1. Who is a Paediatrician?
A paediatrician or a child specialist is a doctor who manages the health of your child. A paediatrician is trained to manage the physical, behavioural, and mental health of a child. A child specialist is trained to treat childhood illnesses, from minor health issues to serious health disorders. A child can be treated by a paediatrician right from birth.
2. What is the age range of children which a Paediatrician can treat?
Paediatricians can treat a child right from birth. From birth till 2 years, there may be many visits to the paediatrician. From age 2 to 5 years, there will be once a year “well-child” visits. After the age of 5 years, paediatric visits will be done annually. Up to the age of 18 years, you can visit a paediatrician.
3. Can a Paediatrician perform surgery?
Paediatricians are concerned with the physical and mental well being of children. Paediatric surgeons specialize in surgeries. A paediatrician can also perform surgeries with the necessary training. Paediatricians may only evaluate and treat children through non-invasive procedures. Paediatric surgeons perform minor surgeries like removal of foreign bodies to major surgeries like cardiac surgery.
4. What does a paediatrician do?
A paediatrician is trained to perform procedures like: vaccine administration, treat dislocated shoulders or elbows, treat minor injuries, remove foreign bodies, split brown bones, perform circumcision. Apart from these specific procedures paediatricians also ensure well-being of the child through routine examinations. They also handle conditions that affect new born children.
5. How is a Paediatrician different from a general physician?
Paediatricians and physicians are both doctors, but treat patients belonging to different age groups. Paediatricians specialize in treating patients aged 18 years and younger, while general physician treats patients above the age of 18 years. Paediatricians focus on providing medical care to infants, children and teenagers. Physicians may specialize in certain field of medicine.
Healing children requires not only special education but also the ability to give them a comfortable ambiance. A paediatrician is a doctor who has the ability to take care of your child’s overall well-being, including his health, cognitive development, and behavioural pattern. This branch of medical science trains the specialist to analyse and treat childhood diseases, from trivial health issues to severe illnesses.
Though a child is too small to express his physical problems, his chances of being infected by diseases are no less. So, as parents, you should pay a regular visit to a paediatrician to ensure proper growth and development as well as receive treatment for a disease he may be suffering from. For a proper diagnosis it is essential to update the doctor about every symptom and resolve doubts.
Specialisations vary with the treatment required, disease and the age. While neonatology is for the infants who require intensive care, there are other divisions like paediatric cardiology, paediatric oncology, paediatric surgery, paediatric palliative, paediatric behavioural and cognitive, paediatric for child abuse, and various other specializations depending on the child’s illness. Each branch of medicine offers special training for dealing with children.
The consultation fees of general paediatricians in Pune is approximately Rs. 500/- to Rs. 700/-. There might be an additional cost if the illness is complex and needs special care.
Though a child can suffer from any kind of illness and the treatment varies accordingly, some of the common treatments for the regular problems are:
Sore throat: It’s a very common illness among kids and doctors treat it with a 10-day course of antibiotics.
Cough, cold, fever: It mostly lasts for a week which is treated with mild medication and saline water nasal sprays. If the symptoms persist, further diagnosis is done to ensure the root cause of the illness.
Pain: Kids tend to hurt themselves often and ibuprofen is the most commonly given medicine. However, for severe pain, a scan might be advised.
Cancer: Like an adult, a child suffering from cancer needs to be treated with chemotherapy, radiotherapy, palliative treatment depending on the stage and area affected.
Surgery: A surgical procedure might be required if the condition of the child is critical. Special paediatric units to take this forward.
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