What is diabetes? Types of Diabetes

According to International Diabetes federation by 2025 India is going to be the capital of diabetes world population. Currently upto 11% of the India’s population and 3% of the rural population above the age of 15 have diabetes. Diabetes is a disease in which the body does not produce or properly use insulin. Insulin is a hormone that is needed to convert sugar, starches and other food into energy needed for daily life.

  • Type 1 diabetes is usually diagnosed inchildren and young adults, and is usually diagnosed in childhood. Many patients are diagnosed when they are older than age 20. In this disease, the body makes little or no insulin.
    It was previously known as juvenile diabetes.
  • The most common form of diabetes is type 2 diabetes. In this type of diabetes either the body does not produce enough insulin or the cells ignore the insulin. About 90 to 95 percent of people with diabetes have type 2.
  • Gestational diabetes is high blood glucose that develops at any time during pregnancy in a woman who does not have diabetes. Gestational diabetes affects about 4% of all pregnant women.

 If you notice anypossible diabetes symptoms, contact your doctor. The earlier the condition isdiagnosed, the sooner treatment can begin.