All You Need Need to Know About Root Canal Treatment

In India, the awareness about dental procedures is very low. People still don't know why do they require a certain type of treatment to cure their pain. The most they understand about dentistry is that it is all about 'Dental Caries' & 'Extractions'.

So, for the first time their dentist tells them that they require a root canal treatment, their first reaction is 'what is this?'.

Well, a root canal is a treatment to repair and save a badly damaged or infected tooth. The procedure involves removing the damaged area of the tooth (the pulp), cleaning and disinfecting it and then filling and sealing it.

The term "root canal" comes from cleaning of the canals inside the tooth's root. It is primarily an endodontic procedure which is either done by an endodontist, or an experienced and trained dentist.

If you think you need a root canal, consult your dentist. There are a number of steps that occur over a few office visits.

X-ray – if a dentist suspects you may need a root canal, he will first take X-rays or examine existing X-rays to show where the decay is located.

Anaesthesia – local anaesthesia is administered to the affected tooth. Contrary to popular belief, a root canal is no more painful than a filling.

Pulpectomy – an opening is made and the diseased tooth pulp is removed.

Filling – the roots that have been opened (to get rid of the diseased pulp) are filled with gutta-percha material and sealed off with cement.

Also, remember that a root canal treated tooth becomes weak as all the blood supply to it is now permanently stopped. hence it would require some exterior protection to protect it from the pressure generated from biting and chewing.

This is called Crowning of teeth. A Crown is cemented over the root canal treated tooth to provide strength and protect the tooth. Please note that this is a prosthetic procedure and requires a good prosthodontist, who understands the dental anatomy very well. Otherwise, a bad dental crown can cause long-term problems and produce damages for the tooth and the bone as well. Usually, the dentist takes an impression for the crown and sends it over to a lab for manufacturing. 

So, the next time you are being suggested a root canal, look out for the speciality of the dentist, his experience, and what material and technology they are using for the Crowns.