Pregnancy is a period of happiness and joy in the life of a women.
Oral health has got great significance during this period. During pregnancy, a woman’s oral health can undergo significant changes.
Common dental conditions experienced during pregnancy:
- Gum diseases ( pregnancy gingivitis)
It occurs usually during the first trimester of pregnancy. Gingival enlargement, which is an overgrowth or an increase in size of gums occurs. This primary changes are due to the surge in hormones, particularly an increase in progesterone and estrogen. Gingivitis in pregnant women can result in low birth babies.
Regular tooth brushing and flossing, eating a balanced diet, and visiting the dentist regularly will help reduce dental problems that accompany pregnancy.
- Enamel erosion
For some women, morning sickness is a major symptom of pregnancy. Along with the nausea comes additional acid that, if left in the mouth, can erode tooth surfaces.
Be sure to rinse your mouth out with water or with a fluoride mouthwash to keep the acid level under control. Tooth brushing should be done only after half an hour of an episode of vomiting as the enamel of the teeth would have been softened by the gastric acids.
- Tooth decay
The presence of plaque can make teeth vulnerable to decay. Use fluoridated tooth pastes to brush the teeth twice daily. Consume anti-cariogenic foods like cheese, fruits and vegetables.
- Dry mouth
Pregnancy dry mouth can put women at a greater risk for problems such as tooth decay, bad breath and oral infections. Drink plenty of water to stay hydrated and chew sugarless gum to enhance production of saliva.
- Tooth mobility
Tooth mobility increases as pregnancy advances. Proper oral hygiene measures should be done to prevent gum diseases (periodontitis.)
Do I need dental advice prior to becoming pregnant ?
- Undergo a dental and medical check u prior to getting pregnant.
- If your dentist advice further dental treatment, it should be completed.
What dental care is required during pregnancy ?
- Undergo a dental check up once in 6 months.
- Brush your teeth using a fluoridated tooth paste
- Floss you teeth at-least once a day.
- Brush your teeth only after half an hour of vomit.
- Dental care if required, can b done safely in the second trimester of pregnancy.
- Consume green leafy vegetables and fruits for healthy baby.
Pregnancy is a period where utmost care is to taken so that the baby develops a healthy body and healthy oral cavity. The initial development of the child’s teeth and other oral structures occurs in the womb of a mother.