The most common problem faced in winters in of dry scaly skin.Some textural changes in winter months is normal but excessive dryness and itching secondary to it is not.

How do you know if you have dry skin?

It’s easy to diagnose if you are suffering from dry skin due to presence of few telltale signs i.e. skin feels dry and tight, you may also feel roughness, itching, flaking and scaling and if inflamed may be red also. In extreme cases cracks/fissures may be noticed with occasional bleeding.  

Why do we get dry skin in winter?

It’s more common in winters as air has less humidity causing dry skin and also in due to thermal and winter clothing’s the inner body temperature also increases leading to further dryness

How can you protect your skin?

  1. The golden rule in dry skin is to moisturize, moisturize and moisturize you skin.
  2. Always use a fragrance free moisturizer and preferably with alpha hydroxyl acids as they exfoliate the dead skin and allow more water and moisture penetration into the skin
  3. Avoid antibacterial, perfumed soaps as they increase the body dryness. Always prefer syndent based soaps with pH as near to skin or shower gels are preferred.
  4. Avoid taking too hot and too long baths (>10minutes) as they  disrupt the natural oil secretion capacity of the skin causing more dryness.
  5. Apply moisturizer immediately after taking bath as the skin in still damp and results in increased moisturizing effect.
  6. Room heaters can dry the air leading to further dryness so avoid them or use room humidifiers to maintain the humidity in the room
  7. Other important factor is to keep your body hydrated,drink plenty of water (6-8 glasses per day). Helps in keeping skin soft 
  8. Diet rich in Omega-3 fatty acids may be of some help 

When do you consult a doctor?

Routinely taking a proper care of your skin you should not end up with dry skin but if you suffer from itching due to dryness or any other symptoms you should immediately consult a dermatologist.