Sinus augmentation is also known as sinus lift or sinus graft. This is commonly done by the dentists when they are planning a dental implant treatment. Maxillary sinus floor augmentation aims at increasing the volume of the bone present in the maxilla. This is usually targeted in the premolar and molar teeth areas. This leads to the compromising of the maxillary sinus to some extent but then it is of great advantage for implants done in the maxilla. Sinus augmentation is indicated in patients who have lost more than one tooth in the posterior part of the upper jaw. It is also recommended in the cases of loss of excess bone in the posterior upper jaw, teeth missing due to congenital defects and requirement of the strong sinus floor for the multiple implants.
Some of the most common materials used in the sinus augmentation are body's own bone or bone procured for human use, biomaterials as well as platelet rich fibrin. Autogenous bone is a the term given for ones body s own bone graft. First, the surgeon creates an incision which is the basis of the surgery. Then the surgeon reaches to the side wall of the maxillary sinus. From there, the surgeon creates a window and then the membrane is lifted from there. Then the bone graft is inserted through the space. Later, the implant fulfills the space and thus the implant is held properly in the bone. There is another technique which is less invasive. But the augmentation is less effective than the lateral wall of maxillary sinus procedure.The implant is usually placed 6 months after the sinus lift procedure.
One of the major factors behind the success of the dental implant is the quality and quantity of the bone present for the implant procedure. If the amount of bone present is thin then it can lead to an unsuccessful dental implant. The patient can face a lot of problems after the procedure is done. But if the bone amount in the upper jaw is sufficient then you can have a successful dental implant. These types of dental implants last for more than a decade and provide the best experience to the patient for rest of the life.
Care should be taken by the patient after the procedure. Two sites are to be taken care of the recipient site. Patient should void blowing at least till a couple of weeks after the surgery. Moreover, if bleeding occurs then dentist should be approached immediately. Proper use of gauge is recommended so as to ensure that there is normal pressure on the area where bone augmentation is done. Nasal discharge is quite common. Traces of blood can be seen sometimes in this discharge. Patient should be following the antibiotic course for the surgery even after that procedure. There should be regular check up appointments set up with the dentist so as to monitor the recovery of the patient. It is preferred to ask the patient to eat before the surgery is done. Also, patient should avoid spitting till next 2-3 days to avoid disturbance to the blood clot formed during the recovery of the patient.