Pregnancy is a unique period during a woman's life and is characterized by complex physiological changes which can adversely affect the oral health. At the same time, oral health is the key to health and well being of not only the mother but also the baby.

Tips for maintaining a healthy mouth during pregnancy -

  • Brush thoroughly with a fluoride toothpaste twice a day.
  • Floss between your teeth daily.
  • Eat a balanced diet. If you snack, do so in moderation.
  • Visit your dentist regularly for professional cleaning and check-up.
  • If you need help controlling plaque, you can use a antimicrobial mouth rinse at night.
  • If you have morning sickness and are vomiting frequently, try rinsing with a tea spoon of baking soda mixed with water to stop stomach acid attacking your teeth.

What to eat-

A balanced diet according to center for nutrition policy ,USA should include-

  • Fruits and vegetables. These should constitute half of what we eat every day.
  • Grains.Make sure atleast half of the grains you eat are whole grains ,such as whole wheat bread and brown rice.
  • Dairy. Choose low fat or fat free dairy foods.
  • Lean proteins- Skinless poultry, fish, eggs, beans. peas, legumes, sea food.

Dental treatment can be done at any time during pregnancy . However the best time to perform elective dental treatment during pregnancy is in the second trimester (14-20 weeks). Shielding  you from x-rays is vital.

Coping with morning sickness-


  • Eat small meals, instead of 3 large ones.
  • Drink fluids 1/2 hour before or after a meal, but not with meals.
  • Open windows or turn fans on, if any odor during cooking bothers you
  • Get plenty of rest
  • Avoid warm places, feeling hot leads to nausea.
  • Sniff lemons or ginger , drink lemonade to relieve nausea
  • Exercise.


  • Do not lie down after eating.
  • Do not skip meals
  • Do not eat spicy food.

There is a possible link between gum disease and pre-term , low birth weight babies. Excessive bacteria can enter blood stream through gums and travel to the uterus. Oral health assessment and treatment should be an essential part of check up and care.

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