Bleeding gums are caused by inadequate plaque removal. So you guys will be wondering what is plaque?
Well, the plaque is a soft sticky film that builds upon your teeth and contains millions of bacteria.The germs in the plaque will attack the healthy tissues around the teeth and this, in turn, will cause the gums to become irritated and inflamed which may cause them to bleed on brushing or flossing.This is called as gingivitis ( the first stage of gum disease). Gingivitis is usually a painless condition and bleeding gums may be the only symptom. Other signs include:
- Swollen, red or tender gums.
- Persistent bad breath or taste.
And it is at this stage that it can be treated and completely reversed. So it is important that you don't ignore your bleeding gums.
SO WHAT HAPPENS IF THE PLAQUE STARTS BUILDING UP?
If the plaque is not removed it will cause the gums to separate and recede from the teeth. Once the gums start receding, pockets will form between the gum and the teeth. The plaque will eventually harden into tartar. At this point, the gingivitis will progress into a serious condition called as Periodontitis, and this will cause tooth loose and will affect your overall health.
AFFECT ON OVERALL HEALTH?
Gum Disease has been linked to more serious conditions including diabetes, heart disease, stroke and cancer. Scientists believe that inflammation caused by periodontal disease may be responsible for the association between gum disease and these other conditions. Even more, reasons not to ignore your bleeding gum.
YOU MAY BE AT RISK!
- Age: incidence of gum disease increases with age.50% of adults 30 years or older and 70% of those over 65 have gum disease.
- Stress: Stress is linked to many serious conditions, including periodontal disease. Research demonstrates that stress can make it more difficult for the body to fight off infection, including periodontal diseases.
- Medications: Some prescription medications like anti-depressants, certain heart medications and oral contraceptives.
- Other risk factors:
- Poor oral hygiene
- Poor nutrition
- Clenching or grinding teeth
- Tobacco use
YOU ARE RIGHT TO BE CONCERNED!
1. Remove the plaque bacteria from your teeth.
2. Floss at least once a day.
3. Control bleeding by applying pressure to the area with a cold compress.
4. Rinse with salt water to keep the area clean.
5. Avoid mouthwashes that contain alcohol.