Articles on dengue virus

Dengue: Facts And Prevention Measures

Jayakrishnan
With dengue cases on the rise, here's all you need to know about the spread and prevention measures of the disease.The number of dengue cases, caused by viruses transmitted by mosquitoes, have been on the rise, as the monsoon season is underway. Here are some important facts about dengue and a few preventive measures you need to be aware of.Facts about the Aedes mosquitoesThe Dengue virus is primarily transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. These mosquitoes do not lay eggs in drains, ditches, canals, wetlands, rivers or lakes. “What most people do not realise is that the dengue mosquito breeds in fresh clean water as opposed to dirty drains. Thus, people living in clean urban surroundings are more at risk of acquiring the diseaseWith dengue cases on the rise, here's all you need to know about the spread and prevention measures of the disease.The number of dengue cases, caused by viruses transmitted by mosquitoes, have been on the rise, as the monsoon season is underway. Here are some important facts about dengue and a few preventive measures you need to be aware of.Facts about the Aedes mosquitoesThe Dengue virus is primarily transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. These mosquitoes do not lay eggs in drains, ditches, canals, wetlands, rivers or lakes. “What most people do not realise is that the dengue mosquito breeds in fresh clean water as opposed to dirty drains.Thus, people living in clean urban surroundings are more at risk of acquiring the diseaseWith dengue cases on the rise, here's all you need to know about the spread and prevention measures of the disease.The number of dengue cases, caused by viruses transmitted by mosquitoes, have been on the rise, as the monsoon season is underway. Here are some important facts about dengue and a few preventive measures you need to be aware of.Facts about the Aedes mosquitoesThe Dengue virus is primarily transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes. These mosquitoes do not lay eggs in drains, ditches, canals, wetlands, rivers or lakes. “What most people do not realise is that the dengue mosquito breeds in fresh clean water as opposed to dirty drains. Thus, peoothingUse mosquito repellents, especially during the monsoon seasonSince dengue is caused by a virus, it is the symptoms that are treated and the chronic phase of the illness with fever and myalgias lasts approximately one to two weeks.The symptoms:Severe joint and muscle painSwollen lymph nodesHeadacheFeverExhaustion - RashesThe risk of complications is in less than 1% of dengue cases The danger of dengue lies in dehydration, so it is vital to consume a lot of fluids and to only opt for a platelet transfusion if there is active bleeding or your platelet count is below 10,000.

Dengue Management and Prevention by Homeopathy

Dr. Abhay S Patil, Homeopath
Dengue fever also known as breakbone fever, is a mosquito-borne tropical disease caused by the dengue virus. Symptoms include fever, headache, muscle and joint pains, and a characteristic skin rashthat is similar to measles. In a small proportion of cases the disease develops into the life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, resulting in bleeding, low levels of blood platelets and blood plasma leakage, or into dengue shock syndrome,According to statistical data there had been rise of 22 % cases of Dengue in Maharashtra in 2014 than 2013Prevention, Symptomatic  treatment after diagnosis, rest and lots of fluid can help to combat this diseaseThere are no approved vaccines for the dengue virus. Prevention thus depends on control of and protection from the bites of the mosquito that transmits it.The primary method of controlling A. aegypti is by eliminating its habitats. This is done by getting rid of open sources of water, or if this is not possible, by adding insecticides or biological control agents to these areas.Reducing open collections of water through environmental modification is the preferred method of control, given the concerns of negative health effects from insecticides and greater logistical difficulties with control agents.People can prevent mosquito bites by wearing clothing that fully covers the skin, using mosquito netting while resting,However, these methods appear not to be sufficiently effective, as the frequency of outbreaks appears to be increasing in some areas, probably due to urbanization increasing the habitat of A. aegypti. The range of the disease appears to be expanding possibly due to climate changeHome remedies1. Papaya for dengue:Juice made of papaya and its leaves is considered as one of the best home remedy. Papaya leaves are packed with enzymes that normalize platelet count, improve clotting factor, improves liver function thereby helping the person to recover.Have the juice with little water as it is bitter to taste2. Dragon fruit juice:This fruit once enjoyed as an expensive and exotic smoothic or juice is supposed to help for dengue fever.The vitamin c in this fruit aid in  improving immunity and prevent dengue hemorrhagic fever. It is good for bones, boost hemoglobin and has high antioxidant property3. High Protein Diet:To restore the vitamins,minerals,proteins and fats in body, high protein diet is required after  recovery. So eating fish, eggs,moong dal khichdi,buttermilk and vegetables soups will get patient to normal activities fastHomoeopathy can help you to get relief from the acute  symptoms and also prevent further  complications. Remedies indicatedEupatorium:Bone breaking pain with feverChill every 7-9am morning preceded by great thirstNausea, vomiting at close of chill.Periodical Headache and vomiting, chill 7-9 am, fever 3rd -4th day.Craving for cold drinks, acid drinks, ice creams.Moaning with all complaints.Aranea Diadema:Periodicity and suceptibility to Dampness with coldness present in every synptom.Throbbing pains in the long bones, feels cold to the very bones.Wakes up at night with hands twice their natural size.All complaints better by Smoking.Hammemilis:Haemorrhages Capillary which causes Undue weakness.Headache esp left temple feels as if bolt were pushed inside.Eyes feels sore, blood shot eyes, better by pressure on eyes.Hastens Absorption of haemorrhage inside the body.Forgetful , but egoistic remedy wants the respect to be shown.• Other remedies: gel, Rhus veneta, Secale cor, Podophyllum, Ipecac , Crotallus horridus are often used as per the symptoms

This Monsoon, Let's Fight Dengue

Dr. Puneet Gupta, Pulmonologist
Rain has come and its time to relax after hot climate. Rain brings joy to everyone but it also brings some troubles in the form of dengue, malaria, chickungunya, viral respiratory illness, diarrhoea etc.Today, we will talk about dengue, how to prevent, identify it and the various treatment options available. With multiple cities including Delhi recording a high number of dengue related cases, it is important that you know about the disease and how to prevent it.Dengue fever is transmitted by the bite of an Aedes mosquito infected with a dengue virus. Mosquito can bite any time in day but it is more in early morning hourr & in evening.Symptoms of Dengue FeverSymptoms, which usually begin four to six days after infection and last for up to 10 days, may includeSudden, high feverSevere headachesPain behind the eyesSevere Bone, joint and muscle painFatigueNauseaVomitingBreathlessnessSkin rash, which appears two to five days after the onset of feverMild bleeding (such a nose bleed, bleeding gums, or easy bruising)Sometimes, symptoms are mild and can be mistaken for those of the flu or another viral infection. However, serious problems can develop. These include dengue hemorrhagic fever, a rare complication characterized by high fever, damage to lymph and blood vessels, bleeding from the nose and gums, enlargement of the liver, and failure of the circulatory system. The symptoms may progress to massive bleeding, shock, and death. This is called dengue shock syndrome (DSS)People with weakened immune systems as well as those with a second or subsequent dengue infection are believed to be at greater risk for developing dengue hemorrhagic fever.Diagnosing dengue infectionDoctors can diagnose dengue infection with a blood test to check for the virus or antibodies to it.Treatment for dengue feverThere is no specific medicine to treat dengue infection. If you think you may have dengue fever, you should use only Paracetamol for Fever. Avoid medicines with aspirin, Ibuprofen, Nemuslide, pain killers, etc. (NSAIDS), which could worsen bleeding. You should also rest, drink plenty of fluids, and see your doctor. If you start to feel worse after 24 hours or if fever goes up, you should get to a hospital immediately to be checked for complications.Preventing dengue feverThere is no vaccine to prevent dengue fever yet in market. The best way to prevent the disease is to prevent bites by infected mosquitoes.To protect yourself:Stay away from heavily populated residential areas, if possible.Use mosquito repellents, mosquito repellents cream, while going out and even indoors.When outdoors, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants tucked into socks.Use mosquito nets.If you have symptoms of dengue, speak to your doctor.Avoid collection of water in places where mosquitoes can breed. These include old tires, cans, or flower pots that collect rain. Regularly change the water in cooler, outdoor bird baths and pets' water dishes.If someone in your home gets dengue fever, be especially vigilant about efforts to protect yourself and other family members from mosquitoes. Mosquitoes that bite the infected family member could spread the infection to others in your home.Stay Alert... Stay Healthy...

Dengue

Dr. Ajay Verma, Homeopath
What is dengueDengue fever also known as break bone fever, is an infectious tropical disease caused by the dengue virus.Dengue viruses are arboviruses. There are four strains of the virus, which are called serotypes, and these are referred to as DENV-1, DENV-2, DENV-3 and DENV-4.Dengue virus is primarily transmitted by Aedes mosquitoes, particularly A. aegypti. Other Aedes species that transmit the disease include A. albopictus, A. polynesiensis and A. scutellaris. These mosquitoes typically bite during the day, particularly in the early morning and in the evening.Dengue carrierAedes mosquitoes are the carrier of Dengue viruses. These mosquitoes can be easily distinguished as it is larger in size and have black and white stripes on its body, so it is sometimes called tiger mosquitoes. They usually bite during the day time. They breed in artificial accumulation of fresh water, such as broken bottles and tins, flower pots, coconut shell, tree holes and so on.Signs & symptomsDengue fever is the most common of all arthropod born diseases. Dengue viruses are capable of infecting humans, and causing disease. The infection may be:Asymptomatic orSymptomatic, which may lead to :Classical dengue feverDengue hemorrhagic fever with shock orDengue hemorrhagic fever without shockDengue fever or classical dengue feverIt is also known as “Breakbone” fever or acute viral infection. The symptoms of classical dengue fever are as follows:The onset is sudden with chills and high fever raised from 102 to 105 degree and continued about 3-5 days, intense headache (retro orbital), severe muscle and backbone pain, vomiting, tastelessness, weakness, dry tongue, constipation, reddish eye, and edema on face. The fever lasts for 5-7 days after which the recovery is usually complete. The chance of fatality is very low.Dengue hemorrhagic feverIt is the severe form of dengue fever caused by infection of double dengue virus. The first infection sensitizes the patient and the second appears to produce immunological catastrophe. The clinical manifestations are:Fever is of acute onset, continues and lasting for 2-7 days.Liver enlargement and tenderness. Pain feels at pressure on liver.Nausea, vomiting and abdomen pain.Severe pain on whole body especially in backbone and joints.Hemorrhage.Bleeding under skinBleeding from noseGum bleedingBlood in vomitingBlood in stoolDengue shock syndrome (DSS)In DSS symptoms of classical dengue fever, dengue hemorrhagic fever, and shock manifested by rapid and weak pulse with narrowing of the pulse pressure or hypotension, with the presence of cold, clammy skin and restlessness are present.Laboratory testsSeveral laboratory tests are helpful in diagnosing dengue infection, but only a few identify the virus itself.Although many infections cause an increase in the white cell blood count, people with dengue fever commonly have a low level of circulating white blood cells.The clot forming elements in the blood, the platelets, are also characteristically low.The percentage of the blood comprised of red cells, the hematocrit, is increased due to fluid leakage into the body tissues. Blood sodium levels are often lower than normal, and liver enzyme levels may be increased due to inflammation.The most commonly performed test to confirm a diagnosis of dengue fever looks for antibodies against the dengue virus in the patient's blood. Although this test can positively identify a dengue infection, antibodies take at least five days to appear in the blood.How to manage dengue feverTake large amounts of fluids (water, soup, milk, juice) along with the normal diet.The patient should take complete rest.Immediately consult a doctor in the following conditions :bleeding from the nose or gums;frequent vomiting;vomiting with blood;black stools;sleepiness;constant crying;abdominal pain;excessive thirst (dry mouth);pale, cold or clammy skin;difficulty in breathing.Homeopathic treatment & preventionHomeopathic system of medicine can treat and prevent dengue fever (DF) and dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF) by immuno modulation of the patients without any side effects and adverse effects.Homeopathy has been used successfully in the other countries apart from India in the past. The selection of drugs in these cases depends upon the individual response to infection and virulence of the virus. The symptomatology of the patients those who are having dengue fever and dengue hemorrhagic are studied to decide about the curative and preventive medicines for any patient as well as epidemic as a whole.There are about 12 homeopathic medicines. These drugs have been successfully used by various doctors across the globe for its treatment and management.In 1996 during the epidemic in Delhi Eupatorium perfoliatum was found most effective.The present epidemic is of two types. One is simple dengue fever (DF) having no mortality, self limiting course and the patient usually recovers within five to seven days. Homeopathic medicines are prescribed only under the supervision of qualified homeopathic doctors.The second type is dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF), which is a severe type of infection and can be fatal. It usually develops in patients those who are already sensitized with dengue virus. The high grade fever is usually associated with severe nausea vomiting, abdominal pain and bleeding from nose, gums, blood in vomiting and stools.This type of dengue fever (DHF) can be treated with homeopathy along with the intensive general management of the patient in form of monitoring of their leucocytes and platelet counts. Remedies can be safely used in every patient along with the general treatment being given by the allopathic doctors.After studying some of the dengue hemorrhagic patients it appears that homeopathic medicines having hemorrhagic diathesis are most indicated in the present epidemic.Homeopathic treatment is quite effective not only for dengue fever but also for all other types of fevers like malaria. If the disease has already advanced and hemorrhagic state has set in, there are many homeopathic drugs to stop the hemorrhage, which must be chosen according to symptoms of the individual. Using the same medicine in every case may not be a wise option and might result in failure of the treatment.There are other home remedies to lower the fever but going by the advice of the doctor should be preferred rather than going for self treatment.Dengue is a condition of emergency, where the blood counts fall drastically if not treated effectively and immediately.Prevention with homeopathySimple dengue fever (DF): The trends of current symptomatology of the epidemic reveals that some homeopathic remedies can be taken twice daily for three days and subsequently at least two doses a week at the interval of three - four days till the epidemic persist for the prevention of dengue fever.Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF): Homeopathic remedies having hemorrhagic diathesis can be given twice a day for three days and two doses a week in all the patients those who have already suffered with the dengue fever and are prone for dengue hemorrhagic fever. Some remedies can also be used alternately to prevent both the types of dengue fever in so far not infected individuals.Why consider homeopathic treatment?It is a natural way of treating any disease without side effects.It is based on nature’s law that is like cures like.It is a holistic science that is it treats patient as a whole and not particular organ of the body.It acts not only on physical level but also on mental level of the individual.Benefits of taking homeopathic medicinesMedicines have no side effects if given according to the symptoms of the patient.Remedies have no interaction with allopathic medicines so can be taken along with allopathic treatment.It has a limited role in emergency, but can be of great benefit post emergency.Treatment can be used as post emergency treatment, where the blood counts have been stabilized. Medicines are very effective in restoring the vitality of a person after such attacks.Medicines can also be used with conventional therapies, to improve stamina, reduce fever, and improve appetite.Remedies are safe and can be given to any age group and even to the pregnant women without any side effects; but it is always better if these are used in consultation with the qualified doctor.How homeopathy helps?There are remedies which are prescribed for various types of fever that is intermittent, remittent or continuous. Remedies are very effective in decreasing the intensity of fever.Medicines are helpful in reducing the bodyaches, muscleache, headache and backache.Remedies are helpful in treating vomiting, constipation and tastelessness.Treatment helps to improve retro orbital pain.It helps to prevent hemorrhage from various orifices.Medicines treat the post viral weakness effectively.Treatment helps in quick recovery of disease.

What Is Zika Virus? Should We Be Worried?

Dr. Harshini.V, Gynecologist/Obstetrician
Zika virus was first isolated in the year 1947, in Africa. Although its only recently that the whole world has come to know about it. Zika virus belongs to a family of viruses called flavi virus and spreads by mosquito bite (Aedes egypti - which also causes dengue, chikungunya ) during day time.Incubation period for Zika virus is between 3 to 12 days. Common symptoms are fever, muscle pain, weakness, dehydration which last for weeks. However, pregnant women are at a higher risk, as the virus can effect the brain growth of the foetus (microcephaly - small head), and can even cause fetus's death. Virus is active and transmissible in the first week from an infected person through mosquito bites. So far cases have been reported officially in (a WHO report): Barbados | Bolivia (Plurinational State of) | Brazil | Colombia | Costa Rica | Curaçao | Dominican Republic | Ecuador | El Salvador | French Guiana | Guadeloupe | Guatemala | Guyana | Haiti | Honduras | Jamaica | Martinique | Mexico | Nicaragua | Panama | Paraguay | Puerto Rico | Sint Maarten | Suriname | US Virgin Islands | Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of)Diagnosis:Diagnosis can be done by blood test / amniocentesis if needed.Treatment:There is no vaccine or a specific anti-viral treatment available for Zika Virus. Symptoms like fever, headache, body rash etc can be treated symptomatically. Usually hospitalization is not required but in case condition worsens, do not hesitate from taking hospital care. CautionPregnant women who are planning to travel to Zika virus affected countries, please make sure that you consult your doctor. Properly understand all the risks that are involved and make an informed choice. Prevention:Wear clothing that fully covers your body and is loose, and comfortableApply mosquito repellent generously. In case you are applying a sunscreen, apply mosquito repellent over itDrink plenty of fluidsRest a lotIf You have a child:Cover the arms and legs of the childBed or crib of the child should always be covered under mosquito netRefrain from applying mosquito repellent on a child’s hand, irritated skin or a cut. You can spray the repellent on your hands and then apply it. NOTE: Take good care of yourself and your family. It is advisable to avoid traveling to places affected with Zika virus. In case it is absolutely mandatory, make sure you consult your doctor. 

Chikungunya Fever

Dr. Maneet Kaur, Diabetologist
CHIKUNGUNYA is a mosquito-borne viral disease.  It is an RNA virus that belongs to the alphavirus genus of the family Togaviridae. The name “chikungunya” derives from a word in the Kimakonde language (local Tazanian language), meaning “to become contorted”, and describes the stooped appearance of sufferers with joint pain (ARTHRALGIA).BREEDING SITES SymptomsMost people infected with chikungunya virus will develop some symptoms.Symptoms usually begin 3–7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito.The most common symptoms are fever and joint pain.Other symptoms may include headache, muscle pain, joint swelling, or rash.Chikungunya disease does not often result in death, but the symptoms can be severe and disabling.Most patients feel better within a week. In some people, the joint pain may persist for months.People at risk for more severe disease include newborns infected around the time of birth, older adults (≥65 years), and people with medical conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or heart disease.Occasional cases of eye, neurological and heart complications have been reported, as well as gastrointestinal complaintsOnce a person has been infected, he or she is likely to be protected from future infections.TransmissionThe virus is transmitted from human to human by the bites of infected female mosquitoes. Most commonly, the mosquitoes involved are Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus, two species which can also transmit other mosquito-borne viruses, including dengue. These mosquitoes can be found biting throughout daylight hours, though there may be peaks of activity in the early morning and late afternoon.MODE OF TRANMISSION OF VIRUSDiagnosisThe symptoms of chikungunya are similar to those of any other viral fever.Consult your doctor if you develop the symptoms described above and have visited an area where chikungunya is found.The virus may be isolated from the blood during the first few days of infection. Various reverse transcriptase–polymerase chain reaction (RT–PCR) methods are available but are of variable sensitivity.Serological tests, such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA), may confirm the presence of IgM and IgG anti-chikungunya antibodies.TreatmentThere is no vaccine to prevent or no specific antiviral medicine to treat chikungunya virus.Treat the symptoms:Plenty of rest.Drink plenty of fluids prevent dehydration.Take medicine such as acetaminophen or paracetamol to reduce fever and pain.Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding).

Chikungunya - Everything You Need to Know

Dr. Deepak Rathi, Ayurveda
What is ChikungunyaChikungunya is a viral disease transmitted to humans by the bite of an infected Aedes aegypti and aedes albopictus mosquitoes. The disease is closely similar to dengue fever. The word "Chikungunya" comes from the word “kungunyala” in Makonde language which means “that which bends up” or "Bent over in Pain". Outbreaks are most likely to occur in post-monsoon period when the vector (mosquitoes) density is very high. Symptoms of ChikungunyaSymptoms usually begin 3‒7 days after being bitten by an infected mosquito. Common Symptoms are - 1. Fever : The fever varies from low grade to high grade, lasting for 24 to 48 hours. Fever rises abruptly in some, reaching 39-40 degree Celcius, with shaking chills and rigor and usually subsides with use of antipyretics. 2. Pain in Joints : Pain and sweling in one or more joints may be there. Knee, Wrist, Small joints og Fingers are commonly affected. The joint pain tends to be worse in the morning.  The pain may remit for 2-3 days and then reappear. 3. Backache. 4. Headache. 5. Muscle Pain. 6. Nausea. 7. Rashes.Some facts about the Mosquito • Aedes species mosquitoes transmit chikungunya virus. • This mosquito breeds in clean stagnant water and takes eight to 10 days to mature from larvae. • The Aedes  mosquito  breeds  in  domestic  settings  such  as  flower vases, water-storage containers, air coolers, etc. and peri-domestic areas such as  construction  sites, coconut  shells, discarded  household  junk  items  (tyres, plastic and metal cans, etc.). • These same types of mosquitoes transmit dengue virus • The adult female mosquito rests in cool and shady areas in domestic and peri-domestic settings • These mosquitoes bite mostly during the daytime.When to seek medical help?• Fever persisting for more than five days. • Intractable pain. • Postural dizziness, cold extremities. • Decreased urine output.• Any bleeding under the skin or through any orifice. • Incessant vomiting Treatment of Chikungunya • There is no specific medicine to treat Chikungunya. It is treated symptomatically. • Medicines are given to reduce the fever and pain. If you have Chikungunya Infection, follow these instructions ♦ Take plenty of rest.♦ Drink fluids to prevent dehydration. You can take ORS Powder or Lemon Water.♦ Consult your doctor. He may give you medicine such as  paracetamol to reduce fever and pain.♦ Do not take aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS until dengue can be ruled out to reduce the risk of bleeding).♦ If you are taking medicine for another medical condition, talk to your doctor before taking additional medication.♦ During the first week of infection, chikungunya virus can be found in the blood and passed from an infected person to another mosquito through mosquito bites. An infected mosquito can then transmit the virus to other people.♦ To prevent further spread of the virus, it is important for people to avoid mosquito bites during the first week of illness.     Illness Course and Outcomes • Most patients starts feeling better within a week. • Some people may develop long-term joint pain. • Chikungunya disease does not often result in death, but the symptoms can be severe and disabling. • Hospitalisation is rarely required. • People at increased risk for severe disease include newborns exposed during delivery, older adults (≥65years), and people with medical conditions such as high blood pressure, diabetes, or heart disease. Diagnosis of Chikungunya • The symptoms of chikungunya are similar to those of Dengue and Zika, diseases spread by the same mosquitoes that transmit chikungunya. • See your doctor if you develop the symptoms described above and have visited an area where chikungunya is found. • If you have recently traveled, tell your healthcare provider when and where you traveled. • Your doctor may order blood tests to look for exact cause of fever. It may include blood testing for chikungunya, Dengue, Malaria, Typhoid etc. • Symptoms can be very like those of dengue fever, so suspect cases will need to have a blood test to check for these and chikungunya antibodies. DO NOT SELF DIAGNOSE. See your doctor if you think you or a family member might have chikungunya. Where can I order Chikungunya Virus testing..? • Diagnostic blood testing is available in almost all Pathology laboratories. • The Delhi government has put a cap on the prices of chikungunya test. The Chikungunya Serology IgM test, which can confirm a case of chikungunya five to six days after the fever, has been capped at Rs 600/-. The test costs between Rs 800 and Rs 1,000 at private facilities. • The price of the test that can confirm Chikungunya Virus a bit earlier – RT PCR (Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction) – has been capped at Rs 1,500/-. The test costs between Rs 3,500/- and Rs 4,000/- at private facilities. Prevention of Chikungunya • There is no vaccine or medication to prevent chikungunya virus infection or disease. • People at increased risk for severe disease should consider not traveling to areas with ongoing chikungunya outbreaks. • If you are sick  with chikungunya, avoiding mosquito bites will help prevent  further spread of the virus. Protect Yourself from Mosquito Bites • Use air conditioning or window/door screens to keep mosquitoes outside. If you are not able to protect yourself from mosquitoes inside your home or hotel, sleep under a mosquito bed net. • Help reduce the number of mosquitoes outside your home by emptying standing water from unattended containers such as flowerpots, cans or buckets. • When weather permits, wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants. • Use mosquito repellents on exposed skin. • Wear permethrin-treated clothing • Support local vector control programs.

Dengue, Chickungunya and Homeopathy.

Dr. Manu Gupta, Homeopath
DENGUE, CHICKUNGUNYA AND HOMEOPATHY.Dengue fever and chickungunya is a virus-caused disease that is spread by the bite of mosquitoes (Aedes-aegypti). This is also known as Break bone fever. the severity of symptoms like bodyaches, joints pain are more in chickenguinya .WHO currently estimates there may be 50–100 million dengue and chickungunya infections worldwide every year. Symptoms: Dengue and chickungunya are not transmitted directly from person-to-person. Its symptoms range from mild fever to fatigue, headache, joint and muscle aches, nausea or vomiting, swollen lymph nodes. In severe cases hemorrhage dengue fever which is characterized by fever, abdominal pain, persistent vomiting, bleeding and breathing difficulty; can be fetal due to blood loss.Treatment: There is no specific treatment available in Orthodox medicine for such conditions. You will need Intravenous fluids and electrolytes if there are signs of dehydration. In case of dengue hemorrhagic fever a transfusion of fresh blood or platelets can be helpful.Prevention: Clothing, mosquito repellent, and netting can help reduce exposure to mosquitoes. Traveling during periods of minimal mosquito activity can also be helpful.Homeopathic management: Homeopathy has been used successfully in the others countries such as India to tackle this epidemic. The selection of homoeopathic remedies depends upon the individual response to infection. In repertory there are about 25 homoeopathic remedies are mention for the treatment of dengue and chickungunya fever. Above all of them Eupatorium perfoliatum and Echinacea angustifolia were found most effective remedies for dengue fever and it has been widely used in 1996 during epidemic of dengue in Delhi.Prevention and Treatment with HomeopathyNormal Dengue and chickungunya Fever: Eupatorium perf 200 or 1M can be taken once daily for three days and subsequently at least two doses a week at the interval of three to four day till the epidemic persist for the prevention of dengue fever. Furthermore Arsenic alb + Bryonia + Echinacea angustifolia + Ledum pal + Rhus tox in 30 potency should be taken once in a day for at least 2 weeks.In case of high Fever: Take Aconite 1M and Eupatorium 1M alternatively, after every 30 minutes immediately on start fever. Just take 3 doses of each remedy. If the symptoms persist then contact your homeopath or your physician. Above mention formula can also be use in case of normal dengue fever with more frequent intervals.Dengue haemorrhagic fever: Ipecac + Eupatorium + Crotalis-hor + Hamamelis + Dengue fever 30 can be given five times a day and two doses a week in all the patients those who have already suffered with the dengue fever and are prone for dengue hemorrhagic fever.There are very good preventive medicines also available which are helpful in immunity booster and help to prevent such complications. you can contact your Homeopathy physician regarding that also.