Otolaryngologist, commonly called an ENT specialist, is a doctor specialised in the diagnosis and treatment of abnormalities related to the ears, nose, and throat. They are also trained in surgeries of the head and neck. An ENT specialist helps in treatment of a wide range of disorders such as ear infections, treatment of hearing loss, nerve pain, disorders of facial and cranial nerves, management of congenital ear problems, treatment of allergies, sinusitis, smell disorders, treatment of diseases related with voice box and oesophagus, swallowing disorders, cosmetic and plastic surgery, facial trauma and cancers.
An ENT specialist can be consulted for several disorders of ear, nose and throat such as an infection in ear, allergies, sinusitis, cosmetic and plastic surgeries, disorders related with the voice box (larynx) and cancers of head and neck region.
Several subspecialties under otolaryngology are otology, head and neck surgery, rhinology, thyroid and parathyroid surgery, skull base surgery, plastic and cosmetic surgery, and laryngology.
Normal consultation charges of an ENT specialist in Pune can range between Rs. 400/- and Rs. 600/-. However, the charges of other medications and surgeries (plastic, cosmetic, ear, nose, and cancer surgeries) will vary depending on the diagnostic tests involved and the duration of the hospital stay.
Ear infections: Any dysfunction in the ear can severely compromise the hearing and thus the quality of life. An ENT specialist can treat hearing disorders such as ear pain, the problem in balancing, fluid discharge from the ear, and hearing loss.
Sinusitis: Sinusitis is a bacteria or virus infection of the sinus cavities. An ENT specialist examines the nose to find out the causes and sources of obstruction and suggests medication, use of decongestants, and even surgery.
Throat problems: An ENT can help in treating problems related to the throat such as speech problems, and difficulty in swallowing.
Plastic surgery: An ENT specialist can also advise and perform plastic surgery of the nose, called rhinoplasty. Rhinoplasty can be performed to improve the shape in cases of a trauma or to improve the functions of the nose such as breathing.
Head and neck surgery: An ENT is trained to handle deformities in the head and neck region, as well as the face. Tumours, and disorders of the nerves of hearing and smell and facial movements are also treated.