Common Reasons For Braces
Braces can often be chosen for cosmetic reasons. However, braces can also be critical to prevent health issues caused by misaligned teeth. Below are some of the most common reasons for braces and how braces can correct the problem.
Crowded teeth are a common issue we see often for both children and adults. Crowded teeth is simply a condition in which the patient has too many teeth, or the teeth are too large for the jaw size. Overcrowding leads to crooked teeth, generally jammed together, as growing teeth are forced out of alignment. It can result in a less than perfect smile, and can escalate problems with dental health and subsequent need for dental treatments such as fillings or root canals. Braces can effectively treat most crowded teeth conditions and are often used in conjunction with teeth extraction procedures, and in children, palate expanders.
Overbite and Cross bite
For proper alignment and closure the teeth in the upper jaw should slightly overlap the lower jaw, allowing the upper molars to fall into the center grooves of the lower molars when biting down. An overbite occurs when the upper jaw overlaps the lower jaw, affecting the proper closure of the teeth. A cross bite ensues when the alignment is reversed and the teeth in the lower jaw overlap the teeth in the upper jaw. Anterior cross bites occur when the overlap involves the front of the mouth, and posterior cross bite refers to teeth overlapping on the sides of the mouth. All types of misaligned teeth contribute to a variety of moderate to severe health problems, including headaches and earaches, chewing and biting difficulties, speech problems, and sometimes painful jaw joint pain. Overbites, and anterior and posterior cross bites can be amended, at any age, with braces. Early diagnosis is most useful as children's jaws are still developing and teeth can be re-positioned through jaw expansion techniques.
Excessive spacing between teeth can result when teeth are abnormally small, or the jaw is unusually large. Prominent, or missing teeth can produce gaps between teeth. The most common spacing dental issue is a gap between the two front teeth on the upper jaw. Spacing increases the likelihood of periodontal disease as the gums are unprotected, and typically gaps, between the teeth, prevent the teeth from operating correctly. Technology offers a variety of solutions for spacing issues, but often gaps can be closed with braces, or spaces opened allowing teeth replacement options.
Certain patients have skeletal or jaw problems, where in they have either the upper jaw too big or too small or lower jaw too big or too small. In that case orthodontic treatment can help these patients immensely, provided they their treatment in intercepted at an early age. And if it reached adulthood usually if the jaw deformity is too big then we may think Orthognathic surgery as an option.