There are many possible early warning signs of infertility. Fertility problems are much more common in both men and women. Here are seven signs that you might be infertile or have fertility issues. However, if any of these sound familiar to you, don't panic — none of these symptoms are absolute signs that fertility problems are down the road for you and many of them only cause temporary fertility issues until the conditions are properly treated.
If you experience these symptoms, make an appointment with a fertility specialist to discuss your concerns:
1) Irregular menstrual cycle: On an average, a women’s menstrual cycle is 28 days long. A few days here and there is considered as a normal cycle. But when the cycle varies so much that it becomes difficult to estimate when the next period is likely to arrive. An irregular cycle can be hurdle for fertility issue and it is a sign of ovulation problem. It could be due to hormonal issues, polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS) and can contribute to infertility. Other possible causes for irregular periods includehyperprolactinemia, primary ovarian insufficiency, thyroid dysfunction, low ovarian reserves, overweight and underweight.
2) Light or heavy bleeding and cramps: Three to seven days bleeding is considered as normal. But if, bleeding is very light or extremely heavy then it is a problematic. You should consult the fertility specialist. Menstrual cramps that interfere with your daily life can be a symptom of endometriosis or pelvic inflammatory disease, both of which can cause infertility. Both of these diseases get worse with time, so it’s important you don’t delay seeking help. Proper medication should be done without wasting a time.
3) Hormonal Imbalance: Hormonal changes are continuously occurring in women’s body. Hormonal fluctuations in women might be an indicator of potential fertility issues. When hormones such as Progesterone, Estrogen, Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH), Luteinizing Hormone (LH), thyroid hormones, Prolactin etc. are not at correct levels, they can cause irregular menstrual cycle and affect fertility. Talk to the fertility specialist if you experience skin issues, facial hair growth, rapid hair loss, weight gain or reduced sex drive.
4) Loss of libido: According to various fertility experts, the male partner is responsible in approximately 40 percent of couples who are unable to conceive. Men who have loss of libido, ejaculation problems or pain, or have swelling or lump in testicle could be suffering from fertility problems. This type of problem can be easily overcome with proper medical supervision and balanced diet.
5) Miscarriage rate: Infertility is usually associated with the inability to get pregnant. However, a woman who experiences recurrent miscarriages may also need help from fertility specialist for getting pregnant. Repeated miscarriage is not common. Only one percent of women will miscarry three pregnancies in a row. If you’ve had two successive miscarriages, talk to fertility expert immediately.
6) Drastic Change in facial or body hair: Hormones play an important role in the reproductive function of males too. Changes in hair growth (or texture) are an indicator of hormonal irregularities. Other signs, such as changes in complexion or an outbreak of acne might be caused due to hormonal imbalance and can affect your fertility. If male faces any kind of changes then he should immediately visit the doctor.
7) Changes in the genital area: Visible signs of change or abnormality in the genital area, such as dilated veins or swelling, might indicate a blockage that could prevent the passage of sperm. Keep a look out for these signs. Also, if the male partner has a current or past issue with testicles or prostate, it can be lead to reproductive problems. Immediately consult the fertility specialist to know in detail about infertility.