Concerned about bowel function has been prevalent throughout history across many cultures. A normal bowel pattern is thought to be a sign of good health. Unfortunately, no uniform definition of childhood constipation is recognized. Moreover, healthcare providers have definitions of constipation that are very different from most parents' definitions.

1) How frequent is the problem:-

Constipation in children has reported prevalence rates between 1% and 30%.It is the principal complaint in 3-5% of all visits to pediatric outpatient clinics and as many as 35% of all visits to pediatric gastroenterologists.

2) When is it called "Constipation":-

The Paris Consensus on Childhood Constipation Terminology (PACCT) defines constipation as "a period of 8 weeks with at least 2 of the following symptoms: defecation frequency less than 3 times per week, fecal incontinence frequency greater than once per week, passage of large stools that clog the toilet, palpable abdominal or rectal fecal mass, stool withholding behavior, or painful defecation."

3) How to deal with Constipation in Children:-

Childhood constipation is treated in many ways, and virtually any therapeutic regimen is likely to be effective as long as it is sufficiently aggressive and persistent. Because of the medical profession's understanding of the patho physiology of the problem, the basic tenets of therapy include evacuation of the colon, elimination of pain with defecation, and establishing regular bowel habits.A group of patients with severe constipation that does not respond to conservative medical therapy requires more aggressive treatments, including surgery.

4)  Diet:-

Get educated about ideal feeds to baby, about constipating factors in foods, importance of daily water intake, importance of toilet training for your baby and how to set biological clock in their mind.