We are lucky that in today’s world due to advancement in science, research and technology we get the best. We get options to choose the best product according to our needs. When it comes to treatment again we get options most of the times. Today we are going to discuss toothpastes, something very common and used every day by most of us. The number of toothpaste options is available on the market these days, its huge and it can be confusing making a decision about the best one to buy. There are kinds of toothpaste that strengthen gums, whiten teeth, control tartar and contain fluoride etc. Which one is best for you and which one should you purchase?

This discussion about the various toothpaste on the market should help you choose the right one for you: 

  • Anti Plaque toothpaste: These toothpaste control plaque accumulation on teeth, which reduces the toxic effects of the bacterial toxin on the tooth surrounding tissues, thereby reduces the chances of getting gum disease. Plaque if not cleaned properly hardens into tartar over time. Tartar/Plaque control toothpaste contain ingredients such as pyrophosphates and zinc citrate as well as an antibiotic and antifungal agent called triclosan, which helps to kill bacteria
  • Fluoridated toothpaste: Fluoride is the most important ingredient to look for when selecting toothpaste. It is a natural mineral that has contributed to a rapid decrease in tooth decay. Fluoride reduces the decay of tooth enamel by the formation of fluorapatite and its incorporation into the dental enamel. The fluoride ions reduce the rate of tooth enamel demineralization and increase the rate of remineralization of teeth at the early stages of cavities. There are many developed countries where the public water supply contains the right amount of fluorides in it. When buying water for drinking we should always select the one which contains fluoride in it. Using a toothpaste containing fluoride will help you maintain healthy teeth. 
  • Desensitizing toothpaste: For sensitive teeth, to either hot or cold food items. It helps in reducing the sensitivity on regular use. These toothpastes contain potassium nitrate, strontium chloride, sodium fluoride and other contents which help to block the nerve pathway, hence reducing the sensitivity.  But make sure you visit your dentist if the sensitivity worsens.
  • Whitening toothpaste: There are a number of whitening toothpaste now on the market for people who are concerned about improving the whiteness of their teeth. Whitening toothpaste contains abrasive particles and chemicals that act to polish teeth and help remove stains. This is one of the reasons that it shouldn’t be used in excess. If you are concern about whitening your teeth visit your dentist and get the best and safety advice for teeth whitening.
  • Natural toothpaste: For those who are uncomfortable with brushing with chemicals, natural kinds of toothpaste are an option. These kinds of toothpaste are made from herbal extracts and other natural ingredients, such as essential aloe-vera, oil of ginger, seaweed extract etc. The health claims of these toothpastes have not been clinically proven. Thus, it is important to check if these toothpaste contain fluoride, a proven active ingredient for the prevention of tooth decay already discussed above. Some people allergic to regular toothpaste may use natural toothpaste is recommended by a dentist.
  • Kid's toothpaste: Kids toothpaste are available in various stores according to the age groups. It’s a good idea to use it as recommended by the makers. It comes in different age groups according to the need of fluoride in particular age group. The fluoride content in toothpaste for younger kids will be less as compared to teenagers and adults.
  • Smokers Toothpaste: People who smoke often suffer stained teeth because of tar deposits. Some smokers toothpastes use stronger abrasives to remove these stains. Vigorous brushing with more abrasive pastes may damage the enamel over time. So instead of using hard bristled toothbrush and brushing hard visit your dentist for opinion and try to cut down smoking.

Conclusion: Fluoride is the most important ingredient to look for in toothpaste. Always avoid using whitening toothpaste if you have sensitive teeth. Make sure that the toothpaste you are buying is approved by some dental association. The toothpaste should not contain a natural sweetening agent, it should contain artificial sweetening agents like sorbitol etc. Consult your dentist for their recommendations for any specific dental concerns you have.