The prevalence of systemic diseases is increasing world wide due to changes in life style pattern.

It has been concluded that obesity and periodontal diseases are associated with each other and obesity has emerged as a risk factor for periodontal disease. Many studies have been done to find the impact of systemic diseases on oral health and found that there is an association between diabetes,obesity and periodontal disease. Of late metabolic syndrome and periodontal disease have been linked.

Metabolic syndrome is a combination of several metabolic risk factors such as abdominal obesity, high blood pressure,lipid abnormality and hyperglycemia. According to NCEP ATP 111 an individual is considered as having metabolic syndrome when he or she presents with any three components of it.


Proinflammatory cytokines and inflammatory mediators associated with metabolic syndrome resulting in systemic inflammation induces periodontal disease. Periodontitis is a chronic inflammation of gums and periodontal tissues caused due to presence of plaque deposits on tooth for long period. These plaque are composed of bacterial colonies responsible in inducing inflammation and infection.


Oral cavity is said to be the mirror of the systemic health. The manifestation of systemic diseases are seen in oral cavity.So it is neccesary to maintain good oral hygiene. Good oral hygiene aids include proper tooth brushing,interdental aids,mouth wash,flossing. Hardly a day goes by in the world of dentistry without some mention of oral systemic relationship. It is important for a dentist to be updated on oral systemic relationship to implement appropriate plans for its prevention and treatment. Thereby Dentist plays an important role in teaching patients proper brushing teeth and providing oral health instructions and health education. So it is mandatory for all individuals to visit their dentist six months once to enchace their smile.