When two or more bones come together, a joint is formed (e.g., knee, hip, elbow, and shoulder). There are many reasons for diseases and pain in joints. 

Arthritis (inflammation of the joint), bursitis (inflammation of the fluid-filled sac, which acts as a cushion between two joints) and dislocation (when ends of bones are out from their normal position) are a few diseases of the joints. 

Joint pain refers to discomfort, ache, and soreness in joints. Joint pain is a common complaint and does not warrant neglect. It can range from mild to severe pain. It can be associated with swelling, redness, or difficulty in movement. 

5 Common Reasons For Bone And Joint Problems

1. Increasing Life Expectancy of The Population

A steady rise in the ageing population across the globe seems to be the main factor for the increasing incidence of bone and joint problems. 

As you grow old, there is wear and tear of the joint cartilage (smooth white tissue present at the end of bones when they come together to form a joint) that acts as a shock absorber, leading to joint pain.

2. Sedentary Lifestyle

These health problems are a result of the rapid urbanization and socio-economic development of the Indian population. 

Several bone and joint problems like arthritis (joint disease) and osteoporosis (fragile bones) are related to a sedentary lifestyle, increasing trend of obesity, poor diet, lack of exercise, and not enough exposure to the sun. 

Vitamin D is the most critical component for the strengthening of bones, but its deficiency is rampant in India. About 60 to 80% of the Indian population is vitamin D deficient. Vitamin D is necessary for strong bones and muscles. Without Vitamin D, your body cannot effectively absorb calcium, which is essential for good bone health. 

3. Occupational Hazards

There has been a recent upsurge in orthopaedic problems of the spine, joints, and soft tissues in the young population. 

A majority of these individuals work for long hours continuously on the computer, in an incorrect posture. This causes stress on their neck, lower back, knees, wrist, and hands, leading to joint pains.

Thus, working for long hours continuously without taking breaks can lead to chronic orthopaedic problems.

4. Increasing Accidents

Rising motor vehicle, industrial, and domestic accidents lead to fractures, soft tissue injuries, and dislocation of the joints. 

5. Delay in Seeking a Specialist's Opinion

A majority of people suffering from debilitating bone and joint pain due to disease or injury, continue to ignore their health condition and often delay seeking help and opinion from a specialist. This results in the deterioration of their joint problems. 

It is advisable not to ignore frequent bone and joint-related pains. While self-medication and rest might help reduce the pain, it is best to consult a doctor for correct diagnosis and timely treatment.


Disclaimer: This article is written by the Practitioner for informational and educational purposes only. The content presented on this page should not be considered as a substitute for medical expertise. Please "DO NOT SELF-MEDICATE" and seek professional help regarding any health conditions or concerns. Practo will not be responsible for any act or omission arising from the interpretation of the content present on this page.