Bone and joint problems can significantly impact your quality of life, causing pain, discomfort, and limitations in mobility. Understanding the underlying reasons behind these issues is crucial for prevention and effective management. 

5 Common Reasons for Bone And Joint Problems

1. Increasing Life Expectancy of The Population

A steady rise in the ageing population across the globe seems to be the main factor for the increasing incidence of bone and joint problems. 

As you grow old, there is wear and tear of the joint cartilage (smooth white tissue present at the end of bones when they come together to form a joint) that acts as a shock absorber, leading to joint pain.

2. Sedentary Lifestyle

These health problems are a result of the rapid urbanization and socio-economic development of the Indian population. 

Several bone and joint problems like arthritis (joint disease) and osteoporosis (fragile bones) are related to a sedentary lifestyle, increasing trend of obesity, poor diet, lack of exercise, and not enough exposure to the sun. 

Vitamin D is the most critical component for the strengthening of bones, but its deficiency is rampant in India. About 60 to 80% of the Indian population is vitamin D deficient. Vitamin D is necessary for strong bones and muscles. Without Vitamin D, your body cannot effectively absorb calcium, which is essential for good bone health. 

3. Occupational Hazards

There has been a recent upsurge in orthopaedic problems of the spine, joints, and soft tissues in the young population. 

A majority of these individuals work for long hours continuously on the computer, in an incorrect posture. This causes stress on their neck, lower back, knees, wrist, and hands, leading to joint pains.

Thus, working for long hours continuously without taking breaks can lead to chronic orthopaedic problems.

4. Injury and Trauma:

Injuries, such as fractures, dislocations, and ligament tears, can have long-lasting effects on bone and joint health. Improperly healed fractures or untreated injuries can lead to chronic pain, joint instability, and post-traumatic arthritis.

5. Delay in Seeking a Specialist's Opinion

A majority of people suffering from debilitating bone and joint pain due to disease or injury continue to ignore their health condition and often delay seeking help and opinion from a specialist. This results in the deterioration of their joint problems. 

It is advisable not to ignore frequent bone and joint-related pains. While self-medication and rest might help reduce the pain, it is best to consult a doctor for correct diagnosis and timely treatment.

Bone and joint problems can arise from various factors, including aging, sedentary lifestyle, excessive weight, injuries, and medical conditions. While some factors may be beyond our control, adopting a proactive approach to bone and joint health can help prevent or manage these problems effectively. Regular exercise, maintaining a healthy weight, following a balanced diet, and seeking medical attention for injuries and underlying conditions are key steps.

Disclaimer: This article is written by the Practitioner for informational and educational purposes only. The content presented on this page should not be considered as a substitute for medical expertise. Please "DO NOT SELF-MEDICATE" and seek professional help regarding any health conditions or concerns. Practo will not be responsible for any act or omission arising from the interpretation of the content present on this page.