  amla  with  6  gms  of  honey  everyday for one month can cure this problem. Amla - Imroves Body WeightIt  assists  in  balancing  nitrogen  levels  and  increasing  protein  levels very  well,  which  helps  in  increasing  your  weight.  Amla  contains minerals   including  chromium,   zinc,   and  copper,   which   helps   in maintaining  proper  functioning  of  the  metabolic  activities  of  the body. Amla - Maintains Overall EquilibriumAccording to Ayurveda, amla balances all three doshas. It serves to tone all the vital organs of the body and builds health by eradicating the harmful disease-causing elements from the body.

5 Super Fruits to Keep You Healthy

Dr. Yogesh Kumar, Ayurveda
Amla or Indian gooseberryScientifically known as Emblica Officinalis ,Amla grows wild or can be easily cultivated. This wonder fruit is highly valued by nutritionists and doctors.its fruit is sour and astringent and is mostly eaten raw,it has a sweet after taste.It is also used in making jams pickles and jellies.It is a rich source of vitamin c the fruit pulp contains a chemical which prevents the oxidation of vitamin in it.it has been used to treat scurvy in many cases.it has a laxative property.in combination with iron, Amla is used as a remedy for anemia ,jaundice, and dyspepsia.2. AppleIT is said that there are thousands of variety of the Apple in the world and you can never taste them all.Apple is a good source of fibre. Fibre is a term used to the indigestible carbohydrates in our diet.It is also known as roughage.Roughage protects from various digestive disorders and it gives bulk to the diet.3. BananaThe banana is the most valued  food item.Its energy content makes it a very advantageous and filling staple.Ripe banana can augment the diets of small children and convalescents with many beneficial effects. The banana fruit has 20% sugar.It is well digested and nutrients are easily absorbed.The ripe banana has 1.2 g protein,0.4 g fibre,88 mg potassium.The fruit is a fair source of vitamin B and calcium.4. Jack fruitOnly 30% of the Jack fruit is edible,the fruit contains a large number of seeds and the three fourth of the edible portion is contributed by moisture.It has a little protein and fat,19.8% carbohydrates and it yields 88 Kcals of energy.It provides some carotene,thiamine,riboflavin,niacin and vitamin C.5. JamunThe Jamun fruit is attractive purple color,sweet in taste and healthy.It has glucose and fructose as the principal sugars.It is a good source of vitamin C and Minerals. Jamun is believed to be beneficial in the treatment of Diabetes.

5 Easy Ways to Slip in Ayurveda in Your Everyday Life

Dr. Richa Garg, Ayurveda
Ayurveda is not all about herbs; it is also a way of living a disciplined life. It has certain rules and regulations that can be followed to live a healthy and well-organised life. Ayurveda also helps in balancing both physical and mental health. Here we have listed few Ayurvedic principles that you can incorporate in tour daily life to have a happy and healthy life:1. Get up early in the morningAccording to Ayurveda, it is advisable to get up early in the morning. Early morning is the time to get some fresh air and positive energy and save it up for rest of the day.2. Start your day with a (water) power drinkStart your day with a glass of water and if you want, add a spoon for pure honey. It helps you flush out toxins from the body and honey helps get rid of the unwanted bacteria from the body. It also helps in fatigue and ease bowel movement as a result constipation also improves.3. Exercise and meditateA good thirty minute of exercise will help you to keep your system active and will keep your weight in check, which is the major cause of most problems. At the same time it is important to take out few minutes to shut yourself from all the chaos and simply relax. 4. Eat the Ayurvedic way‘You are what you eat’ this saying is absolutely true! Ayurveda emphasizes on eating fresh and seasonal fruits and vegetables. It is important to stay away from the oily and junk food to have a healthy body. If you continue to follow Ayurvedic way throughout then your body will start developing positive energy and will clear all the doshas.5. Add more herbs and essential spices to your dietDo include spices like ginger, turmeric, garlic, cumin and black pepper in your cooking. All these herbs help to cut bad cholesterol and trigger the metabolism as well. 

Ever Thought (Figs) Anjeer Could Be So Beneficial to Your Health?

Ms. Ankita Gupta Sehgal, Dietitian/Nutritionist
Figs, as popularly known as “Anjeer” in India, is one of the oldest fruit grown on this planet.  It is a seasonal fruit.  Fresh figs are not available throughout the year, but dried figs are available anywhere and in every season.This fruit possesses numerous health benefits as it is loaded with a lot of vitamins, minerals, and fiber, such as vitamin A, vitamin B1, vitamin B2, calcium, phosphorus, sodium, potassium, magnesium, iron, etc.A few of the health benefits of figs are discussed below:Relieves constipation:  It contains both soluble and insoluble fiber, which promote healthy and regular bowel movement and prevents constipation. Lowers cholesterol:  It contains phenol, omega-3, and omega-6 fatty acids.  These fatty acids lower down the bad cholesterol and triglyceride levels and thereby preventing the person to suffer from heart diseases. Weight loss:  Dried figs apart from their fiber content are also low in calories.  It is a satisfying fruit and gives a fuller feeling for a longer time. Prevents Hypertension: Hypertension occurs due to high sodium intake and less potassium intake.  Fig contains more amount of potassium and less sodium, which keeps a check on blood pressure levels. Strengthen bones:  Its high calcium content makes your bones healthy and strong, thus preventing osteoporosis. About 8-10 figs contain as much as calcium as one glass of milk. Prevents diabetes:  It’s high potassium content stabilizes the blood sugar levels. Fig leaves given in the breakfast daily to the diabetic patients reduce the amount of insulin needed in the form of injections.  So this fruit should be added to the diet of a diabetic patient.But as they say, an excess of everything is bad.  It can cause diarrhea or rashes if eaten too many, so enjoy this fruit in moderation.