Now, these days Laparoscopic surgery is commonly performed. Traditional surgeries/open abdominal surgeries are decreasing in number due to few inherent advantages of laparoscopic surgery over traditional/open abdominal surgeries: 

  1. Smaller incisions: During open abdominal surgery, the usual length of incisions vary from 3 cm to 18 cm, depending on the indication of surgery. Incisions given for laparoscopic surgery are small (usually 0.5 cm–1.5 cm).
  2. Lesser pain: After surgery, in post-operative period pain is minimal due to small incision size.  
  3. Early recovery: Lesser pain after surgery fastens the recovery process and faster return to everyday living. 
  4. Lesser pain medication: Reduced pain after surgery amount to lesser medication for pain after surgery.
  5. Shorter hospital stays: Because of early ambulation and faster recovery average hospital stay remains 1 to 2 days for laparoscopic surgery (versus 5 to 7 days for open surgery). 
  6. Lesser wound infection and hernia formation: Smaller incisions decrease the risk of wound infection and chances of hernia formation. 
  7. Cosmetically acceptable scars: Smaller incisions result in less scarring and hence cosmetically acceptable scars.
  8. Reduced chances of Infections: There is reduced exposure of internal organs to possible external contaminants which reduces the risk of acquiring infections.
  9. Reduced haemorrhaging: The amount of blood loss is lesser during laparoscopic surgeries which reduces the chance of needing a blood transfusion.
  10. Less metabolic derangements: Medical literature supports the fact that there are lesser metabolic derangements after laparoscopic surgery compared to open abdominal surgery.
  11. Better postoperative pulmonary function: Pulmonary functions i.e. capacity to breath in and out is least affected after laparoscopic surgery which helps in faster recovery from the procedure.